Presentation on Cambodia

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Presentation on Cambodia

  1. 1. CAMBODIA Presented by: Nirankar Singh
  2. 4. History of Cambodia <ul><li>Funan Empire: 68-550 </li></ul><ul><li>Chenla : 550-802 </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer Empire: 802-1431 </li></ul><ul><li>Dark Ages: 1618-1863 </li></ul><ul><li>French colonial period: 1863-1953 </li></ul><ul><li>First administration of Sihanouk: 1955-1970 </li></ul><ul><li>The Khmer Republic and the War: 1970-1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic Kampuchea (the Khmer Rouge/Red Khmer age): 1975-1979 </li></ul><ul><li>People's Republic of Kampuchea (Vietnamese occupation): 1979-1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Cambodia: 1993-Present </li></ul>
  3. 5. Geography <ul><li>Capital of Cambodia - Phnom Penh. </li></ul><ul><li>Area - 181,035 sq kms (69,898 sq mi) </li></ul><ul><li>Borders along with Laos, Vietnam, & Thailand. </li></ul><ul><li>Coast Line – 443 km. </li></ul><ul><li>75% area of the country is 100 mtr above the sea level. </li></ul><ul><li>Cardamon Mountains - Highest elevation </li></ul><ul><li>(1,813 m / 5,948 ft.) </li></ul><ul><li>Damrei Mountains - &quot;Elephant Mountains&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(500–1,000 m or 1,640–3,280 ft). </li></ul><ul><li>Dangrek Mountains – Avg elevation </li></ul><ul><li>(500 m / 1,640 ft) along the border </li></ul><ul><li>with Thailand's Isan region. </li></ul>
  4. 6. Climate <ul><li>Cambodia's temperatures range from 21° to 40°C. </li></ul><ul><li>Rainy Season - May to Oct. with high humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Season - Nov to Apr. temperature up to 40 °C. </li></ul><ul><li>The best months to visit Cambodia is Nov to Jan. </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia Faced two disastarous flood in 2001 & again 2002. </li></ul>
  5. 7. Economy of Cambodia <ul><li>Currency - Cambodian Riel (KHR). </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange Rate- 1 US Dollar = 4,192.90 Cambodian Riel 1 KHR = 0.0002385 USD. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth dropped below 7% in 2008 as a result of the global economic slowdown. </li></ul><ul><li>Garment industry - Employs 320,000 people & contributes more than 85% of Cambodia's export. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenues : $1.274 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Expenditures : $1.592 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Current account balance : </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison- </li></ul><ul><li>1. China $ 426,100,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Germany $ 243,300,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>117. Cambodia $ -1,002,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>182. India $ -37,510,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>190. United States $ -673,300,000,000 </li></ul>
  6. 8. GDP (gross domestic product) <ul><li>GDP (purchasing power parity) : $27.95 Billion. </li></ul><ul><li>Top Five GDP (ppp) Counties- </li></ul><ul><li>1. European Union $ 14,820,000,000,000. </li></ul><ul><li>2. United States $ 14,290,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>3. China $ 7,800,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Japan $ 4,348,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>5. India $ 3,267,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>108. Cambodia $ 27,950,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>GDP-per capita (PPP)- $2,000. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Liechtenstein $ 118,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Qatar $ 103,500 </li></ul><ul><li>188. Cambodia $ 2,000 </li></ul>
  7. 9. GDP <ul><li>GDP (offical exchange rate): $10.3 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>GDP (real growth rate): 6.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with GDP Growth Rate Countries- </li></ul><ul><li>1. Macau 15.00 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Angola 13.20 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Azerbaijan 11.60 </li></ul><ul><li>37. Cambodia 6.80 </li></ul><ul><li>41. India 6.60 </li></ul><ul><li>GDP composition by Sector : </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: 29%, Industry: 30% & Services: 41%. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Inflation Rate : -19.7% </li></ul><ul><li>1. San Marino -3.50% </li></ul><ul><li>2. Northern Mariana Islands -0.80% </li></ul><ul><li>202. Cambodia 19.70% </li></ul><ul><li>222. Zimbabwe 11,200,000.00% </li></ul><ul><li>Population below Poverty line : – 35% </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial production growth rate : 8.4% (2008 est.) </li></ul><ul><li>Household income or consumption by percentage share : lowest 10%: 2.9% highest 10%: 34.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture - products : Rice, Rubber, Corn, Vegetables, Cashews, Silk </li></ul>
  9. 11. Electricity & Oil <ul><li>Electricity - production : 1.163 billion kWh </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity - consumption :1.178 billion kWh </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity - exports : 0 kWh </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity - imports : 110 million kWh </li></ul><ul><li>Oil – production : 0 bbl/day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil – consumption : 3,736 bbl/day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil – exports : 0 bbl/day </li></ul><ul><li>Oil – imports : 3,618 bbl/day </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of Oil : 118 bbl/day </li></ul>
  10. 12. Major Industry in Cambodia <ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Garments </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Rice milling </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Wood and wood products </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber </li></ul><ul><li>Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Gem mining </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul>
  11. 13. Metals & Minerals <ul><li>Iron Ore : 5.2 million tons. </li></ul><ul><li>Manganese Ore : 120,000 tons. </li></ul><ul><li>Few thousand tons of Phosphate. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Gold and Silver deposits </li></ul><ul><li>have been reported in several </li></ul><ul><li>parts of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Salt and Coal also may be </li></ul><ul><li>present in Cambodia's geological </li></ul><ul><li>strata. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Exports <ul><li>Exports : $4.616 billion f.o.b. </li></ul><ul><li>Export Goods : Clothing, Timber, </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber, Rice, Fish, </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco & Footwear. </li></ul><ul><li>Main export partners : </li></ul><ul><li>US 58.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Germany 7.3% </li></ul><ul><li>UK 5.2% </li></ul><ul><li>Canada 4.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam 4.5%. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Imports <ul><li>Imports: $6.424 billion f.o.b. </li></ul><ul><li>Import goods: Petroleum products, </li></ul><ul><li>cigarettes, gold, construction materials, </li></ul><ul><li>machinery, motor vehicles, </li></ul><ul><li>pharmaceutical products. </li></ul><ul><li>Main import partners: </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand 23.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam 16.9% </li></ul><ul><li>China 15.0% </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong 10.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Singapore 7.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan 7.2% </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea 4.8% </li></ul>
  14. 16. Foreign Direct Investment <ul><li>Foreign Direct Investment In Cambodia- $3,821 million </li></ul><ul><li>Top FDI Countries- </li></ul><ul><li>1. US $2,093,0492 </li></ul><ul><li>2. UK $1,347,6883 </li></ul><ul><li>3. China $1,184,4714   </li></ul><ul><li>4. France $1,026,081 </li></ul><ul><li>35. India $76,226 </li></ul><ul><li>110.Cambodia $3,821 </li></ul>
  15. 17.   Foreign Exchange Reserves <ul><li>Reserves of foreign & gold of Cambodia : </li></ul><ul><li>$2.641 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Top Five Countries in Forex – </li></ul><ul><li>1. China $ 1,968,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Japan $ 1,011,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Russia $ 427,100,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Taiwan $ 296,400,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>5. India $ 256,400,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>99. Cambodia $ 2,641,000,000 </li></ul>
  16. 18. Public Debts <ul><li>Gross External Debt : $4.317 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison with other Countries- </li></ul><ul><li>1. United States $ 12,250,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>2. United Kingdom $ 10,450,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>3. France $ 5,370,000,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>27. India $ 166,400,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>107. Cambodia $ 4,266,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li># Economic aid - $504 million pledged in grants and concessional loans for 2005 by international donors. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Flag of Cambodia
  18. 20. <ul><li>Nationality : Cambodian </li></ul><ul><li>Independence From France November 9,1953. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic groups : </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer 90%, </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnamese 5% </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese 1% </li></ul><ul><li>Other 4%. </li></ul><ul><li>Religions : </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist 96.4% </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim 2.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Other 1.5%. </li></ul><ul><li>Languages : </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer (official) 95% </li></ul><ul><li>French & English 5% </li></ul>
  19. 21. Government <ul><li>King of Cambodia- Norodom Sihamoni, </li></ul><ul><li>(born 14 May 1953). </li></ul><ul><li>Reign from 14 October 2004 – present. </li></ul><ul><li>Previously Cambodia's ambassador to </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO . </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister- Hun Sen </li></ul><ul><li>(born August 5, 1952) </li></ul><ul><li>In Office-(30 November 1998-present) </li></ul><ul><li>Key leader of the </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodian People's Party </li></ul>
  20. 22. Culture Of Cambodia <ul><li>Its culture is highly influenced by India & China </li></ul><ul><li>The golden age of Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>was between the 9th and 14 th </li></ul><ul><li>century, during the Angkor period . </li></ul><ul><li>When greeting people or to </li></ul><ul><li>show respect in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>people do the &quot;sampeah&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>gesture, identical to the </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Namaste and Thai wai. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer classical dance is a form of Cambodian dance originally performed only for royalty. Having 4,000 gestures in this type of dance. </li></ul>
  21. 23. Population Characteristics <ul><li>Population - 14,244,293. </li></ul><ul><li>Age structure : </li></ul><ul><li>0-14 years: 32.6% (male 2,388,922/female 2,336,439) </li></ul><ul><li>15-64 years: 63.8% (male 4,498,568/female 4,743,677) </li></ul><ul><li>65 years and over: 3.6% (male 197,649/female 329,038) </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth rate : 1.765% </li></ul><ul><li>Birth rate : 25.73 births/1,000 population (67 th country </li></ul><ul><li>comparison to the world.) </li></ul><ul><li>Death rate : 8.08 deaths/1,000 population (110 th country </li></ul><ul><li>comparison to the world.) </li></ul><ul><li>Sex ratio : 0.96 male(s)/female </li></ul>
  22. 24. Communications in Cambodia <ul><li>Telephones - main lines in use : 37,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Telephones - mobile cellular : 2.583 million </li></ul><ul><li>Country code - 855 </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Stations : AM 1, FM 50, shortwave N </li></ul><ul><li>Television broadcast stations : 26(including 2 TV relay stations with French and Vietnamese broadcasts. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet hosts : 1,230 (149 th country comparison to the </li></ul><ul><li>world) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet users : 70,000 (154 th country comparison to the </li></ul><ul><li>world) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet country code : .kh </li></ul><ul><li>Official website of Cambodia : www. cambodia .gov.kh/ </li></ul><ul><li>www. cambodia .org/ </li></ul>
  23. 25. Sports in Cambodia <ul><li>Bokator - which means wielding a wooden </li></ul><ul><li>stick to fight lions. </li></ul><ul><li>Pradal Serey : A Traditional Khmer boxing </li></ul><ul><li>is a popular sport in Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>Sepak Takraw: It is a &quot;kick-volleyball“ </li></ul><ul><li>Football </li></ul><ul><li># The Cambodian Football Federation </li></ul><ul><li>is the governing body of football in </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>#Phnom Pehn National Stadium is </li></ul><ul><li>the national stadium with a </li></ul><ul><li>capacity of 50,000 in Phnom Penh. </li></ul>
  24. 26. Armed Force <ul><li>The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces Consists: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Royal Cambodian Army , </li></ul><ul><li>2. Royal Cambodian Navy & </li></ul><ul><li>3. Royal Cambodian Air Force </li></ul><ul><li>The king is the Supreme </li></ul><ul><li>Commander of the </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Cambodian Armed Forces </li></ul><ul><li>(RCAF) and the country's </li></ul><ul><li>prime minister effectively </li></ul><ul><li>holds the position of </li></ul><ul><li>commander-in-chief. </li></ul>
  25. 27. Transportation <ul><li>Roadways - It has length of 3928 km. </li></ul><ul><li>Railways - It has two rail lines of 612km. </li></ul><ul><li>Airways - It has four commercial airports. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Phnom Penh International Airport (2 nd Largest in Cambodia) </li></ul><ul><li>2.Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the largest. </li></ul><ul><li>3.Sihanoukville and </li></ul><ul><li>4.Battambang. </li></ul><ul><li>Seaways -It has two major ports </li></ul><ul><li>Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville . </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of receiving 8,000-ton ships </li></ul><ul><li>during the wet season and 5,000-ton </li></ul><ul><li>ships during the dry season. </li></ul>
  26. 28. Major Infectious diseases <ul><li>Degree of Risk : Very High in Cambodia. </li></ul><ul><li>Food or Waterborne Diseases : Bacterial and Protozoal Diarrhea, hepatitis A, and Typhoid Fever. </li></ul><ul><li>Vectorborne Diseases : Dengue fever, Japanese Encephalitis, and Malaria. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV Aids : 75,000 People living with HIV.(54 th country in </li></ul><ul><li>world) </li></ul><ul><li>6,900Deaths due to HIV (40 th country in </li></ul><ul><li>world) </li></ul><ul><li>Highly pathogenic H5N1 (Bird Flu) avian influenza has been identified in this country. </li></ul>
  27. 29. But In Cambodian Language Thank You..... Ar Kun

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