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1
Tour Guiding Series
Impacts of tourism
Dr. Nimit Chowdhary
Professor
Indian Institute of Tourism
and Travel Management
2
Tour Guiding Series
Agenda
• Impacts of tourism
• Sources of impacts
– Tourist impacts
– Destination impacts
3
Tour Guiding Series
7 categories of tourism impacts
Economic impacts
Environmental impacts
Social and cultural impact...
4
Tour Guiding Series
• Contributes to income and standard of
living
• Improves local economy
• Increases employment oppor...
5
Tour Guiding Series
• Increases prices of goods and services
• Increases price of land and housing
• Increases cost of l...
6
Tour Guiding Series
• Protection of selected natural
environments or prevention of further
ecological decline
• Preserva...
7
Tour Guiding Series
• Pollution (air, water, noise, solid waste and
visual)
• Loss of natural landscape and agricultural...
8
Tour Guiding Series
• Improves quality of life
• Facilitates meeting visitors (educational
experience)
• Positive change...
9
Tour Guiding Series
• Excessive drinking, alcoholism, gambling
• Increased underage drinking
• Crimes, drugs, prostituti...
10
Tour Guiding Series
• Minimizes sprawl
• Concentrates tourist facilities
• Old buildings reused for tourism
11
Tour Guiding Series
• Congestion including interference with
other businesses
• Overcrowding- exceeding area capacity
•...
12
Tour Guiding Series
• Increases availability of recreation facilities
and opportunities
• Better standard of services b...
13
Tour Guiding Series
• Neglect of non-tourist recreation facilities
• Effects of competition
• Shortage of goods and ser...
14
Tour Guiding Series
• Additional state and local sales tax
revenues
• Lodging tax revenue to city (or state)
• Service ...
15
Tour Guiding Series
• Increases property taxes
16
Tour Guiding Series
• Heightens pride in community
• Greater appreciation of local resources
• More facilities and rang...
17
Tour Guiding Series
• Heightens community divisiveness
• Increasingly hectic community and
personal life
• Creates a ph...
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13 impacts of tourism

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  • DOWNLOAD FULL BOOKS, INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ,DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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13 impacts of tourism

  1. 1. 1 Tour Guiding Series Impacts of tourism Dr. Nimit Chowdhary Professor Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management
  2. 2. 2 Tour Guiding Series Agenda • Impacts of tourism • Sources of impacts – Tourist impacts – Destination impacts
  3. 3. 3 Tour Guiding Series 7 categories of tourism impacts Economic impacts Environmental impacts Social and cultural impacts Crowding and congestion Services Taxes Community attitude
  4. 4. 4 Tour Guiding Series • Contributes to income and standard of living • Improves local economy • Increases employment opportunities • Improves investment, development and infrastructure spending • Increases tax revenues • Improves public utilities infrastructure • Improves transport infrastructure • Increases opportunities for shopping • Economic impact (direct, indirect and induced spending) is wide spread in the community • Creates new business opportunities
  5. 5. 5 Tour Guiding Series • Increases prices of goods and services • Increases price of land and housing • Increases cost of living • Increases potential for imported labour • Cost for additional infrastructure (water, sever, power, fuel, medical, etc.) • Increases road maintenance and transportation systems costs • Seasonal tourism creates high-risk, under- or unemployment issues • Competition for land (higher value) with other economic uses • Profits may be exported by non-local owners • Jobs may pay low wages
  6. 6. 6 Tour Guiding Series • Protection of selected natural environments or prevention of further ecological decline • Preservation of historic buildings and monuments • Improvement of area’s appearance (visual and aesthetic) • A “clean” industry (no smoke stacks)
  7. 7. 7 Tour Guiding Series • Pollution (air, water, noise, solid waste and visual) • Loss of natural landscape and agricultural lands to tourism development • Loss of open space • Destruction of flora and fauna (including collection of plants, animals, rocks, corals, or artifacts by or for tourists) • Degradation of landscape, historic sites, and monuments • Water shortages • Introduction of exotic species • Disruption of wildlife breeding cycles and behaviours
  8. 8. 8 Tour Guiding Series • Improves quality of life • Facilitates meeting visitors (educational experience) • Positive changes in customs and values • Promotes cultural exchange • Improves understanding of different communities • Preserves cultural identity of host population • Increases demand for historical and cultural exhibits • Greater tolerance for social differences • Satisfaction of psychological needs
  9. 9. 9 Tour Guiding Series • Excessive drinking, alcoholism, gambling • Increased underage drinking • Crimes, drugs, prostitution • Increased smuggling • Language and cultural effects • Unwanted lifestyle changes • Displacement of residents for tourism development • Negative changes in values and customs • Family disruption • Exclusion of locals from natural resources • New cliques modify social structure • Natural, political and public relations calamities
  10. 10. 10 Tour Guiding Series • Minimizes sprawl • Concentrates tourist facilities • Old buildings reused for tourism
  11. 11. 11 Tour Guiding Series • Congestion including interference with other businesses • Overcrowding- exceeding area capacity • Conflict • Overpowering building size and style
  12. 12. 12 Tour Guiding Series • Increases availability of recreation facilities and opportunities • Better standard of services by shops, restaurants, and other commerce • Improves quality of fire protection • Improves quality of police protection
  13. 13. 13 Tour Guiding Series • Neglect of non-tourist recreation facilities • Effects of competition • Shortage of goods and services • Increases pressure on infrastructure
  14. 14. 14 Tour Guiding Series • Additional state and local sales tax revenues • Lodging tax revenue to city (or state) • Service tax revenues • Increased income tax payers
  15. 15. 15 Tour Guiding Series • Increases property taxes
  16. 16. 16 Tour Guiding Series • Heightens pride in community • Greater appreciation of local resources • More facilities and range of choices available • More interesting and exciting place to live
  17. 17. 17 Tour Guiding Series • Heightens community divisiveness • Increasingly hectic community and personal life • Creates a phony folk culture • Residents experience sense of exclusion and alienation over planning and development concerns • Feeling of loss control over community future ( caused by outsider development) • New building styles fail to “fit” community

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