Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

How to prepare for the toefl test

357 views

Published on

It's my assignment for English subject at my master degree. I edited a little bit the translation before I uploaded. I use the different design too. No body perfect, me too.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

How to prepare for the toefl test

  1. 1. HOW TO PREPAREFOR THE TOEFL TESTPEMELA J. SHARPE, Ph.D Oleh Noer Fadlilah Wening Dwihastuti, S.Ag Q 100060446 Magister Manajemen Pendidikan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta 2008
  2. 2. Question 43 - 46Pertanyaan nomer 43 - 46Listen to a talk by a college instructor in an English class.Mendengarkan sebuah pembicaraan di dalam kelas bahasa Inggris yang dilakukan oleh tutor sebuah perguruan tinggi.
  3. 3. So many different kinds of writing have been called essays, it is difficult to define exactly what an essay is. Perhaps the best way is to the point out four characteristics that are true of most essays.Banyak sekali macam penulisan yang disebut esai, sangat sulit menggambarkan secara tepat apakah esai tersebut. Barangkali yang terbaik adalah membagi esai ke dalam empat karakteristik yang benar.
  4. 4. First,an essay is about onetopic. It does not start with onesubject and digress to anotherand another.Pertama, suatu esai adalah sebuahtopik. Esai tidak dimulai dengan satumasalah dan menyimpang ke satumasalah ke masalah yang lainnyalagi.
  5. 5. Second,although a few essays are long enough to be considered a small book, most essays are short. Five hundred words is the most common length for an essays.Kedua, walaupun beberapa esei cukup panjang untuk dipertimbangkan sebagai sebuah buku kecil, kebanyakan esei adalah pendek/singkat. Lima ratus kata-kata adalah panjang yang paling umum untuk suatu esei.
  6. 6. Third, an essay is quatrain in prose, not poetry. True, Alexander Pope get call two of his poems essays, but that word is part of a title, and after all, the “Essay on Man” and the “Essay on Critisism” really are not essays at all. They a long poems.Ketiga, suatu esai adalah syair empat baris di dalam prosa, bukan puisi. Benar, Sri Paus Alexander menyebut dua puisinya sebagai esai, tetapi kata itu bagian dari sebuah judul, dan benar, "Essay on Man" dan “Essay On Critisism" benar-benar bukanlah suatu esai. Itu adalah puisi yang panjang.
  7. 7. Fourth, and probably most important, an essay is personal. It is the work of one person whose purpose is to share a thought, idea, or poin of view. Let we also stay here that since an essay is always personal, the term “personal essay” is redundant.Keempat, dan kemungkinan paling penting, sebuah esai adalah pribadi. Esai merupakan hasil karya seseorang yang bertujuan untuk berbagi suatu pemikiran, gagasan, atau pandangan. Mari kita lihat dari sini, sejak suatu esai dipandang pribadi, istilah "esai pribadi" menjadi berlebih-lebihan.
  8. 8. Now, taking into considerationall of these characteristic,perhaps we can now definedan essay as a short, prosecomposition with a personalviewpoint that discusses onetopic. With that in mind, let’sbrainstorm some topics foryour first essay assignment.
  9. 9. Sekarang, denganmempertimbangkan semuakarakteristik di atas, barangkalikita dapat menggambarkan suatuesai sebagai sebuah komposisiprosa pendek yang membicarakansatu topik dengan sudut pandangpribadi. Melalui pola pikir tersebut,marilah kita mendiskusikanbeberapa topic untuk tugas esaipertamamu.
  10. 10. 43. What is the instractor defining?A. The term “essay”B. Prose writingC. Personal viewpointD. Brainstorming43. Apa yang dilukiskan oleh instruktur?A. Istilah "esai“B. Menulis prosaC. Sudut pandang pribadiD. Pengungkapan pendapat“So many different kinds of writing have been called essays, it is difficult to define exactly what an essay is.” Choise B, C, and D are secondary themes used to develop a definition of the talk.
  11. 11. 44. What is the main poin of the talk?A. The work of Alexander PopeB. The difference between prose and poetryC. The general characteristics of essaysD. The reason that the phrase “personal essay” is redundant44. Apa poin utama dari pembicaraan itu?A. Hasil karya Sri Paus AlexanderB. Perbedaan antara prosa dan puisiC. Karakteristik esai secara umumD. Alasan bahwa ungkapan "esai pribadi" berlebih- lebihan“... four characteristic that are true of most essays.” Choise A, B, and D are secondary themes used to develop the main theme of the talk
  12. 12. 45.According to the talk, which of the characteristics are not true of an essays?A. It is usually shortB. It can be either prose or poetryC. It expresses a personal point of viewD. It discusses one topik45.Menurut uraian di atas, manakah karakteristik yang tidak benar untuk suatu esai?A. Esai pada umumnya pendek/singkatB. Esai dapat berupa prosa maupun puisiC. Esai mengungkapkan suatu pandangan pribadiD. Esai mendiskusikan satu topik“... an essay [is] a short, prose composition with a personal viewpoint that discusses one topic.”Choise B contradicts the fact that an essay is writen in prose, not poetry.
  13. 13. 46.What will the students probably do as an assignment?A. They will prepare for a quizB. They will write their first essayC. They will read works by PopeD. They will review their notes46.Tugas apa yang mungkin akan dilakukan oleh para siswa?47. Mereka akan bersiap-siap menghadapi suatu ulangan/ujian48. Mereka akan menulis esai pertama mereka49. Mereka akan membaca karya Sri Paus50. Mereka akan mempelajari catatan mereka“... let’s brainstorm some topics for your first essay assignment.” Choise A, C, and D are not mentioned and may not be concluded from information in the conversation.
  14. 14. THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTIONJAZAKUMULLAHI KHAIRAN KATSIRA Ninin Dahlan

×