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HOA_2 LECTURE.pdf

The document describes the traditional houses of various ethnic groups in the Cordillera region of northern Luzon in the Philippines. The houses vary in size, shape, and design according to the terrain and needs of protection, but generally have structures made of wood and bamboo with thatched roofs. They serve functions of shelter, storage, and defense. The Isneg have boat-shaped houses elevated above the ground. The Kalinga have square and octagonal houses built without nails. The Bontoc have compartmentalized houses built directly on the ground. The Ifugao have elevated square houses under steep roofs. The Kankanay have elevated square houses on posts like the Bontoc.

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HOA_2 LECTURE.pdf
✓Vary in size and shape
✓Common functions
• Provision of shelter from cold
• Protection from dampness and humidity (w/c can destroy
grains)
• Offers defense / protection from hostile tribesman, wild
animals, and vermin
• Homes are designed in relation to terrain to mountains
- ISNEG – KALINGA – BONTOC – IFUGAO - KANKANAY
HOA_2 LECTURE.pdf
✓ The Isneg, also Isnag or Apayao, live at the northwesterly end of northern Luzon, in the
upper half of the Cordillera province of Apayao
✓ The term “Isneg” derives from a combination of “is” meaning “recede” and “uneg”
meaning “interior.” Thus, it means “people who have gone into the interior.”
✓ The Isneg House
Binuron, built slightly
above the ground, is
also a one-room
dwelling like the fale
but has more light and
is bigger. Its bamboo
layered, gable roof
ensembles an inverted
boat, a design unique
to the Isneg who are
boatbuilders.
HOA_2 LECTURE.pdf

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HOA_2 LECTURE.pdf

  • 2. ✓Vary in size and shape ✓Common functions • Provision of shelter from cold • Protection from dampness and humidity (w/c can destroy grains) • Offers defense / protection from hostile tribesman, wild animals, and vermin • Homes are designed in relation to terrain to mountains - ISNEG – KALINGA – BONTOC – IFUGAO - KANKANAY
  • 4. ✓ The Isneg, also Isnag or Apayao, live at the northwesterly end of northern Luzon, in the upper half of the Cordillera province of Apayao ✓ The term “Isneg” derives from a combination of “is” meaning “recede” and “uneg” meaning “interior.” Thus, it means “people who have gone into the interior.”
  • 5. ✓ The Isneg House Binuron, built slightly above the ground, is also a one-room dwelling like the fale but has more light and is bigger. Its bamboo layered, gable roof ensembles an inverted boat, a design unique to the Isneg who are boatbuilders.
  • 7. ✓ Kalinga houses are of two shapes, the octagonal house and the square house ✓ The Kalinga house gives the impression to be nothing but a square and octagonal mesokurtic structure resting on four and twelve posts ✓ It is constructed out of carefully selected indigenous timbers that are strongly mortised, attached, and handled to hold the house together. In its entirety, no nails are used for all connections
  • 8. SQUARE HOUSE (VULINAW OR PINALTONG) ✓ The poor man’s dwelling among the Kalinga with four main posts erected directly at the corner. ✓ Square house is compact, sophisticated and deceptive in its simplicity. ✓ These square houses might on statistical grounds alone be called the "typical" Kalinga house, it is elevated to about shoulder height by four posts (tu’ud), around which are fitted cylindrical or square stone ratguards.
  • 9. SQUARE HOUSE (VULINAW OR PINALTONG)
  • 10. SQUARE HOUSE (VULINAW OR PINALTONG)
  • 11. OCTAGONAL HOUSE (GILITOD/FINARYON) ✓ binayon/finaryon, house - The traditional house in an octagonal layout or plan. In Apayao, this house is called binuron. ✓ It is the dwelling of wealthy families or the aristocratic class and this type of traditional house could only be found in some part of Tanudan, Tinglayan and Lubuagan. ✓ The octagonal house which is larger and older than the square house is made possible by 12 short posts.
  • 14. AFUNG HOUSE ✓ Afung is the Bontoc house for married couples and children up to eight years old. ✓ Afung is one of the houses in the Cordillera that is built directly on the ground and its ground space serving as the main living and working areas. ✓ The traditional type of house in Bontoc, Mountain Province comprised of perimeter wooden walls enclosed in an open living space, and central granaries. It is covered by a steep, thick roof that is almost covering the perimeter wall.
  • 15. BARBAREY VILLAGE ✓ Barbarey Village – The village usually consists of ator (men‟s meeting place), afong (houses), pabafunan (boy‟s dormitory), chap-ay (open space with flat stone in circular layout), and ahkamang (rice granary)
  • 17. Li-im, eating area • The most spacious in the house since it contains only an elevated stick rack (patyay) suspended on the wall, and the water jar (panannom) in one corner Tap-an, pounding area • The section of the house with stone pavement and a pounding hole where the task of pounding rice is done. Ang-an, sleeping area • The area utilized for sleeping with atag (reed mat) as bed for the couple and children up to eight years old. Falig, granary Soklut, cooking area
  • 19. BALE / FALE VILLAGE ✓ The traditional lfugao housei an elevated square and windowless one- room structure dominated by a high, heavy, pyramidal roof. ✓ The exterior of the house seems to be nothing but a pyramid resting on four posts, while the interior space is enclosed by slanting walls and ceiling that appears to be spherical that are formed by the loft.
  • 23. "Kankanay", also "Kankanai," "Kankana-i" or "Kankana-ey," has no definite etymological derivation.It refers to the culture, the language, and the people who lived together with a neighboring groupcalled Ibaloy, comprise the Igorot of Benguet (the southernmost province of the Cordillera region). These communities appear to have existed long before the coming of the Spaniards to the archipelago.
  • 24. ✓ baey/babayan, house An elevated, square, one-room house of the Kankanay and lbaloi, with four thick posts supporting a timber upper floor and steep hip type roof of cogon grass. The lower end of the roof flared out similar to the roof of the Bontocs and Kalingas houses. ✓ Traditionally, Kankanay village was set on the hump of the hill whose elevation afforded a naturaldefensive advantage to neighboring groups BAEY / BABAYAN