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CHILDHOOD SCHIZOPHRENIA
AND DEPRESSION
CHILDHOOD
SCHIZOPHRENIA
Definition
• Childhood schizophrenia is a severe
brain disorder in which children
interpret reality abnormally.
Schizophre...
Causes
• Unknown
• Brain disorders
• Genetics and environment
• Problems with neurotransmitters
• Difference in brain stru...
Risk factors
• Family history of schizophrenia
• Exposure to viruses, toxins or
malnutrition while in the womb
• Abnormal ...
Onset
• symptoms start in the late teens to the
mid-30s
• Early-onset schizophrenia occurs in
children younger than age 17...
Clinical Features
Early signs and symptoms
• Language delays
• Late or unusual crawling
• Late walking
• Other abnormal mo...
Contd…..
Symptoms in teenagers
Withdrawal from friends and family
A drop in performance at school
Trouble sleeping
Irr...
Contd…
Teens may be:
• Less likely to have delusions
• More likely to have visual hallucinations
Contd…
Later signs and symptoms
• Hallucinations.
• Delusions.
• Disorganized thinking (speech).
• Disorganized or abnorma...
Diagnostic Measures
• Child's medical and psychiatric history
• Conduct a physical examination
• Medical and psychological...
Tests and screenings.
• Blood tests
• Imaging studies, such as magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI) or
computerized tomography...
Psychological evaluation
• Observe appearance and demeanor
• Asking about thoughts, feelings and
behavior patterns
• Talki...
Diagnostic criteria
• Hallucinations
• Delusions
• Disorganized speech
• Disorganized behavior
• Catatonic behavior, which...
Treatment
• Medications
• Individual and family therapy
• Social and academic skills training
• Hospitalization
• Lifestyl...
Complications
• Poor performance or inability to attend
school or work
• Inability to perform daily activities, such
as ba...
Contd…
• Abuse of alcohol, drugs or prescription
medications
• Poverty
• Homelessness
• Family conflicts
• Inability to li...
CHILDHOOD
DEPRESSION
DEFINITION
• Being unable to enjoy activities that
they once enjoyed, complaining about
physical ailments, or may seem bor...
INCIDENCE
• Each year depression affects 17 million
people of all age groups, races, and
economic backgrounds
• 1 in every...
CAUSES
• Lowered levels of neurotransmitters in
the brain
• Genetics
• Significant life events
• Stress
• Chronic illness.
TYPES
• Major depression
• Dysthymia
• Bipolar disorder
CLINICAL FEATURES
• Changes in appetite
• Changes in sleep
• Continuous feelings of sadness or
hopelessness
• Difficulty c...
Contd..
• Impaired thinking or concentration
• Increased sensitivity to rejection
• Irritability or anger
• Physical compl...
DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES
• History
• Mental status examination
• Laboratory tests
• Imaging studies
 X-ray, scan, or other ima...
TREATMENT
• Addressing any medical conditions
• Supportive therapy
• Psychotherapy
Interpersonal therapy
Cognitive behav...
Complications
• Poor academic performance
• Engaging in alcohol and drug abuse
• Job disruptions
• Family and other social...
3. National Regulations
Assessment and ratings
Thank you...Thank you...
Questions?
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Child schizophrenia and depression

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childhood schizophrenia and depression

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Child schizophrenia and depression

  1. 1. CHILDHOOD SCHIZOPHRENIA AND DEPRESSION
  2. 2. CHILDHOOD SCHIZOPHRENIA
  3. 3. Definition • Childhood schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which children interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia involves a range of problems with thinking (cognitive), behavior or emotions.
  4. 4. Causes • Unknown • Brain disorders • Genetics and environment • Problems with neurotransmitters • Difference in brain structure
  5. 5. Risk factors • Family history of schizophrenia • Exposure to viruses, toxins or malnutrition while in the womb • Abnormal activation of the immune system • Older age of the father • Taking psychoactive drugs during teen years
  6. 6. Onset • symptoms start in the late teens to the mid-30s • Early-onset schizophrenia occurs in children younger than age 17 • Very early-onset schizophrenia in children younger than age 13.
  7. 7. Clinical Features Early signs and symptoms • Language delays • Late or unusual crawling • Late walking • Other abnormal motor behaviors
  8. 8. Contd….. Symptoms in teenagers Withdrawal from friends and family A drop in performance at school Trouble sleeping Irritability or depressed mood Lack of motivation Strange behavior
  9. 9. Contd… Teens may be: • Less likely to have delusions • More likely to have visual hallucinations
  10. 10. Contd… Later signs and symptoms • Hallucinations. • Delusions. • Disorganized thinking (speech). • Disorganized or abnormal motor behavior. • Negative symptoms.
  11. 11. Diagnostic Measures • Child's medical and psychiatric history • Conduct a physical examination • Medical and psychological screenings • Review school records.
  12. 12. Tests and screenings. • Blood tests • Imaging studies, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) • Electroencephalogram (EEG)
  13. 13. Psychological evaluation • Observe appearance and demeanor • Asking about thoughts, feelings and behavior patterns • Talking to child about any thoughts of self-harm or harming others • Evaluate the ability to think and function at an age-appropriate level • Assessing mood, anxiety and possible psychotic symptoms.
  14. 14. Diagnostic criteria • Hallucinations • Delusions • Disorganized speech • Disorganized behavior • Catatonic behavior, which can range from a coma-like daze to bizarre, hyperactive behavior • Negative symptoms, which relate to lack of or reduced ability to function normally
  15. 15. Treatment • Medications • Individual and family therapy • Social and academic skills training • Hospitalization • Lifestyle and home remedies
  16. 16. Complications • Poor performance or inability to attend school or work • Inability to perform daily activities, such as bathing or dressing • Withdrawal from friends and family • Suicide • Self-injury • Anxiety and phobias • Depression
  17. 17. Contd… • Abuse of alcohol, drugs or prescription medications • Poverty • Homelessness • Family conflicts • Inability to live independently • Health problems • Being a victim of aggressive behavior • Aggressive behavior
  18. 18. CHILDHOOD DEPRESSION
  19. 19. DEFINITION • Being unable to enjoy activities that they once enjoyed, complaining about physical ailments, or may seem bored and have problems concentrating, among other symptoms.
  20. 20. INCIDENCE • Each year depression affects 17 million people of all age groups, races, and economic backgrounds • 1 in every 33 children may have depression • In teens, that number may be as high as 1 in 8
  21. 21. CAUSES • Lowered levels of neurotransmitters in the brain • Genetics • Significant life events • Stress • Chronic illness.
  22. 22. TYPES • Major depression • Dysthymia • Bipolar disorder
  23. 23. CLINICAL FEATURES • Changes in appetite • Changes in sleep • Continuous feelings of sadness or hopelessness • Difficulty concentrating • Fatigue and low energy • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  24. 24. Contd.. • Impaired thinking or concentration • Increased sensitivity to rejection • Irritability or anger • Physical complaints • Reduced ability to function • Social withdrawal • Thoughts of death or suicide • Vocal outbursts or crying.
  25. 25. DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES • History • Mental status examination • Laboratory tests • Imaging studies  X-ray, scan, or other imaging study
  26. 26. TREATMENT • Addressing any medical conditions • Supportive therapy • Psychotherapy Interpersonal therapy Cognitive behavioral therapy • Complementary therapies • Medications
  27. 27. Complications • Poor academic performance • Engaging in alcohol and drug abuse • Job disruptions • Family and other social upheaval during adulthood.
  28. 28. 3. National Regulations Assessment and ratings Thank you...Thank you...
  29. 29. Questions?

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