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Sustainable Rural Development - Technologies and Opportunities

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Dr. A D Karve shares some technology and opportunities for sustainable rural development by providing some examples from Appropriate Rural Technology Institute's work at Net Impact Pune (www.nipune.org) speed networking event - "Get started and Make an Impact"

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Sustainable Rural Development - Technologies and Opportunities

  1. 1. Sustainable Rural Development – Technologies and Opportunities: Examples from ARTI’s Work Dr. A.D. Karve, President, Appropriate Rural Technology Institute
  2. 2. Example 1: Better Quality of Life for Rural Women
  3. 3. ARTI’s Focus: Reducing IAP <ul><li>60% households in India still rely on wood and biomass as cooking fuels using primitive, smoky and inefficient chulhas (Census, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Every year 500,000 women and children in India die prematurely due to long term exposure to smoke in the kitchen (WHO, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidy on LPG and kerosene is not sustainable in the long term (Planning Commission Committee, 2005) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our Solutions ( Products) Biogas from Organic Waste Improved Laxmi Stove Sarai Cooking System Char Briquettes from Agrowaste Vivek Sawdust Stove Sampada Gasifier Stove Bharatlaxmi Stove <ul><li>Products not fuel specific (e.g., </li></ul><ul><li>specifically sized pellets). </li></ul><ul><li>Other source of energy not </li></ul><ul><li>required (e.g., electricity). </li></ul>Ashden Award 2006 Ashden Award 2002
  5. 5. Example 2: Sustainable Urban Waste Management
  6. 6. Compact Biogas System ASHDEN AWARD FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, 2006 Emission Results (48 hr average) CO = 2.062 mg/m 3 Particulate Matter = 0.035 mg/m 3
  7. 7. Quantity of daily feedstock Reaction Time for full utilization of feedstock Standard size for household 40 kg dung + 40 lit water 1-1.5 kg feedstock + 10 lit water 40 days 48-72 hrs 1000 – 1500 lit 4000 lit Dung-based Biogas ARTI Biogas Cost of System Rs.10,000 Rs.20,000 A Comparison Already about 3000 plants installed , enquiries pouring in from around the globe.
  8. 8. ARTI large scale biogas plant
  9. 9. ARTI Compact Biogas Balcony Model <ul><li>Size: 0.5 m 3 digester </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity: upto 1 kg kitchen waste </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity of gas produced: upto 0.5 kg biogas, capable of replacing about 100 gm of LPG, daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on type of cooking done, at least 15-20 min of cooking (tea, snacks, etc.) can be done, daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Can fit into a balcony. </li></ul>Take care of your own kitchen waste in house. LPG replacement is the bonus! Fertilized water available for your kitchen garden.
  10. 10. Example 3: High Income Sustainable Agriculture
  11. 11. Substitute for Tissue culture
  12. 12. Farming on raised beds
  13. 13. Cattle fodder on raised beds
  14. 14. Root mats
  15. 15. Cultivation of Root Drugs
  16. 16. Thank You! A.D. Karve [email_address] Visit our website: www.arti-india.org

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