Courbet - THE PIONEER OF MODERN ART

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Courbet - THE PIONEER OF MODERN ART

  1. 1. Courbet -the pioneer of modern art
  2. 2. Structure of the project • Realism :literature :art • Naturalism • Modernism • Courbet :his works before 1848 : Ornans themes : Parisian themes : landscapes :self-portraits : Courbet’s nudes
  3. 3. Realism • Begins in France, as realisme, a literary doctrine calling for “reality and truth in the depiction of ordinary life.” – Grounded in the belief that there is an objective reality which can be portrayed with truth and accuracy as the goal; – The writer does not select facts in accord with preconceived ideals, but rather sets down observations impartially and objectively.
  4. 4. Rejecting the idealized classicism of academic art and the exotic themes of Romanticism, Realism was based on direct observation of the modern world
  5. 5. • First art movement which started with an “ideology” • Looking common man without prejudice • Political scenario of France :1830-July revolution :1848- revolution to end July monarchy :labor movement :philosophical shift – Marx and Engels
  6. 6. • Realism emerged in the aftermath of the Revolution of 1848 that overturned the monarchy of Louis-Philippe and developed during the period of the Second Empire under Napoleon III. As French society fought for democratic reform, the Realists democratized art by depicting modern subjects drawn from the everyday lives of the working class.
  7. 7. • .The elevation of the working class into the realms of high art and literature coincided with Pierre Proudhon's socialist philosophies and Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto, published in 1848, which urged a proletarian uprising.
  8. 8. • Proudhon :socialist – anarchist :”property is theft” :”anarchy is order” :”the system of economic contradictions, or the philosophy of poverty”
  9. 9. Realism in Literature • In keeping with Gustave Courbet's statement in 1861 that "painting is an essentially concrete art and can only consist in the representation of real and existing things," Realists recorded in often gritty detail the present-day existence of humble people, paralleling related trends in the naturalist literature of Émile Zola, Honoré de Balzac, and Gustave Flaubert
  10. 10. • Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Leo Tolstoy, Gustave Flaubert, and Ivan Turgenev are regarded by many critics as representing the zenith of the realist style with their unadorned prose and attention to the details of everyday life • Later "realist" writers included Benito Pérez Galdós, Guy de Maupassant ,Anton Chekhov, José Maria de Eça de Queiroz, Machado de Assis, Bolesław Prus and, in a sense, Émile Zola, whose naturalism is often regarded as an offshoot of realism.
  11. 11. Modernism • Advent of Avant- Garde • Necessity of avant-garde :art moving away from humanism :art becomes a luxurious commodity of the rich • Industrial revolution in the 1850s • Realism – Avant garde, bohemianism, socialism, Marxism, rationalism
  12. 12. ”Show me an angel and I will paint you an angel” Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)
  13. 13. Gustave Courbet • Lovers in the Countryside 1844 Oil on canvas, 77 x 60 cm Musée des Beaux- Arts, Lyon
  14. 14. Gustave Courbet • Young Women from the Village 1851 Oil on canvas, 195 x 261 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  15. 15. Gustave Courbet • The Studio of the Painter 1855 Oil on canvas, 359 x 598 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  16. 16. Gustave Courbet • Burial at Ornans 1849-50 Oil on canvas, 315 x 668 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris “the burial at ornans was in reality the burial of romanticism”- courbet
  17. 17. Gustave Courbet • Firemen Running to a Fire 1850-51 Oil on canvas, 388 x 580 cm Musée du Petit Palais, Paris
  18. 18. Gustave Courbet • Woman of Frankfurt 1858 Oil on canvas, 104 x 140 cm Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
  19. 19. Gustave Courbet • Portrait of Baudelaire c. 1848 Oil on canvas, 54 x 65 cm Musée Fabre, Montpellier
  20. 20. Gustave Courbet • Woman with a Parrot 1866 Oil on canvas, 130 x 196 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  21. 21. Gustave Courbet • Cliffs at Étretat 1870 Oil on canvas, 66 x 82 cm Nationalgalerie, Berlin
  22. 22. Gustave Courbet • The Source of the Loue 1863 Oil on canvas, 84 x 107 cm Kunsthaus, Zurich
  23. 23. Gustave Courbet • The Shaded Stream (or The Puits Noir Stream) 1865 Oil on canvas, 94 x 135 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  24. 24. Gustave Courbet • The Sea at Palavas 1854 Oil on canvas, 27 x 46 cm Musée Fabre, Montpellier
  25. 25. Gustave Courbet • Beach near Trouville 1865 Oil on canvas, 54 x 64 cm Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne
  26. 26. Gustave Courbet • The Stonebreakers 1849 Oil on canvas, 165 x 257 cm Gemäldegalerie, Dresden (destroyed)
  27. 27. Gustave Courbet • Self-Portrait (Man with Leather Belt) 1845-46 Oil on canvas, 100 x 82 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  28. 28. Gustave Courbet • Self-Portrait with Black Dog 1842-44 Oil on canvas, 46 x 56 cm Musée du Petit Palais, Paris
  29. 29. Gustave Courbet • Sleep 1866 Oil on canvas. 135 x 200 cm Musée du Petit Palais, Paris
  30. 30. Gustave Courbet • The Origin of the World 1866 Oil on canvas, 46 x 55 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  31. 31. Gustave Courbet • The Source 1868 Oil on canvas, 128 x 97 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris
  32. 32. Gustave Courbet • The Bathers 1853 Oil on canvas, 227 x 193 cm Musée Fabre, Montpellier
  33. 33. THANK YOU By NIRANJANA S PODUVAL

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