Country presentation nepal


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Political and civil society history of Nepal

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Country presentation nepal

  1. 1. MAINS Tutorial - Country presentation -by Nilima Raut
  2. 2. Anglo- Nepalese War (1814-16)
  3. 3.  Total Population: 29,959,364 Natural Increase: 1.8% Density: 209 Inhabitants/km² Urban Population: 18.2% Ethnic Origins: Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8%. Official Language: Nepali Other Languages Spoken: Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Magar, Awadhi, Many other local languages. Business Language(s): English Religion: Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, Others 0.9%. Literacy Rate: 48.6%
  4. 4.  ca. 563 B.C.Buddha born in Lumbini; 1743 to 1775 King Prithvi Narayan Shah and united Nepal  1814-1816The Anglo-Nepalese War and the resulting Treaty of Sagauli reduces the territory of Nepal.  1846Jang Bahadur Rana takes over as prime minister and establishes hereditary Rana rule.
  5. 5.  1946 The Nepali Congress Party is founded. 1947 The United States establishes diplomatic relations with Nepal. Embassies of USSR (1958) and United States (1959) 1948The countrys first constitution, the Government of Nepal Act 1951 King Tribhuvan is restored to the throne; 1955 after king Tribhuvan Mahendra takes over direct control , Nepal joins the United Nations; National Police Force is formed;
  6. 6.  Mahendra was made a British Field Marshal in 1960. He implemented a land reform policy, which provided land to many landless people. Mahendra died with a heart attack while hunting in Chitwan with Tiger Tops Hotel. It is believed that his death was a conspiracy of CIA as John Coapman who was also proprietor of Chitwan with Tiger Tops Hotel was associated with the CIA at the time, who reported in 1977 that Mahendra died in his arms after eating dinner "on shikar"
  7. 7.  The 1990 Peoples Movement – 1 (Jana Andolan)) was a multiparty movement in Nepal that brought an end to absolute monarchy and the beginning of constitutional democracy. It also eliminated the Panchayat system. 1990–1996: Parliamentary monarchy King Birendra, in 1990, agreed to large-scale political reforms by creating a parliamentary monarchy with the king as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of the government.
  8. 8.  1996: Maoist insurgency ( to 2006) In February 1996, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) began a violent insurgency in more than 50 of the countrys 75 districts. About 13,000 police, civilians, and insurgents had been killed in the conflict since 1996.
  9. 9. 2001: Royal massacre – a dark history of nepalThe killing of Royal family
  10. 10.  People movement -2 The 2006 Democracy Movement (Nepali: Loktantrik Āndolan) is a namegiven to the political agitations against the direct and undemocratic rule of King Gyanendra.
  11. 11.  2005–2007: Suspension of parliament and Loktantra Andolan On 1 February 2005 King Gyanendra suspended the Parliament, appointed a government led by himself, and enforced martial law. December 2007 to May 2008: Abolition of the monarchy On 23 December 2007, an agreement was made for the monarchy to be abolished and the country to become a federal republic with the Prime Minister becoming head of state.
  12. 12.  Gyanendra Shah (born 7 July 1947) is the deposed King of Nepal. During his life, he has held the title of the King twice: first between 1950 and 1951 as a child when his grandfather Tribhuvan was forced into exile in India with the rest of his family; and from 2001 to 2008, following the Nepalese royal massacre.
  13. 13.  Party Seats Nepali Congress 133, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) 84 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist- Leninist) 83 Rashtriya Prajatantra Party 9 Nepal Sadbhavana Party (Anandi Devi) 5 Janamorcha Nepal 4 Nepal Workers Peasants Party 4 Rashtriya Jana Morcha 3 United Left Front 2 Communist Party of Nepal (Unified) 2 Rashtriya Janashakti Party 1
  14. 14.  Volunteer work  Cash inflow from charitable donations  Institutionalization of modern civil service organizations USAID’s arrival 1951 and development 1948 , 1952, Swiss Government Registration of societies act 1959 National coordination body for NGOs 1977(Social Services National Coordination Council (SSNCC) in 1997)
  15. 15.  37 NGOs registration with SSNCC Between 1984 to 1987 foreign aid as a percentage of GNP from under 8 percent to almost 13 percent By 1990 there were 220 NGOs registered with the SSNCC along with 52 international NGOs (INGOs) In 1997, new legislation , NGOs were required to renew their registration on an annual basis, and provide activity reports and audited financial reports. Social Welfare Act 2049 BS
  16. 16.  By 2000, $5.2 billion development assistance- the highest per capita ratio of any south Asian countries Over 11,000 NGOS had been registered by 2000 30,000 NGOs by July 2010 2011Poverty headcount ratioat national poverty line(% of population)25.2%
  17. 17.  Nepal is one of the 189 countries committed to the MDGs Proportion of population living on less than US$ 1 per day (PPP) (%) – 19.7 percent Net enrolment rate in primary education (%) - 93.7 Future of NGOSs