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Croatian language

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LANGUAGES IN
   CROATIA
Official language
   The official language in Croatia is Croatian
   Official languages in Istria is Croatian and Italian
   Croatian is native language to 96% of population




       Croatian dictionary       Croatian and Italian language in Istria
Other languages in Croatia
     Languages of immigrants:
       Albanian              Romanian

       Bosnian               Russian

       Bulgarian             Slovak

       Czech                 Slovenian

       Hebrew                Serbian

       Hungarian             Italian

       Macedonian            Turkish

       German                Ukrainian

       Polish                etc.
Dialects
   There are three
    dialects in Croatian
    language:
     Shtokavian

     Chakavian

     Kajkavian

   Standard and
    literary Croatian is
    based on the central
    dialect, Shtokavian
History of Croatian language




Baška tablet , Island Krk                             Glagolitic Missal of Duke
       ca. 1100                                            Novak, 1368




                            Vatican Croatian Prayer
                                 Book, ca. 1400
Hrvoje's Missal,   The Vinodol Codex,   A page from the
1404               1288                 "Istrian land
                                        survey" of 1526

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Croatian language

  • 1. LANGUAGES IN CROATIA
  • 2. Official language  The official language in Croatia is Croatian  Official languages in Istria is Croatian and Italian  Croatian is native language to 96% of population Croatian dictionary Croatian and Italian language in Istria
  • 3. Other languages in Croatia  Languages of immigrants:  Albanian  Romanian  Bosnian  Russian  Bulgarian  Slovak  Czech  Slovenian  Hebrew  Serbian  Hungarian  Italian  Macedonian  Turkish  German  Ukrainian  Polish  etc.
  • 4. Dialects  There are three dialects in Croatian language:  Shtokavian  Chakavian  Kajkavian  Standard and literary Croatian is based on the central dialect, Shtokavian
  • 5. History of Croatian language Baška tablet , Island Krk Glagolitic Missal of Duke ca. 1100 Novak, 1368 Vatican Croatian Prayer Book, ca. 1400
  • 6. Hrvoje's Missal, The Vinodol Codex, A page from the 1404 1288 "Istrian land survey" of 1526
  • 8. Croatian grammar  Ten kinds of  Seven cases:  Seven words:  Nominative tenses:  Nouns  Accusative  The Past  Verbs  Genitive  Perfect  Adjectives  Aorist  Dative  Imperfect  Pronouns  Locative  Pluperfect  Numerals  Instrumental  The Present  Adverbs  Vocative  Present  Prepositions  The Future  Conjunctions  Future I  Particles  Future II
  • 9. Croatian alphabet  30 letters  The Croatian Latin was mostly designed by Ljudevit Gaj  Linguists deal with alphabet area and study spelling Croatian linguist and reformer Croatian alphabet Ljudevit Gaj
  • 10. Foreign words  from the:  more recently a major  Latin blow to the Croatian  German language is by English  Italian (“frend”, “shopping”,  Russian “huligan” etc.)  Hungarian  some foreign words are  Turkish “bistro”, “baština”,  Czech “alkohol”, “alat”, “kula”,  French “jorgan” etc.
  • 11. Croatian literature  periods in the literature:  compilation of  Medieval period novels, dramas,  Renaissance short stories and  Baroque poems  Classicism and Enlightenment  Romanticism  Protorealism  Realism  Modernism Month of Croatian book  20th century
  • 12. Interesting facts  The longest word in Croatian language is “prijestolonasljednikovica”. Its longest form is “prijestolonasljednikovičičinima”  The shortest words are a (and, but), u (in), i (and), o (about), k (to), s (with)  Croatian is ranked 95th by the number of speakers  About 7 million people speak Croatian  Science that deals with the Croatian language is called the Croatistics
  • 13. Authors:  Katarina Krešo  Nikolina Novaković 8.d