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We explore the intermediate level of culture, specifically the topic of superstitions as it relates to different social groups.

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  1. 1. Superstitions<br />Nine, Tata, Tony<br />
  2. 2. Superstitions in Numbers <br />
  3. 3. Who shares it<br />All over the world – personal lucky and unlucky numbers<br />Common global beliefs – e.g. 13 is unlucky<br />Asian communities have many superstitions with numbers <br />Thai and Chinese superstitions<br />
  4. 4. Why is it Intermediate Level? <br />Thai Culture – odd numbers are lucky<br />Symbols: 9 can be translated to mean "to enter” and is close to the word "rice”<br />Meanings: “Kgaona” – progress, “Kao” <br />Chinese Culture – 2 and 8 are the most lucky; 4 is the most <br /> unlucky<br />Symbols: 8 sounds similar to the word “prosper”<br />Meanings: “fā” – prosper or wealth <br />Norms: Lottery, license plate, phone numbers<br />
  5. 5. What does it show?<br />Numbers could signify many positive and negative aspects of life.<br />Apart from hard work and determination, people also valued luck for their successes and prosperity in life. <br />High values. <br />
  6. 6. Deep-level Culture source<br />No clear source<br />Beliefs could have originated long ago, passed down through generations<br />A group of people valued luck and prosperity through numbers, popularity grew<br />Evidence: Chinese calendar dates, addresses<br />
  7. 7. Conflicts<br />Multi-racial communities<br />Thai-Chinese – disagreeing on which numbers are valued <br />Too superstitious on numbers – can result in loss of money and effort (e.g. lottery, money bets) <br />
  8. 8. Superstitions in Northeastern Thailand<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Who shares it<br />Northeast area of Thailand<br />Sometimes also in central Thailand<br />Common in rural/dry areas<br />Agricultural culture<br />
  11. 11. Why is it Intermediate Level? <br />Rain – Purity, Goodness<br />Believed to be gifts from the god of rain<br />Shoot rockets to the sky as a signal for need to the god<br />Lack of Rain – Degradation of humans<br />Must plead with the divine powers for rain (essential for agricultural-centered communities)<br />Cat – Hate water, “Meow” when rains<br />Spray cat with water so it cries out -> rain<br />
  12. 12. What does it show?<br />Value placed on agriculture<br />Adaptation of the belief system to fit: <br /> - agricultural culture<br /> - local climate<br />Sense of community<br />
  13. 13. Deep-level Culture source<br />Animism – There are spirits in every element of nature<br />Supernatural happenings<br />Well-beings of human beings are influenced by higher powers<br />
  14. 14. Conflicts<br />Animal cruelty?<br />Pointless?<br />Western perspective: <br />Scientific explanations<br />Scientific methods to solve drought problems <br />
  15. 15. By Tony Remmel<br />Georgetown China Brawl<br />
  16. 16. National pride-<br />To Americans the game was seen of more of just a friendly match but to the Chinese this was less important.<br />The Chinese use sports to promote diplomacy, at times that has been affected by violent flare-ups by players and fans.<br />American/China relations-<br />The Americans where there for a friendly match that where doing a good will match tour.<br />They want to win and one punch starts, an all out fight.<br />Face-<br />When there was a incident on a court, the Chinese player felt they lost face which then lead him to retaliate in order to regain some face<br />Deep Level Cultural Aspect<br />
  17. 17. The Americans came there for good will publicity in China.<br />The Chinese wanted to win to lose was to lose face which is a huge issue in China.<br />These two opposing mind sets contradicted on the court and only took a minor incident to spark a major brawl<br />How might it cause Conflict?<br />
  18. 18. Two sides of the conflict<br />Americans<br />Were there for a friendly match<br />Collegiate basketball players<br />Chinese <br />There for a friendly match but national pride was on the line<br />Chinese army team<br />
  19. 19. Wanting to win<br />It was supposed to be a friendly match but national pride was on the line<br />Student athlete vs Army Athlete<br />Different socioeconomic statuses of opposing teams<br />Rich vs poor<br />The idea of face really affected the Chinese.<br />Why is it Intermediate Level?<br />
  20. 20. <br />Video<br />