Literature for ESL

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Literature for ESL

  1. 1. LITERATURE AS CONTENT FOR ESL /EFL By Ningsih. S.M
  2. 2. Background Structural drills (in ALM), make monotonous teaching and this is boring activities In 1950s, publishers presented simplified literary passages Teachers use literature in language teaching as an interesting and worthy concern
  3. 3. Definition Literature is like an umbrella term giving information on every business. (Moody, 1971) Literature is the use of language effectively in suitable conditions. ( Baird, 1969) Literature is the use of language effectively in suitable conditions. ( Baird, 1969) Literature is written material such as poetry, novels, essays, etc., esp works of imagination characterized by excellence of style and expression as well as by themes of general or enduring interest Literature is written material such as poetry, novels, essays, etc., esp works of imagination characterized by excellence of style and expression as well as by themes of general or enduring interest
  4. 4. Reason for Using Literature as Content for ESL/EFL Valuable Authentic Material Cultural Enrichment Language Enrichment Personal Involvement
  5. 5. Criteria for suitable literary text in ESL/EFL Students’ need Interest Cultural background Language level
  6. 6. Literature and Reading In reading lesson, discussion begins at literal level with direct questions of fact regarding setting, characters, and plot which can be answered by specific reference to the text.
  7. 7. Literature and writing Literature can be a powerful and motivating source for writing in ESL/EFL, both as a model and as a subject matter.  Literature as a model occurs when students writing becomes closely similar to the original work or clearly imitates its contents, themes, organization, and /or style. Literature as a subject matter occur when student writing exhibits original thinking like interpretation or analysis or creativity by reading literature.
  8. 8. Literature, Speaking, and Listening Literature can be a powerful and motivating source for speaking and listening in ESL/EFL, it occurs when students speaking and listening on oral reading, dramatization, improvisation, role playing activities, etc.
  9. 9. Kinds of Literature in ESL/EFL Poetry Prose Novel Play Song, etc Short story
  10. 10. Classroom Practice 1. Introducing theory 2. Creative activity 3. Producing and performing
  11. 11. As an active and autonomous participants As literature reader who creates individual meanings As facilitators who guide and plan the process of literary work and analysis The Role of Teachers The Role of Learners
  12. 12. The advantages of using literature in EFL/ESL  It provides meaningful contexts  It involves a profound range of vocabulary, dialogues and prose  It appeals to imagination and enhances creativity  It develops cultural awareness  It encourages critical thinking  It is in line with CLT (Communicative Language Teaching)
  13. 13. Literature plays an important role in ESL/ EFL The teacher has important role in teaching Literature helps students acquire a native- like competence in English CONCLUSION
  14. 14. Thanks…

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