Factors Affecting
Language Learning
Strategies
Nik Mohd Syamil Bin Nik Rasdin
A143847
AGE
Primary School Student

METACOGNITIVE
Secondary Student

COGNITIVE
University Student

METACOGNITIVE
Old Student

METACOGNITIVE
GENDER
Gender effect on the use of strategy
◦ Wharton (2000)
 Females tend to be superior in verbal aptitude
and social orientat...
MOTIVATION
MOTIVATION
" A creative man is motivated by the
desire to achieve, not by the desire to
beat others.“
◦ Oxford and Nyikos ...


Motivation affected the learner’s
choices of strategies the most strongly
of all the factors.
◦ Mochizuki (1999) and Wh...
ATTITUDE
Attitude plays an important role in LLS
 Learners bring their
belief, goals, attitudes and decisions
to learning, and the...
LEARNING
STYLE
Visual Learner
Study by seeing pictures
 Can remember things easier by using
charts
 Can hardly focus when studying by
n...
Auditory Learner
Auditory learners learn best by
hearing information
 have strong language skills, which
include a well-d...
Kinesthetic Learner
Learn best by moving their
bodies, activating their large or small
muscles
 Often wiggle, tap their f...


Individual’s learning styles
preferences influence the type of LLS
they use
◦ (Ehrman and Oxford, 1990 ; RossiLe, 1995;...
THANK
YOU!
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Factors Affecting LLS

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Factors Affecting LLS

  1. 1. Factors Affecting Language Learning Strategies Nik Mohd Syamil Bin Nik Rasdin A143847
  2. 2. AGE
  3. 3. Primary School Student METACOGNITIVE
  4. 4. Secondary Student COGNITIVE
  5. 5. University Student METACOGNITIVE
  6. 6. Old Student METACOGNITIVE
  7. 7. GENDER
  8. 8. Gender effect on the use of strategy ◦ Wharton (2000)  Females tend to be superior in verbal aptitude and social orientation and thus tend to create more opportunities for interacting with other people than do their male counterparts ◦ Ehrman and Oxford (1988: 260) 
  9. 9. MOTIVATION
  10. 10. MOTIVATION " A creative man is motivated by the desire to achieve, not by the desire to beat others.“ ◦ Oxford and Nyikos (1989)  " A creative man is motivated by the desire to achieve, not by the desire to beat others.“ ◦ (Ayn Rand) 
  11. 11.  Motivation affected the learner’s choices of strategies the most strongly of all the factors. ◦ Mochizuki (1999) and Wharton’s (2000)
  12. 12. ATTITUDE
  13. 13. Attitude plays an important role in LLS  Learners bring their belief, goals, attitudes and decisions to learning, and these influence how they approach their learning.  ◦ Gardner and Miller (2002)
  14. 14. LEARNING STYLE
  15. 15. Visual Learner Study by seeing pictures  Can remember things easier by using charts  Can hardly focus when studying by not looking 
  16. 16. Auditory Learner Auditory learners learn best by hearing information  have strong language skills, which include a well-developed vocabulary and an appreciation for words.  can remember conversation they heard quite accurately 
  17. 17. Kinesthetic Learner Learn best by moving their bodies, activating their large or small muscles  Often wiggle, tap their feet, or move their legs when they sit  often well coordinated and have a strong sense of timing and body movement 
  18. 18.  Individual’s learning styles preferences influence the type of LLS they use ◦ (Ehrman and Oxford, 1990 ; RossiLe, 1995; among others)
  19. 19. THANK YOU!

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