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Learning theories


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Learning theories

  1. 1. Burrhus Frederic Skinner Born March 20, 1904, Susquehanna, Pa., U.S. Died Aug. 18, 1990, Cambridge, Mass. Taught at Harvard University, University of Minnesota, and Indiana University Authored The Behavior of Organisms (1938), Beyond Freedom and Dignity (1971) and the novel Walden Two (1948) Founded behaviorism, studied learning theory, and behavior modification methods Best known as inventor of the Skinner Box
  2. 2. Skinner’s Theory Learning is manifested by a change in behavior Behavior is a function of environmental histories of reinforcing consequences Positive and negative reinforcement Positive and negative punishment Reinforcements increase the probability of a behavior reoccurring Punishments decrease the probability of a behavior reoccurring
  3. 3. Analysis Analyzing the training needs and defining objectives Breaking each objective into smaller tasks Teacher centered instruction, Lectures, tutorials, drills, and demonstrations Rewarding correct responses early and often Giving immediate feedback and reinforcement Eliminating the delay between response and reinforcement Creating a positive and comfortable learning environment Programmed instruction and behavior modification
  4. 4. References Answers. (2011). B. F. Skinner. Retrieved from Kretchmar, J. (2008). Behaviorism. Behaviorism -- Research Starters Education (p. 1). Great Neck Publishing. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.