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BATTLES IN THE NORTH EAST : 1615-67
PREVIEW
Background : Ahom-Mughal
conflicts
First Ahom Mughal conflict : 1615
Lachit Borphukan & Battle of
Saraighat
Lesson...
NORTH EAST EMPIRES - 17TH CENTURY
Mughal Empire
Ahom Kingdom
Jaintia Kingdom
Kachari Kingdom
Manipur Kingdom
Koch Kingdom
BACKGROUND OF AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICTS
Koch Kingdom 1587 – King
Nara Narayana
East Koch Kingdom – King
Lakshimi Narayana
West...
Cooch Behar
EXTENT OF EAST AND WEST KOCH KINGDOM
East Koch Kingdom
West Koch Kingdom
Brahmaputra R
Sankosh R Bharali R
Cooch Behar
MUGHAL ATTK ON WEST KOCH KINGDOM : 1602
East Koch Kingdom
West Koch Kingdom
Brahmaputra R
Sankosh R Bharali R
...
FIRST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615
Dhubri
Barzapur
Manas R
Pratap Singha of Ahom Dynasty and
Bali Narayana formed alliance
...
FIRST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615
Hajo
Kaliabor
Sala Fort
Nagaon
Brahmaputra R
Kajali
Kajali under Ahom dynasty occu
Mugha...
1ST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615
Brahmaputra R
Bharali R
Samdhara
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Hajo
Kajali
Kaliabor
Tezpur Samdhara
Mugh...
Brahmaputra R
Bharali R
Samdhara
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Sala Fort
LOST TERRITORIES REGAINED BY AHOMS : 1616
Addl Ahom forces sent...
FIRST AHOM MUGHAL CONFLICT : GAINS AND LOSSES
Mughal cdr Aba Baqr killed by Bella
Bargohain
Raja Satrajit escaped
1700 kil...
EXPANSE OF TERRITORIES AFTER FIRST CONFLICT
Sankosh R
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Brahmaputra R
Nowmati
Barnadi R Bharali R
Hajo
Pandu...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Brahmaputra R
Nowmati
Barnadi R Bharali R
Hajo
Bali Narayana attk Mughal outpost...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636
Hajo
Pandu
Brahmaputra R
Saraighat
Ahoms captured Saraighat & Pandu
Raja Satrajit at Pandu surre...
Hajo
Pandu
Brahmaputra R
Saraighat
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636
Mughals plonged at Saraighat and
Hajo under Zienul Abidin
Raj...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636
Ahom navy launched ni attk at
Saraighat
Guwahati
Goalpara
Chunari
Pandu
Brahmaputra R
Mughals re...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637
Karaibari
Hatisala
Solmari
Goalpara
Dhubri
Jagighopa
In late dec rfts came for
Mughals under Mir...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637
Goalpara
Karaibari
Hatisila
Solmari
Dhubri
Jagighopa
Guwahati
Bhabhanipur
Barnagar
Bishnupur
Kal...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637
Goalpara
Karaibari
Hatisila
Solmari
Dhubri
Jagighopa
Guwahati
Barpeta
Bhabhanipur
Barnagar
Bishn...
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT : 1637-38
In Nov Mughal land forces under
Md Zaman adv towards Hajo and
captured it
GuwahatiBrahmaput...
EXPANSE OF TERRITORIES : 1638
Sankosh R
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Brahmaputra R
Nowmati
Barnadi R Bharali R
Hajo
Pandu
Kamrup
Ahom K...
Brahmaputra R
Bharali R
Samdhara
Kaliabor
Tezpur
Duiminisila
AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1638
In Oct 1638 Mughals with Pran
Nar...
FINAL AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1638
Brahmaputra R
Duiminisila
Kaliabor
Kajali
Guwahati
Barnadi R
Tezpur
Bharali R
In Nov 163...
Brahmaputra R
Duiminisila
Kaliabor
Kajali
Tezpur
Bharali R
Asurar
TREATY OF ASURAR ALI - 1639
Guwahati
Barnadi R
The treat...
COLD WAR PD : 1639- 58
Violation of pers freedom of subjects
Mughal capital shifted from Hajo to Guwahati
Pratap Singha di...
Mughal Empire
Ahom Kingdom
W Koch
Mughals overthrown from Kamrup
RENEWAL OF CONFLICT
Entire territory betn the Barnadi R
&...
INVASION OF MIR JUMLA
Mir tasked to conquer Assam and Arakan
Mir detected some signs of crack in the Ahom
allies
New king ...
INVASION OF MIR JUMLA : 1662
In Jan 1662 Mir occu Jagighopa and adv
on three fronts
N bank – Mir Jumla, S Bank – Sayyid
Kh...
TRIUMPHAL MARCH OF MIR JUMLA TO GARHGAON
Saraighat
Hajo
Beltala
Darrang
Garhgaon
Ahom King Jayadhwaj conc def at twin
stro...
TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT : 1663
Signed by Mir Jumla & Jayadhwaj
Dowry of 20,000 tolas gold, 1,20,000 tolas silver and 20 d...
EXPANSE OF TERRITORY : TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT
Signed by Mir Jumla & Jayadhwaj
Mughal emperor paid dowry of 20,000 tolas ...
EXPANSE OF TERRITORY : TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT
LACHIT BORPHUKAN
AND
THE BATTLE OF SARAIGHAT
AHOM KINGDOM – 1663 : POL & MIL CHANGES
King Jayadhwaj died and Chakradhwaj
took over
SaraighatJagighopa
KajaliHajo
Pandu
...
LACHIT BORPHUKAN
Born on 24 Nov 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua
Educated in humanities, mil tactics & holy
scriptures
Held v...
LACHIT BORPHUKAN
Born on 24 nov 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua
Educated in humanities, mil tactics & holy
scriptures
Held v...
Saraighat
Hajo
Beltala
Darrang
Garhgaon
Jagighopa
Kajali
Pandu
Sualkuchi
Samdhara
Simalugarh
Goalpara
Dhubri
Guwahati
Kali...
MUGHAL DEF - 1667
Umananda
Barnadi R
Rangamahal
Saraighat
Hajo
Itakhuli
Pandu
Latasil
Kajali
Guwahati
Sualkuchi
Shah Buruz...
LACHIT RECAPTURES GUWAHATI : 1667
Lachit made Kaliabor his base camp &
adv with two div
Umananda
Rangamahal
Saraighat
Itak...
Saraighat
Sualkuchi
Kaliabor
Hajo
Barnadi R
Umananda
Rangamahal
Pandu
Latasil
Kajali
Shah Buruz
Darrang
LACHIT RECAPTURES ...
DEF OF AHOMS
SARAIGHAT
Kalahi
Boko
Rangamahal
Hajo
Sualkuchi
Saraighat
Itakhuli
Pandu
Latasil
Shah Buruz
Brahmaputra R
Nag...
THE FINAL ATTK
Agiathuti
Kajali
Andharubali
Koolhati
Akul Ali
Sualkuchi Itakhuli
Pandu
Latasil
Shah Buruz
Hajo
Saraighat
R...
LESSONS LEARNT
Leadership
Trn analysis
Decision making
Delaying tactics
Planning and prep for war
Small team ops
JAI HIND
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Assamese mughal conflict

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This presentation is on the battles fought in the North East esp the areas adjoining Assam.One thing which we all should be aware is that the mighty mughals who had expanded their territory in each and every part of India filed to do so in the North East, The Mughals can never say that they had ruled NE because of the Assamese opposition they faced.

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Assamese mughal conflict

  1. 1. BATTLES IN THE NORTH EAST : 1615-67
  2. 2. PREVIEW Background : Ahom-Mughal conflicts First Ahom Mughal conflict : 1615 Lachit Borphukan & Battle of Saraighat Lessons learnt Ahom Mughal conflicts : 1636-1658 Invasion of Mir Jumla
  3. 3. NORTH EAST EMPIRES - 17TH CENTURY Mughal Empire Ahom Kingdom Jaintia Kingdom Kachari Kingdom Manipur Kingdom Koch Kingdom
  4. 4. BACKGROUND OF AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICTS Koch Kingdom 1587 – King Nara Narayana East Koch Kingdom – King Lakshimi Narayana West Koch Kingdom – Parikshit Narayana Rivalry betn East & West Koch Kingdom Alliance : East Koch– Mughals Indep West Koch Kingdom Mughal Empire Ahom Kingdom E Koch W Koch
  5. 5. Cooch Behar EXTENT OF EAST AND WEST KOCH KINGDOM East Koch Kingdom West Koch Kingdom Brahmaputra R Sankosh R Bharali R
  6. 6. Cooch Behar MUGHAL ATTK ON WEST KOCH KINGDOM : 1602 East Koch Kingdom West Koch Kingdom Brahmaputra R Sankosh R Bharali R Dhubri Mughals adv towards Dhubri under Ali Kuli Khan Mughal ally Lakshimi Narayana adv towards Dhubri Dhubri captured and Mughals occu West Koch Kingdom Parikshit Narayana imprisoned
  7. 7. FIRST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615 Dhubri Barzapur Manas R Pratap Singha of Ahom Dynasty and Bali Narayana formed alliance Bali Narayana brother of Parikshit took refuge with the Ahoms Mughal adv from East Koch Kingdom towards Ahom Kingdom 1st Ahom Mughal conflict begunHajo Mughal force mov from Barzapur to Hajo under Sayyid Baqr, Jamal Khan & Raja Satrajit of Bhusna Mughal HQ est at Hajo
  8. 8. FIRST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615 Hajo Kaliabor Sala Fort Nagaon Brahmaputra R Kajali Kajali under Ahom dynasty occu Mughals adv towards Kaliabor & Sala fort occu Ahoms strengthened def at Samdhara Fort Mughals adv to Samdhara Fort Tezpur Hajo Kajali Kaliabor
  9. 9. 1ST AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1615 Brahmaputra R Bharali R Samdhara Kaliabor Tezpur Hajo Kajali Kaliabor Tezpur Samdhara Mughal adv towards Samdhara across the Bharali R Ahoms repulsed the Mughals on the banks of Bharali R Sala Fort Mughals retreated and est fortifications on the other side of Bharali R Mughals another attempt to cross Bharali R successful
  10. 10. Brahmaputra R Bharali R Samdhara Kaliabor Tezpur Sala Fort LOST TERRITORIES REGAINED BY AHOMS : 1616 Addl Ahom forces sent to Samdhara Ahoms launched CA under Bella Bargohain Mughals under Aba Baqr taken by surprise and dislodged Mughals retreated to other side of Bharali R Three pronged attk launched across Bharali R Ahom hold est on both banks of Bharali R
  11. 11. FIRST AHOM MUGHAL CONFLICT : GAINS AND LOSSES Mughal cdr Aba Baqr killed by Bella Bargohain Raja Satrajit escaped 1700 killed , 3400 wounded & 900 captured Large caches -elephants , horses , war boats, swords and munitions captured New fort constr at Samdhara Ahoms territorial expanse upto Barnadi R
  12. 12. EXPANSE OF TERRITORIES AFTER FIRST CONFLICT Sankosh R Kaliabor Tezpur Brahmaputra R Nowmati Barnadi R Bharali R Hajo Pandu Kamrup Ahom Kingdom Mughal Empire
  13. 13. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636 Kaliabor Tezpur Brahmaputra R Nowmati Barnadi R Bharali R Hajo Bali Narayana attk Mughal outpost at Nowmati across Barnadi R Kenglai Chetia occu Hajo Abdus Sala Governor of Kamrup urged for rft from Bengal Viceroy Islam Khan Rft from Ghoraghat (present day Bangladesh) delayed Ahoms adv towards Saraighat and Pandu Pandu Saraighat Mughals suffered hvy cas
  14. 14. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636 Hajo Pandu Brahmaputra R Saraighat Ahoms captured Saraighat & Pandu Raja Satrajit at Pandu surrendered Mughal rft from Ghoraghat arr at Pandu Ahoms dislodged from Pandu and retreated to Saraighat Mughas under Zeinul Abidin recaptured Saraighat and Hajo
  15. 15. Hajo Pandu Brahmaputra R Saraighat AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636 Mughals plonged at Saraighat and Hajo under Zienul Abidin Raja Satrajit remained at Pandu but now became a spy of Ahoms Huge rft sent by Pratap Singha at Pandu both via land and water Raja Satrajit revealed Mughal dispositions to Ahoms Ahom def strengthened at Pandu Guwahati
  16. 16. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1636 Ahom navy launched ni attk at Saraighat Guwahati Goalpara Chunari Pandu Brahmaputra R Mughals retreated to Sualkuchi Pratap Singha wanted to free Kamrup from Mughals Mughals faced hvy defeat at Sualkuchi and Hajo Kamrup Hajo Saraighat Sualkuchi Ahoms captured areas upto Goalpara and Chunari along the S bank of Brahmaputra R The Ahoms est sovereignty on either banks of Brahmaputra R and in most parts of Kamrup
  17. 17. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637 Karaibari Hatisala Solmari Goalpara Dhubri Jagighopa In late dec rfts came for Mughals under Mir Zeinuddin and Allah Yar Khan Mughals attk Karaibari and HQ Hatisila ruled by Chandra Narayana Mughals then occu all Ahom fortifications upto Goalpara Mughals crossed the Brahmaputra R and reached Dhubri Ahoms def at Jagighopa strengthened to check Mughal adv Mughals occu Jagighopa Guwahati Brahmaputra R
  18. 18. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637 Goalpara Karaibari Hatisila Solmari Dhubri Jagighopa Guwahati Bhabhanipur Barnagar Bishnupur Kalapani By Apr 1637 Mughals reached Bishnupur capturing imp fortifications Ahom forces retreated to Kalapani under Bali Narayana Bali Narayana strengthened fortifications at Kalapani and with assistance from King Pratap Singha Brahmaputra R
  19. 19. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT-1637 Goalpara Karaibari Hatisila Solmari Dhubri Jagighopa Guwahati Barpeta Bhabhanipur Barnagar Bishnupur Kalapani Mughals under Md Zaman CA against the Ahoms Bali Narayana launched successive ni attks and recaptured Bishnupur , Barnagar and Bhabhanipur by 31 Oct On 01 Nov fierce battle fought betn Md Zaman & Bali Narayana at Barpeta Brahmaputra R
  20. 20. AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT : 1637-38 In Nov Mughal land forces under Md Zaman adv towards Hajo and captured it GuwahatiBrahmaputra R Barpeta Hajo Saraighat Pandu Kajali In Dec Mughal land forces and naval fleet under Masum Khan simultaneously attk Saraighat Ahom forces retreated to Pandu In Jan 1638 Mughals overran Pandu and captured Kajali fort Ahom survivors withdrew to Kaliabor under Momai Tamuli Mughal’s Aim – To capture Ahom capital Garhgaon overrunning Sala and Samdhara
  21. 21. EXPANSE OF TERRITORIES : 1638 Sankosh R Kaliabor Tezpur Brahmaputra R Nowmati Barnadi R Bharali R Hajo Pandu Kamrup Ahom Kingdom Mughal Empire
  22. 22. Brahmaputra R Bharali R Samdhara Kaliabor Tezpur Duiminisila AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1638 In Oct 1638 Mughals with Pran Narayana of East Koch kingdom adv to attk Samdhara The Mughal forces encamped at Duimunisila Meanwhile Momai Tamuli reorg his exhausted forces at Samdhara Mughals cautious of the previous defeat at Samdhara delayed the attk by a month and a half Momai Tamuli took the Mughals by surprise and attk them with full str
  23. 23. FINAL AHOM-MUGHAL CONFLICT - 1638 Brahmaputra R Duiminisila Kaliabor Kajali Guwahati Barnadi R Tezpur Bharali R In Nov 1638 after three days naval battle in Duimunisila with Ahoms, Mughal under Md Zaman and Mir Zeinuddin retreated to Kajali Ahoms overran Mughals at Kajali and reached Guwahati in pursuit of the Mughals Peace Treaty of Asurar Ali signed betn the Allah Yar Khan Governor of Kamrup and Momai Tamuli
  24. 24. Brahmaputra R Duiminisila Kaliabor Kajali Tezpur Bharali R Asurar TREATY OF ASURAR ALI - 1639 Guwahati Barnadi R The treaty fixed the Barnadi R in the north and Asurar in the south of Brahmaputra R as bdy betn Ahoms and Mughals Kamrup Ahoms
  25. 25. COLD WAR PD : 1639- 58 Violation of pers freedom of subjects Mughal capital shifted from Hajo to Guwahati Pratap Singha died in 1641, Jayadhwaj Singha – new king Resumption of trade Diplomatic correspondence betn Momai Tamuli and Allah Yar Khan showing gestures of peace Mughals Khedah ops in Darrang Extradition of political offenders Evidently the Treaty of Asurar Ali was honoured more in its breach than obs
  26. 26. Mughal Empire Ahom Kingdom W Koch Mughals overthrown from Kamrup RENEWAL OF CONFLICT Entire territory betn the Barnadi R & Sankosh R under Ahom rule Kamrup Kamrup – Bone of contention betn Ahoms and Mughals Shah Jahan’s illness and Shuja’s absence from Bengal Ahoms under Tangchu and the West Koch Kingdom under Jaya Narayana attk Mughal Kamrup Aurangzeb appt Mir Jumla as the new Governor of Bengal
  27. 27. INVASION OF MIR JUMLA Mir tasked to conquer Assam and Arakan Mir detected some signs of crack in the Ahom allies New king of Kamrup Jaya narayana - deserted the Ahoms Jaya Narayana apprised sit of Kamrup and Assam to Mir Mir deputed Rashid Khan against Ahoms
  28. 28. INVASION OF MIR JUMLA : 1662 In Jan 1662 Mir occu Jagighopa and adv on three fronts N bank – Mir Jumla, S Bank – Sayyid Khan SaraighatJagighopa KajaliHajo Pandu Sualkuchi Beltala Darrang Samdhara Simalugarh Garhgaon Goalpara Dhubri Guwahati N Bank – Hajo, Sualkuchi, Saraighat & Darrang captured S bank –Guwahati, Pandu, Beltala & Kajali Mughals adv further east towards Ahom capital Garhgaon
  29. 29. TRIUMPHAL MARCH OF MIR JUMLA TO GARHGAON Saraighat Hajo Beltala Darrang Garhgaon Ahom King Jayadhwaj conc def at twin strongholds Mughals encircled Simalugarh & captured Jagighopa Kajali Pandu Sualkuchi Samdhara Simalugarh Goalpara Dhubri Guwahati Withdrawal of Ahom forces at Samdhara In Mar 1662 Garhgaon was captured Treaty of Ghilajharighat signed on 23 Jan 1663 Kaliabor Namrup
  30. 30. TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT : 1663 Signed by Mir Jumla & Jayadhwaj Dowry of 20,000 tolas gold, 1,20,000 tolas silver and 20 dressed elephants An yearly war indemenity of 30,000 tolas silver and 90 elephants Pay annual tribute of 20 elephants at Guwahati Return areas from Manas R to Guwahati Cede areas of Kamrup to Mughals Send four hostages, one each from the royal family of Ahoms Release captives of Mughal Kamrup
  31. 31. EXPANSE OF TERRITORY : TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT Signed by Mir Jumla & Jayadhwaj Mughal emperor paid dowry of 20,000 tolas gold, 1,20,000 tolas silver and 20 dressed elephants Ahoms paid yearly war indemenity of 30,000 tolas silver and 90 elephants Pay annual tribute of 20 elephants at Guwahati Return areas from Manas R to Guwahati Cede areas of Kamrup to Mughals Send four hostages, one each from the royal family of Ahoms Release captives of Mughal Kamrup Bharali R Sankosh R Manas R
  32. 32. EXPANSE OF TERRITORY : TREATY OF GHILAJHARIGHAT
  33. 33. LACHIT BORPHUKAN AND THE BATTLE OF SARAIGHAT
  34. 34. AHOM KINGDOM – 1663 : POL & MIL CHANGES King Jayadhwaj died and Chakradhwaj took over SaraighatJagighopa KajaliHajo Pandu Sualkuchi Beltala Darrang Samdhara Simalugarh Garhgaon Goalpara Dhubri Guwahati Jaintia Kingdom Kachari Kingdom Diplomatic talks with Jaintia & Kachari kingdoms Lachit Deka Borphukan appt as the chief of Ahom Forces Mughal Empire Ahom Kingdom Atan Borhogohain appt as Prime Minister
  35. 35. LACHIT BORPHUKAN Born on 24 Nov 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua Educated in humanities, mil tactics & holy scriptures Held various other imp appts before appt as Ahom Army Gen Strengthened the Ahom Army Clever diplomat and great mil ldr with unusual grit, will power, stamina and depth of judgement “If you (the soldiers) want to flee, flee. The king has given me a task here and I will do it well. Let the Mughals take me away. You rep to the king that his Gen fought well fwg his orders.” Ardent patriot as Chatrapati Shivaji
  36. 36. LACHIT BORPHUKAN Born on 24 nov 1622 to Momai Tamuli Borbarua Educated in humanities, mil tactics & holy scriptures Held various other imp appts before appt as Ahom Army Gen Strengthened the Ahom Army Clever diplomat and great mil ldr with unusual grit, will power, stamina and depth of judgement “If you (the soldiers) want to flee, flee. The king has given me a task here and I will do it well. Let the Mughals take me away. You rep to the king that his Gen fought well fwg his orders.” Ardent patriot
  37. 37. Saraighat Hajo Beltala Darrang Garhgaon Jagighopa Kajali Pandu Sualkuchi Samdhara Simalugarh Goalpara Dhubri Guwahati Kaliabor LACHIT PREP HIS ARMY FOR WAR : 1663-1667 Incr in food production New fortifications at Samdhara, Simalugarh & Kaliabor New war vessels constr & fitted with cannons Mfg of arms and amn under pers supervision Rd along Brahmaputra R from Kaliabor to capital Garhgaon duly guarded Indn of new rects Rehearsals of battle drills
  38. 38. MUGHAL DEF - 1667 Umananda Barnadi R Rangamahal Saraighat Hajo Itakhuli Pandu Latasil Kajali Guwahati Sualkuchi Shah Buruz Brahmaputra R Darrang Ahom forces under Lachit adv towards Guwahati
  39. 39. LACHIT RECAPTURES GUWAHATI : 1667 Lachit made Kaliabor his base camp & adv with two div Umananda Rangamahal Saraighat Itakhuli Pandu Latasil Kajali Sualkuchi Shah Buruz Darrang Kaliabor Hajo Brahmaputra R N div – Atan Borhagohain S div – Nausilia Phukan Barnadi R N div pushed Mughals across Barnadi R S div dislodged Mughals upto Itakhuli Umananda Rangamahal Pandu Latasil Kajali Shah Buruz Darrang
  40. 40. Saraighat Sualkuchi Kaliabor Hajo Barnadi R Umananda Rangamahal Pandu Latasil Kajali Shah Buruz Darrang LACHIT RECAPTURES GUWAHATI : 1667 ItakhuliItakhuli Saraighat Sualkuchi Hajo Manas R Mughals pushed beyond Manas R In Nov 1667 Itakhuli captured Brahmaputra R
  41. 41. DEF OF AHOMS SARAIGHAT Kalahi Boko Rangamahal Hajo Sualkuchi Saraighat Itakhuli Pandu Latasil Shah Buruz Brahmaputra R Nagarberra Manas R HQ Guwahati – Lachit Borphukan N sector – Atan Borhagohain S sector – Lahan Hazarika Ram Singh commissioned as Mughal Gen against Ahoms who adv upto Hajo Fortifications at Saraighat strengthened Region upto Manas R strengthened
  42. 42. THE FINAL ATTK Agiathuti Kajali Andharubali Koolhati Akul Ali Sualkuchi Itakhuli Pandu Latasil Shah Buruz Hajo Saraighat Rangamahal Mughals beseiged Agiathuti, Saraighat and Rangmahal on the N bank Naval forces adv towards Saraighat and est forts just short of Ahom cannon fire Mughals encircled by Ahoms, retreated to Hajo Ram Singh adv on the S bank and invested Pandu Monsoons began and the Mughals retreated to Sualkuchi Rft for Ahoms arr at Sarighat from Samdhara
  43. 43. LESSONS LEARNT Leadership Trn analysis Decision making Delaying tactics Planning and prep for war Small team ops
  44. 44. JAI HIND

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