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Agripreneurship ....Nisha. KM

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Agripreneurship could play a key role in the revamping Indian agro based sectors by giving special emphasis on the promotion of food processing sector
India is among the world’s major producers of food products and Food Processing Industry can be a key in boosting the economic growth of the country
It is in the top position in the production of cereals, livestock, milk, fruit and vegetables
Good investment opportunities exist in areas of food processing industries like fruit & vegetable processing, meat, fish & poultry processing, packaged, convenience food and drinks, milk products etc

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Agripreneurship ....Nisha. KM

  1. 1. Agriculture is scaling new heights by focusing on diversification, value addition, hi-tech farming, precision and organic farming, agribusiness etc  Agricultural based entrepreneurship or Agripreneurship, brings professionalisation and commercialisation in Indian agriculture, boosting agribusiness in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors Agripreneurship in Food Processing Industry brings immense benefits to the economy by raising agricultural yields, enhancing productivity, creating employment opportunities and improving the standard of living of people
  2. 2. •PRODUCTION •PROCESS (LAND, LABOUR, ENVIRONMENT) •CONSUMPTION SUPPLIES OF PRODUCTION INPUTS •FERTILIZERS •OTHER CHEMICALS •MACHINERY RESEARCH AND EDUCATION •BREEDING •PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT •MECHANISATION •PROCESSING •EXTENSION AND FEEDBACK PRODUCTION PROCESS •LAND •LABOUR •ENVIRONMENT •MACHINERY •CHEMICALS •IRRIGATION/ DRAINAGE MANAGEMENT MARKETING PROCESS •STORAGE •PROCESSING •PACKAGING •TRANSPORTING C O N S U M P T I O N AGRIBUSINESSTRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE TRANSFORMATION
  3. 3.  Examine the nascent areas of agripreneurial development in India  Analyse the performance of Food Processing Industry in India in terms of • revenue generation • contribution to GDP • value of export and • FDI in India
  4. 4.  The study is based on secondary data through review of the relevant literature related to agripreneurship, agribusiness and food processing industry  Data sources include data drawn from National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO), Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) reports, Annual Reports of Ministry of Food Processing Industry (MOFPI), CSO, FICCI, APEDA, IBEF, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, DIPP, National Accounts Statistics etc  Percentage analysis along with relevant tables and graphs were used to support the data consolidation, presentation and interpretations
  5. 5. (i) Input Management  Livestock feed, fodder  Machineries and equipments  Fertilizers, pesticides (ii) Agro Infrastructure  Transport and communication services  Power, irrigation, diesel  Cool chain infrastructure, cold storages devices (iii) Agro based Production  High-yield varieties of seeds  Floriculture, Horticulture, Pisciculture, Fisheries  Animal husbandry, Livestock, Dairy farming
  6. 6. (iv) Agri Processing  Fruit processing - jams, squash, canned fruits  Sugarcane processed- sugar grains, candies, jaggery  Dairy products- curd, butter, milk powder, ghee (v) Trade and Others  Contract farming, Cooperative farming  Retailing of agricultural products  Value chain management and marketing logistics (vi) Agri Marketing and Agri Services  Agricultural finance and Insurance  Transportation  Storage and warehousing  Sorting, grading, standardisation,  Packaging, labeling, advertising
  7. 7. (vii) Agri Science and Technology  Agro climate studies  Disaster Management  Pre harvest and post harvest technology (viii) Agri Management  Input management  Farm management  Finance Management  Risk Management  Production management  Agricultural Marketing Management
  8. 8. Sectorial-wise Classification of Food Processing Industry Sectors Products Commodity Sugar, Food Grains, Spices, Edible Oils Dairy Whole Milk Powder, Skimmed milk powder, Condensed milk, Ice cream, Butter and Ghee, Cheese Fruits & Vegetables Beverages, Juices, Concentrates, Pulps, Slices, Frozen & Dehydrated products, Potato Wafers/Chips, etc Grains & Cereals Flour, Bakeries, Starch Glucose, Cornflakes, Malted Foods, Vermicelli, Beer and Malt extracts, Grain based Alcohol Fisheries Frozen & Canned products mainly in fresh form Meat & Poultry Frozen and packed - mainly in fresh form, Egg Powder Convenience Food Snack food, Namkeens, Biscuits, Ready to Eat food, Alcoholic and Non-alcoholic beverages
  9. 9. Sector Primary Processed Products Value Added Products Agriculture Milled Grains, Spices Beverages, Ready to Eat or Cook/ Drink Products/ Bakery Product, Processed Dry Fruit Fruits and Vegetable Tea and Coffee Sugar Confectionery Edible Oil (Depending on Processing Level) Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Milk Milk Powder, Ghee, Butter, Cheese, Ice Cream Eggs, Meat Egg Powder, Packaged Meat and Preparations Fisheries Processed Aquatic Food (Depending on Processing Level) Sector-wise Categorisation of Primary Processed and Value Added Products
  10. 10. Source: MOSPI Annual Report, 2011-12.
  11. 11. Source: Government of India, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (2010) Share of Major Components of Food Processing Industry in Revenue Generation
  12. 12. Sl. No Industry 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 (Q) 2011-12 (R) I Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing 19.0 18.3 17.4 16.8 15.8 14.7 14.5 14.0 Agriculture 16.0 15.5 14.7 14.3 13.4 12.4 12.3 ----- Forestry and Logging 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 ----- Fishing 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 ----- II Industry 27.9 28.0 28.7 28.7 28.1 28.1 27.8 27.0 III Services 53.0 53.7 54.0 54.4 56.1 57.2 57.7 59.0 GDP at Factor Cost 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 Table: 1 Percentage Share of GDP at 2004-05 Prices (Rs in Crore) Source: Central Statistics Office, Govt. of India. Q- Quick Estimates R-Revised Estimates
  13. 13. Export Share of Various Countries in the World Processed Food Market Source: National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council, GOI, 2009
  14. 14. Sl. No Item 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Qty. Value Qty. Value Qty. Value 1 Cotton Raw incl. waste 457.56 2865.85 1357.99 9537.08 1258.09 12981.04 2 Marine products 465.00 7066.37 709.88 9899.98 800.95 11547.97 3 Oil Meals 6742.93 10269.24 4671.13 7831.79 6797.86 10845.91 4 Rice Basmati 1556.41 9477.03 2016.87 10889.6 2186.45 10581.51 5 Sugar 3332.08 4448.74 44.74 110.21 3241.34 10339.01 Source: Annual Report- 2011-12, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI. Table: 2 Top Five Agricultural Exports of India- from 2008-11.
  15. 15. Sl. No Item 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Qty. Value Qty. Value Qty. Value 1 Vegetable Oils Fixed Edible 6719.35 15837.46 8033.92 26483.3 6717.72 29442.11 2 Pulses 2474.11 6246.39 3509.58 9813.37 2591.25 6979.95 3 Fruits & Nuts (excl. Cashew nuts) ------ 2372.89 ------- 2873.15 ------- 3684.25 4 Sugar 386.10 583.16 2551.14 5965.8 1198.38 2787.27 5 Cashew Nuts 614.46 2672.42 755.96 3047.5 504.14 2479.75 Source: Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, 2011-12 Table: 3 Top Five Agricultural Imports of India- from 2008-11
  16. 16. Particulars 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 CAGR (5Years) GDP at Factor Cost 29,71,464 32,53,073 35,64,364 38,96,636 41,58,676 45,16,071 49,37,006 52,43,582 8.0 1.GDP Agriculture* 5,03,786 5,31,745 5,54,395 5,89,383 5,88,757 5,92,110 6,43,111 6,67,446 3.8 2.GDP Manufacturing 4,53,225 4,99,021 5,70,458 6,29,073 6,56,302 7,30,435 8,01,477 8,23,023 7.6 3.GDP – FPI 44,355 47,689 52,161 57,320 60,378 58,752 67,508 78,094 8.4 Registered 22,148 26,780 30,709 34,753 39,253 37,813 45,042 51,877 11.1 Unregistered 22,207 20,910 21,453 22,568 21,125 20,939 22,467 26,217 4.1 Source: National Accounts Statistics, 2013 Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) *Excludes Forestry & logging Table: 4 Contribution of Food Processing Industry (FPI) to GDP at 2004-05 Prices (Value in Crore)
  17. 17. Source: DGCIS Value of Export of Food Processing
  18. 18. Sector Amount of FDI Inflow % Share of Total FDI In Crores In US$ million 1 Food Processing Industries 5872.16 1286.53 0.89 2 Fermentation Industries 4269.92 979.74 0.65 3 Vegetable Oils and Vanaspathi 1103.22 238.72 0.17 4 Tea and Coffee 446.61 99.38 0.07 Total Food Processing Sector 11691.91 2604.37 1.78 Total FDI 658586.43 147088.13 100 Table: 5 Foreign Direct Investments in Food Processing Sector from April 2000 to August 2011 Source: Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce. Note: Data includes some investment for rubber, which is not a food processing industry
  19. 19.  The share of major components of food processing industry in revenue generation during the year 2010 shows that Food grain milling has the highest share in revenue generation followed by bread and bakery, dairy products, meat and poultry, soft drinks etc  The percentage share of agriculture in Indian GDP has been decreasing and that of service sector is on a rising trend  USA has the highest share in the world food processed market with 10.57%. Netherlands, France and Germany have a share of 7.91%, 7.72% and 6.09% respectively and India’s share in the world food processing market is 1.17%
  20. 20. Top 5 commodities exported from India - Raw cotton, marine products, oil meals, basmathi rice and sugar Top 5 agricultural imports of the commodities - vegetable oil, pulses, fruits and nuts, sugar and cashew nuts The percentage share of amount of FDI inflows to total FDI was 0.89% in the case of food processing industries, the total FPI share to total FDI is 1.78% Major Findings (Contd…..)
  21. 21.  Agripreneurship could play a key role in the revamping Indian agro based sectors by giving special emphasis on the promotion of food processing sector  India is among the world’s major producers of food products and Food Processing Industry can be a key in boosting the economic growth of the country  It is in the top position in the production of cereals, livestock, milk, fruit and vegetables  Good investment opportunities exist in areas of food processing industries like fruit & vegetable processing, meat, fish & poultry processing, packaged, convenience food and drinks, milk products etc

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