Comparative Study between Indian and Western Education
Indian and Western
Western Education System
Education System in United States
Salient Features of Indian Education
Salient Features of U.S Education
Comparison between the two
The Results of our Survey
India has a long history of organized education.
The Gurukul system of education in which
students were taught orally and the knowledge
was passed from one generation to the next.
The first millennium and the few centuries
preceding it saw the flourishing of higher
education at Nalanda, Takshashila University,
Ujjain, & Vikramshila Universities.
Art, Architecture, Painting, Logic, mathematics,
Grammar, Philosophy, Astronomy, Literature,
Buddhism, Hinduism, Arthashastra (Economics
& Politics), Law, and Medicine were among the
Under British Rule
East India Company, with its policy of maximizing land
revenue, discarded the traditional educational Systems
and thus starved the Indian education system of its
The British established many colleges like St. Xavier's
College, Sydenham College, Wilson College and
Elphinstone College in India.
In 1901 the literacy rate in India was only about 5%
though by Independence it was nearly 20%("Literacy
Scenario in India (1901–1991) Report")
Education in India falls under the control of both the Union
Government and the states,
with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the
states having autonomy for others.
The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for
education as a fundamental right
Most universities in India are Union or State Government
Education system in India can be divided mainly into
It consists of children of 3-5 years of age studying in nursery, lower kindergarten and upper
kindergarten. At this stage student is given knowledge about school life and is taught to read
and write some basic words.
It includes the age group of children of 6-11 years studying in classes from first to fifth.
It includes students studying in classes ninth and tenth.
Includes students studying in eleventh and twelfth classes.
Here, a student goes through higher education, which is completed in college. This course
may vary according to the subject pursued by the student. For medical student this stage is of
four and a half years plus one year of compulsory internship, while a simple graduate degree
can be attained in three years.
After completing graduation a student may opt for post graduation to further add to his
Education Governing Bodies
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
The Council of Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE).
The State Government Boards
The National Open School.
The International School.
Education is mainly provided by the public sector, with control and funding
coming from three levels:
Federal State and Local
School curricula, funding, teaching, employment, and other policies are set
through locally elected school boards with jurisdiction over school districts
with many directives from state legislatures.
Educational standards and standardized testing decisions are usually made by
Main stages in Education
system of U.S.A
Elementary education ( Primary Education)
education in India
one in the US
In India, from the elementary classes itself the stress is given more
on memorizing concepts like memorizing the table of number till
15 , various algorithms to add multiply numbers etc.
In US the stress in given more on logical and rational thinking
which in turns lays the foundation of independent and lateral
The American school system lays stress on individual ability
development and encourages
kids to express themselves and their opinions from an early
age. As a result, most
Americans are way better at getting their point across as
compared to people from other
In the Indian system, individuals are not asked to stand up in
front of the whole class and
recite something. Instead, the whole class reads books out
aloud together in unison. This
allows more timid students to participate and overcome their
Elective subjects for all levels in US
The semester system is widely adopted in India with a final exam at the end of each
semester that accounts for around 75-80% of the total marks. The remaining 20-25%
is awarded in frequent session tests, 2-3 in number per semester. Indian colleges
follow a strict examination pattern common for all.
American institutions have a different evaluation system. Students are tested
throughout the semester in midterms and the marks distribution
(which is more or less even) is in the hands of teacher. Hence, there is nothing like a
final test and one must be sound in the subject throughout. Some tests may even be
comprehensive and it is the teacher who sets the rules of the test,
Assignments are not that common in India as
compared to US where these have significant
value and can help the student in improving
the overall score. Students are given
assignments regularly, maybe weekly or after
every fifteen days.
Indian teachers are not terribly enthusiastic
about giving assignments and like to judge
their students by the session tests
Group as well as individual projects are weighted heavily in
US. These are accountable for 20-40% of the grade. This is for
the practical implementation of the subject. Group comprises
of 2-5 member as per the requirement of the project.
Indian students too have to submit projects, but mainly in the
final years of their courses. Projects are not part of curriculum
in every semester but only the final year whereas US
educational institutions, have plenty of these
The GPA (grade point average) system is widely used in American educational
institutions, while in India they’re not popular yet.
Indian systems stick to percentage marks obtained whereas in GPA relative marking
is implemented and student is provided a grade point on the scale of 4 or 5.
It helps the student to evaluate where does he/she stand with respect to rest of the
Few Indian institutes too have switched to this system on the scale of 10,
The American college education system is industry-oriented and
hence, is structured so that it
produces people who can do a certain type of job efficiently. So it
is like a custom-design factory
which produces engineers/workers who can do one or two jobs
very well but require massive
retraining if they have to do something new.
In contrast, the education in India (and Europe) is more towards
teaching the basic concepts and a
broader mass of information. The products of this education
The Results of our Survey
We created a Google form having about 6 Multiple
Choice Question to get the
opinion of the students regarding education system
in India and the west.
The form was circulated through email to all the
contacts we knew i.e to about
About 237 people gave response to the form.
Suggest ways to improve Indian
Focus should be on research facilities .
In a holistic manner both teacher & student can enjoy their part respectively.
More freedom in choosing courses at an earlier stage in life should be given.
Hiking pay scale of teachers and inviting foreign teachers to India
by giving better salaries...
Don't force students to go for particular professional degree,
let them make their own choice .
Practical approach should be used while teaching as well as studying.
Flexibility to choose the major degree should be there.