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(1) Dead Load
(2) Live Load
(3) Wind Load
(4) Snow Load
(5) Load due to rain
(6) Earthquake Load
Material / Structure Weight
Brick Masonry walls : 10 cm thick 192 kg/m3
Roof G.I sheet : 0.50 mm thick 5 kg/m3
Plain Cement Concrete (P.C.C) 2300 kg/m3
Reinforced Cement Concrete
(R.C.C)
2400 kg/m3
Bricks 1600-1920 kg/m3
Lime stone 2400-2640 kg/m3
Sand Stone 2240-2400 kg/m3
Timber 650-720 kg/m3
Steel 7850 kg/m3
Sand 1760-2000 kg/m3
Cement 1440 kg/m3
Water (Fresh) 1000 kg/m3
Cement Plaster, 25mm thick 52 kg/m2
Types of Building Minimum live load
Dwelling houses, hospital, hostels 200
Office floors, floors of light work
rooms
250-400
Floors of banks, offices and other
public buildings
300
Shop floors, reading rooms, art
galleries, light garages
400
Workshop floors, warehouses,
dancing halls, waiting halls,
assembly halls, cinemas,
restaurants, gymnasia
500
Floors of warehouses, factories and
workshops (medium weight)
750
Floors of warehouses, factories and
workshops (heavy weight)
1000
No of floors carried by a member
under consideration
% reduction of total live load on
all floors above the member
under consideration
1 0
2 10
3 20
4 30
5 to 10 40
Above 10 50
P = kV2
p kg/M2
V km/hr
k
0.0006
Loads  acting on buildings
Loads  acting on buildings
Loads  acting on buildings

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Loads acting on buildings

  • 1.
  • 2. (1) Dead Load (2) Live Load (3) Wind Load (4) Snow Load (5) Load due to rain (6) Earthquake Load
  • 3.
  • 4. Material / Structure Weight Brick Masonry walls : 10 cm thick 192 kg/m3 Roof G.I sheet : 0.50 mm thick 5 kg/m3 Plain Cement Concrete (P.C.C) 2300 kg/m3 Reinforced Cement Concrete (R.C.C) 2400 kg/m3 Bricks 1600-1920 kg/m3 Lime stone 2400-2640 kg/m3 Sand Stone 2240-2400 kg/m3 Timber 650-720 kg/m3 Steel 7850 kg/m3 Sand 1760-2000 kg/m3 Cement 1440 kg/m3 Water (Fresh) 1000 kg/m3 Cement Plaster, 25mm thick 52 kg/m2
  • 5.
  • 6. Types of Building Minimum live load Dwelling houses, hospital, hostels 200 Office floors, floors of light work rooms 250-400 Floors of banks, offices and other public buildings 300 Shop floors, reading rooms, art galleries, light garages 400 Workshop floors, warehouses, dancing halls, waiting halls, assembly halls, cinemas, restaurants, gymnasia 500 Floors of warehouses, factories and workshops (medium weight) 750 Floors of warehouses, factories and workshops (heavy weight) 1000
  • 7. No of floors carried by a member under consideration % reduction of total live load on all floors above the member under consideration 1 0 2 10 3 20 4 30 5 to 10 40 Above 10 50
  • 8.
  • 9. P = kV2 p kg/M2 V km/hr k 0.0006