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2018, The Year of Radical Creativity


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Welcome to my latest trends report - ‘2018, The Year of Radical Creativity’.

I’ve scoured the world for some of the most radically creative projects that will enlighten you to what is possible . I’ve provided references to all of the trends I am outlining. I encourage you to click through, look at the companies doing the work, consider what is being done at greater length, and ask yourself ‘what if…’

Enjoy, and please share with those people that you think would like this as a reference point.

Areas covered include - Bigger Data, Autonomous Worlds, Internet of Everythings, Abundant Energy, Decentralized, Ecosystems, Open Medicine, Nanotechnology Momentum, and the Quantum Revolution.

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2018, The Year of Radical Creativity

  1. 1. Nikolas Badminton Futurist & Researcher 2018The year of radical creativity.
  2. 2. 2 Welcome to my latest trends report - ‘2018, The year of radical creativity’. I’ve scoured the world for some of the most radically creative projects that will enlighten you to what is possible . I’ve provided references to all of the trends I am outlining. I encourage you to click through, look at the companies doing the work, consider what is being done at greater length, and ask yourself ‘what if…’ Enjoy, and please share with those people that you think would like this as a reference point.
  3. 3. Moonshot thinking is bullsh*t. 3
  4. 4. Do we need to live longer and strive to be immortal? 4
  5. 5. Do we need to connect everyone to the Internet? 5
  6. 6. Do we need to colonize Mars? 6
  7. 7. Can we define programs today to solve the great problems in the world? Should we? Are politicians and societal ethics getting in the way? Do we care enough because we know we’ll likely be dead before solutions are realized? Is it fair to us all that the billion-dollar technocratic companies are in a race to develop and own the most important solutions for profit? And, is it a level playing field when we know that these companies lack diversity and are ultimately products of patriarchal society? 7
  8. 8. Just to be clear, I do think that aiming to solve some of the biggest challenges in the world is valid. I just think we are approaching it from the wrong way - top down. I think the idea of 'moonshots' is too liberally applied, and creates an idea of exclusivity for large companies with big R&D budgets that want to own the solution to the problem for monetary gains. I’d rather foster a culture of ‘radical creativity’ in every business, and government around the world that can lead to more change more quickly. And, we can create diverse teams to get the work done and impact billions of people. 8
  9. 9. “It is better to take many small steps in the right direction than to make a great leap forward only to stumble backwards.” Old Chinese Proverb 9
  10. 10. Those small steps are human-driven, creative, and best served using an idea known as ‘Radical Creativity’. That is the process of addressing the challenges of the world in new and exciting ways using combinations of scientific discoveries, exponential technologies, new thinking, and experimentation to achieve results quickly towards a common goal. This helps multiple parties prove out point solutions with a big vision, and still have a view to the future where the solutions can be applied at scale. 10
  11. 11. The good thing is that we can apply ‘radical creativity’ to the small problems that make life easier or more efficient in abundance. Then all of these bolster the efforts to solve the big problems. 2018 will be an exciting year for technologically driven innovation, radically creative projects, and bold achievement. This report looks at areas of technological progress along with some bold ideas of what will likely come to be in 2018 that will help start to address some of the world’s biggest challenges. Let’s go! 11
  12. 12. 12 Creative Destruction.
  13. 13. Technology has been gathering pace over the past 50 years. It has accelerated the idea of ‘creative destruction’, the process through which something new brings about the demise of whatever existed before it. Ride hailing apps replacing taxis and vehicle ownership, on-demand apartments replacing hotels, and digital cameras in phones replacing film and standalone cameras. And, with that comes exponential market growth, the creation of thousands of new companies, and widespread adoption. But, change is not fast initially but ‘Radical Creativity’ comes from a realization that we are in things together… 13
  14. 14. “It turns out it takes 30 years for a new idea to seep into the culture. Technology does not drive change. It is our collective response to the options and opportunities presented by technology that drives change.” Paul Saffo 14 This is a key tenet of ‘Radical Creativity’
  15. 15. “It turns out it takes 30 years for a new idea to seep into the culture. Technology does not drive change. It is our collective response to the options and opportunities presented by technology that drives change.” Paul Saffo 15 This creates interest, ideas, hypotheses, and momentum
  16. 16. “It turns out it takes 30 years for a new idea to seep into the culture. Technology does not drive change. It is our collective response to the options and opportunities presented by technology that drives change.” Paul Saffo 16 And, this is the result
  17. 17. Let’s look at some pivotal moments of ‘Radical Creativity’ in the past 50 years 17
  18. 18. In 1968, Douglas Engelbart ushered in the desktop computer revolution with the ‘Mother of all Demos’. The live demonstration at Stanford University featured the introduction of a number of inventions: • The computer mouse • Video conferencing and teleconferencing • Hypertext and hypermedia • Word processing • object addressing and dynamic file linking • bootstrapping • a collaborative real-time editor Watch the full demo here. 18
  19. 19. 2007 2017 19
  20. 20. O v e r 6 b i l l i o n p e o p l e n o w h a v e a c c e s s t o m o b i l e p h o n e s . Th at ’s m o re t h a n h a v e a c c e s s t o c l e a n , r u n n i n g w at e r. Source: United Nations, 2015 20
  21. 21. With the proliferation of devices comes the absolute, and incredible exponential growth of mobile traffic. And, that is changing everything and it’s predicted that there will be more than 6 billion smartphones in circulation by 2020. This has shifted the axis of power from banks, retail empires, engineering companies, and fossil fuel companies to the new ‘technocrats’. 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. Alphabet, Microsoft, Amazon and Facebook - have achieved incredible momentum in 2017, are pushing thinking, and have nominally become the ‘World’s New Thinktank™’ $900+ billion in market capitalization in the past 12 months On a side note, on Friday 27th October, 2017 they added $181 billion to their combined market value on a single day after some announced earnings. 23
  24. 24. These companies broker an unlimited supply of the most valuable commodity in the world - data - and they will surely dominate in the 2020s with Chinese companies coming in hot on their tails. 24
  25. 25. 25 Exponential Eight.
  26. 26. Over the past 12 months I have been looking at eight core areas of technology that are coming of age that I refer to as the ‘Exponential Eight’. They are providing us with options and opportunities to change how we operate in the world, and are showing us the following trends: 26 5. Decentralized Ecosystems 6. Open Medicine 7. Nanotechnology Momentum 8. Quantum Revolution 1. Bigger Data 2. Autonomous Worlds 3. Internet of Everythings 4. Abundant Energy
  27. 27. 27 Bigger Data.
  28. 28. Data will grow at an astounding rate and we will be creating 163 zettabytes per year by 2025. That’s the equivalent of 3.9 billion 256Gb full iPhone X’s, or the same devices holding 1 billion billion compressed movie files. 28
  29. 29. Wisdom Knowledge Information Data Discrete objective facts about an event. Data with analyzed relationships and connections. Contextualized information. Understanding. Real world decision making Evaluation Research Observation Feedback 29
  30. 30. Humans will need to step into the role of deriving and translating knowledge into wisdom to help drive real-time decision making. That will drive the future of what we all do in the workplace. Wisdom will drive empathetic design, more personalized experience, and creation of new ways and means of operating. And, we will all be striving to live at the top of the pyramid - the brokers of wisdom. 30
  31. 31. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n O p e n C i t i z e n R a t i n g S y s t e m s 31
  32. 32. “ ( We ’ r e ) s l e e p w a l k i n g i n t o s u r v e i l l a n c e c a p i t a l i s m , w h i c h i s e v o l v i n g i n t o d a t a a n d c o m p u t a t i o n d r i v e n a u t h o r i t a r i a n i s m , o n e c o o l s e r v i c e a t a t i m e .” Z e y n e p Tu f e k c i 32
  33. 33. Trend: Government-sponsored open surveillance systems Countries have long stored, sliced, reported on, and made decisions using data. Now, brokering wisdom will be a mantra that is going into full gear with a new wave of engineered ‘transparency for good’. China are developing, and rolling out their Social Credit System (SCS) for 1.3 billion citizens. The plan is this to be a desirable way to measure and enhance "trust" nationwide and to build a culture of "sincerity". ”It [SCS] will forge a public opinion environment where keeping trust is glorious. It will strengthen sincerity in government affairs, commercial sincerity, social sincerity and the construction of judicial credibility.” 33
  34. 34. China’s new policy states, ”It will forge a public opinion environment where keeping trust is glorious. It will strengthen sincerity in government affairs, commercial sincerity, social sincerity and the construction of judicial credibility.” The reality of the situation is that life will be good if you make the right moves 100% of the time, and any wrong move will potentially affect your ability to take out a loan, to get the job you really want, or have access to government services. Seems incredible. But, really this is the way forward for many government systems. Open transparency. I prefer to call it open surveillance. 34
  35. 35. 435 198 564 416 599244 35
  36. 36. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n D a t a S c i e n c e b e c o m e s a c o r e d i s c i p l i n e 36
  37. 37. Trend: Data science is seen as a core business function If you are entering higher education, or have children that are, then data science is a career that will go from strength-to-strength. Data storage, processing, analysis, machine learning, and other disciplines will be in incredible demand in 2018, and beyond. In the United States students are studying data analytics at higher rates but the job market could be short as many as 250,000 data scientists (McKinsey). In the same region, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that by 2024, data scientists and other computer and information researcher positions will have grown 11% over a 10-year period. I feel that that is a rather conservative estimate. 37
  38. 38. Trend: People aim for a career in data science It’s been found that 30% of people got their start in data science at a university, 32% of full-time data scientists in the United States started learning machine learning or data science through a an online course (MOOC). 27% said that they began picking up the needed skills on their own. (2017 State of Data Science & Machine Learning Survey) Over 50% of employed data scientists are using MOOCs for ongoing education and skill-building. 38
  39. 39. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n N e w m o d e l s o f d a t a o w n e r s h i p w i l l e m e r g e 39
  40. 40. “ T h e r e i s c l e a r n e e d f o r a t r a n s p a r e n t a n d f a i r d a t a e x c h a n g e b a s e d u p o n t h e e x p r e s s i v e c o n s e n t o f t h e I n t e r n e t u s e r s p r o d u c i n g t h e d a t a .” D a t a Wa l l e t 40
  41. 41. Trend: Turning data into crypto-wealth DataWallet - is aiming to give earning potential back to people that create and broker data. They are using blockchain technology to deliver an transparent personal data marketplace that generate ‘tokens’ linked to cryptocurrencies. This is not just a crazy idea as they are backed by’s Marc Benioff, and other powerhouses They outline their approach in their paper - ‘A Data-Ownership Assuring Blockchain Wallet For Privacy-Protected Data Exchange’. 41
  42. 42. The data-wallet ecosystem 42
  43. 43. Trend: Sharing anonymous personal data for profit Some companies are aiming to build a future where we are in control of, and benefit from the data we create and earn. DataCoup is one of those companies. They are bringing together those people that want to buy the data and those that create it. They pool the data together, take out anything personally identifiable, and then analyze it, looking for patterns across different demographics and other data characteristics. None of this aggregated data can be traced back to a particular individual user. 43
  44. 44. Each connected platform’s data attributes have high, medium or low value assigned. This value is determined by the current demand in the data marketplace for that attribute. The price for your data is the sum of all your active attributes. In Datacoup you can connect data from a number of common sources - from social media to fitness trackers to business productivity apps. 44
  45. 45. 45 Autonomous Worlds.
  46. 46. Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) has fast become the standard in how software works. Processing data quickly and learning on-the-go through machine learning technologies is not just a choice. It’s embedded, and a core architectural element of new systems. Andrew Ng proclaimed, “A.I. is the new electricity.” and everything changes at this point and we will see huge changes in 2018 and there will be significant economic impacts as well. 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n We ’ l l s t a r t t o w o r k o u t t h e f u t u r e o f w o r k 48
  49. 49. Warning - the whole me dia ( and as s um ed ex pert) na rrative is peppered with hype rbole such as “Resea rchers believe there is a 50% chance of AI outp er forming humans in al l tasks in 45 years and of automating all hum an jobs in 120 years.” I do believ e it ’s hea lt hy to keep an eye of things and to introduce ethical frameworks, however fear is not a positive way forward. This certainly is not help ed by Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking ringing the prov er bial deat h knell. One go od thing is t hat this has got people talking about the ethics and impl ications of AI and what it can be - both good and bad. 49
  50. 50. The one rea l tr uth is t hat ‘Alg orit hmic work’ will be completely di srupt ed. If you can easily de fine what someone does, step-by-step, then it will be au to mated. Starting with simple co gn itive tasks that do not need physical mo tor funct ion skills, and then eventually those will be replaced w h e n robo ti cs advances t o meet the needs in those a rea s. Doctors, bank tellers, truck drivers , ca shiers, reta il a ssista nts - if the jo b is about acce ssing and processing information then it is up for grab s. 50
  51. 51. 51
  52. 52. “ I ' m c o n v i n c e d t h at t h e re i s i n f a c t g o i n g t o b e a j o b s s h o rt a g e . Th e re i s g o i n g t o b e j o b s t h at a re u n f u l f i l l e d , a n d t h at t h e w a y w e ' l l f i l l t h e m i s t o t a ke p e o p l e p l u s c o m p u t e r s , a n d t h e c o m p u t e r s w i l l m a ke p e o p l e s m a rt e r. I f y o u m a ke t h e p e o p l e s m a rt e r, t h e i r w a g e s g o u p. Th e y d o n ' t g o d o w n , a n d t h e n u m b e r o f j o b s g o u p, n o t d o w n .” E r i c S c h m i d t , E x e c u t i v e C h a i r m a n , A l p h a b e t 52
  53. 53. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n A I i s t h e n e w f o u n d a t i o n 53
  54. 54. Autonomous Transport Picture: Voyage 54
  55. 55. “ We a re a p p ro a c h i n g t h e e n d o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e e ra .” B o b Lu t z Fo r m e r Vi c e C h a i r m a n o f G M 55
  56. 56. 56
  57. 57. Trend: Self-driving vehicle adoption starts The rise of self-driving vehicles in 2018 is inevitable. It will be the first year when we start to see public opinion change and more autonomous public transport and trucking come into society. Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Ford, GM, Honda, Hyundai, Nissan and Toyota all highlighted their efforts to catch up with Google and Tesla. And, they are playing with what the future could hols - retractable steering wheels, scissor doors and on-board AI assistants like Amazon's Alexa, Samsung’s VIV, and Apple’s Siri. The media will likely have a field day on ethical dilemmas. And, please let’s stop talking about the ‘trolley problem’ where someone has to die and maybe realize that vehicles will just stop and no-one dies. That’s a dilemma from trains back in the early 1900s. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. Probably one of the most interesting things I saw in 2017 was car advertisements in the cinema that stated ‘buy the last car you’ll ever drive’ with a future vision of a driverless experience. In addition, chip companies like Intel and NVIDIA are the starting the drive for advertising their capabilities in vehicles at quite the pace. It’s about the value in the platforms and not just the form of the vehicles now and more change will come to the automotive industry in 2018. With automated vehicles comes wider implications. What happens when the world starts to become driverless? 59
  60. 60. Trend: Self-driving vehicles will cause organ donation shortage What does organ donation have to do with self-driving vehicles? Consider this. As self-driving vehicles hit the roads then we ultimately have fewer casualties - numbered approximately at 2000 per year just in North America alone. A large proportion of organ donation comes from those people and every ten minutes, a person is added to the national waiting list for organ transplants. So this shortage will be a real problem. So it will be great to save lives. And, scientists are looking to new technologies to grow human organs in pigs - at an industrial scale - to help meet the demand. 60
  61. 61. Today heart valves and tracheas are used with no issue and Scientists recently announced the birth of 37 pigs gene-edited to be better for human transplant. They belong to a breed of miniature pigs that will grow no bigger than 150 pounds—with organs just the right size for transplant into adult humans. Smithfield Foods, the world’s largest pork producer, has established a separate bioscience unit to expand its role in supplying pig parts for medical uses, with the ultimate goal of selling pig organs for transplantation into humans. 61
  62. 62. Robots in retail 62
  63. 63. Trends: Robots sneak into retail Wal-Mart have rolled out shelf-scanning robots in more than 50 U.S. stores to replenish inventory faster and save employees time when products run out. The company said the robots would not replace workers or affect employee headcount in stores. Humans and machines working together. This is what we will see more of in 2018. And, investors see this kind of technology as the future as well. Bossa Nova, which makes autonomous shelf-scanning service robots for Wal-Mart and other retail customers, recently closed a $17.5 million Series B round that brings total funding to $41.7 million. 63
  64. 64. A.I. is our newest family member 64
  65. 65. Trend: The home will be listening and helping Amazon has sold more than 10 million Alexa-powered Echo devices since late 2014, and the platform is being implemented into thousands of other devices around the globe. Google is fast behind, Apple is launching its device soon, and you can bet that there will be a huge amount of new devices that hit the market in 2018. Especially from China. 65
  66. 66. 66
  67. 67. 67 Internet of Everythings.
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. The 4th Industrial age - Cyber Connected Systems -is here. By 2020 we expect to see over 50 billion sensor-driven devices connected to the cloud. In 2018 we will see a step change on the ‘IofT’ landscape where ubiquitous connections surround us in cities, homes, and businesses. This will bring great opportunities and great risks to security. 69
  70. 70. 70
  71. 71. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n I n d u s t r i a l I o f T h e a t s u p 71
  72. 72. We’ll need stable IoT devices, likely in the form of sensors placed on equipment in factories, so that data can be collected around the performance of the machine and systems. The power and intelligence of big data and machine learning needs to be sophisticated enough to process huge amounts of raw data from both machinery and people. A constantly evolving communication infrastructure will need to advance to a point where it becomes immune to any breaches in security. 72
  73. 73. Siemens 73
  74. 74. 74
  75. 75. 75 Human Human Human Human Human Human
  76. 76. Scientists and Caretakers 76
  77. 77. Siemens' CEO Ralf Thomas, chief financial officer, said the digital factory has become the “golden standard for Industry 4.0”, a reference to the “fourth industrial revolution” comprising cloud computing, the industrial internet of things and factory automation. He also stated that net income rose 7% to €1.46bn, above forecasts at €1.37bn because of the better than expected margins in its “digital factory”. 77
  78. 78. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n S m a r t c i t i e s i n v e s t m e n t r i s e s 78
  79. 79. A report from BCC Research found that the smart city market reached $342.4 billion in 2016 and is projected to more than double by 2021, to an estimated $774.8 billion. The increase equates to an overall 17.7% growth rate. But despite this rapid growth, researchers estimate it will be years before the smart city sensor systems, predictive analytics tools and energy efficient buildings now being purchased become ubiquitous technologies. Energy is the biggest sector for smart city investment, with cities seeking cleaner and more efficient systems to manage limited energy resources. Water and waste management is the second largest area, followed by transportation, assisted living facilities for the elderly and disabled, and e- government services — technologies like civic tech applications and back-end databases. 79
  80. 80. 80 Barcelona
  81. 81. The city created a ‘Smart City Barcelona’ task force that worked to integrate existing projects and identifying new opportunities to enhance services for all of the city’s people and businesses. They identified 12 areas for intervention, including transportation, water, energy, waste, and open government, and initiated 22 programs, encompassing 83 distinct projects across urban systems. They saved $37 million annually through smart lighting, $58 million on water, and increased parking revenues by $50 million per year while generating 47,000 new jobs. 81
  82. 82. 82 Arizona
  83. 83. Bill Gates has invested $80 million into a planned smart city based outside Phoenix, Arizona, buy investing in a stake in a 24,800-acre development in Belmont. At the heart of the smart city will be high-speed networks, data centres enabling autonomous cars and vehicles, new manufacturing technologies, and automated logistics hubs. 80,000 homes will be built, with 3,800 acres reserved for industrial, office, and retail space, 3,400 acres of open space, and 470 acres dedicated for public schools. 83
  84. 84. This also shows that the ‘World’s Think Tank™’ will be doubling down on city investment. Google’s Sidewalk Labs are helping build out part of Toronto, and Amazon’s HQ2 bidding mechanism is making cities bend over to become more technologically suitable. 84
  85. 85. 85 Abundant Energy.
  86. 86. If you own a clean, sustainable energy supply, storage, and distribution then you will own the modern business landscape. But, that’s not the whole picture. 86
  87. 87. In just over 200 years we have seen progress driven by the Industrial Revolution, transportation powered by fossil fuels, and increases in manufacturing, drilling, and mining. Unfortunately, we focused on profits and never planned to keep the world safe from harm. 2018 will be the year that the global philosophy towards saving the planet will accelerate, and today just changing how we power the world is not enough - we have to try and reverse the effect on climate change. This will be supported by research into carbon capture initiatives, and a shift towards renewable energy enabled by technologies that de at solar, hydro, wind energy generation technologies. We are also seeing some key trends. 87
  88. 88. 88 The reliance on fossil fuels in waning.
  89. 89. The cost of solar has fallen exponentially.
  90. 90. 90 For the first time, renewable energy and fossil fuel indexes have diverged.
  91. 91. But, adopting clean energy production solutions alone is no longer enough. 91
  92. 92. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n E x p e r i m e n t s i n n e g a t i v e e m i s s i o n s 92
  93. 93. Climate scientists have hoped global carbon emissions would come under control, and we wouldn’t need direct air (CO2) capture. However many believe that direct air capture would be exorbitantly expensive to deploy. For the past decade, a group of entrepreneurs—partly funded by billionaires like Bill Gates of Microsoft, Edgar Bronfman Jr. of Warner Music, and the late Gary Comer of Land’s End—have been working to prove those estimates wrong. And, three companies—Switzerland’s Climeworks, Canada’s Carbon Engineering, and the US’s Global Thermostat—are building machines that, at reasonable costs, can capture CO2 directly from the air. 93https://
  94. 94. 94https:// “Approximate emission pledges” made under the Paris climate agreement show our emissions increasing, when they should be decreasing.
  95. 95. Trend: Capturing carbon becomes achievable, and heads towards scale At a geothermal power plant in Iceland Climeworks inaugurated the first system that does direct air capture and verifiably achieves negative carbon emissions. Although at a smaller pilot scale - capturing only 50 metric tons CO2 from the air each year, about the same emitted by a single US household or 10 Indian households - it’s the first system to convert the emissions into stone, thus ensuring they don’t escape back into the atmosphere for the next millions of years. Jan Wurzbacher, Climeworks’s director, says it hopes to bring costs down to about $100 per metric ton of carbon dioxide. That’s close to the price Carbon Engineering is targeting 95
  96. 96. 96
  97. 97. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n E x p e r i m e n t s i n c o o l i n g t h e E a r t h 97
  98. 98. In 1991, the Mount Pinatubo eruption caused nearly 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide to be injected into the stratosphere. Dispersal of this gas cloud around the world caused global temperatures to drop temporarily (1991 through 1993) by about 1°F (0.5°C). 98https://
  99. 99. While this was certainly not good, it indicated a way to cool the Earth’s temperature. We just need to find a way that is positive for the planet, for us, and creates a balance. It’s like dancing with Mother Nature to create a healthy rhythm, and flow that serves us all. Among the most prominent technological proposals for cooling Earth’s atmosphere is geo-engineering that involves spraying aerosols into the sky to reflect some of the sun’s incoming radiation back into outer space. 99https://
  100. 100. Trend: Seeding changing into the atmosphere A group of researchers at Harvard has been gearing up in recent months to carry out the world’s first field studies of geo-engineering. But, is this a positive thing globally? A study by Nature Communications was based on advanced computer modeling and finds that spraying aerosols above the Northern Hemisphere would decrease the severity of Atlantic Ocean hurricanes, but spraying them in the Southern Hemisphere would have the opposite effect on the North Atlantic. This is the wild west of experiments in climate change and everyone will be watching this very carefully. 100
  101. 101. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n C o u n t r i e s t a r g e t i n g a r e n e w a b l e e n e r g y f u t u r e 101
  102. 102. Trend: Countries are targeting 2050 The latest roadmap to a 100% renewable energy future from Stanford's Mark Z. Jacobson and 26 colleagues is the most specific global vision yet, outlining infrastructure changes that 139 countries can make to be entirely powered by wind, water, and sunlight by 2050 after electrification of all energy sectors. The researchers believe a transition could mean less worldwide energy consumption due to the efficiency of clean, renewable electricity; a net increase of over 24 million long-term jobs; an annual decrease in 4-7 million air pollution deaths per year; stabilization of energy prices; and annual savings of over $20 trillion in health and climate costs. Read more at The Solutions Project. 102
  103. 103. 103 Change in 139-country end-use power demand upon conversion from conventional fuels to 100% Clean and Renewable Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) between 2012 and 2050.
  104. 104. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n E l e c t r i c Ve h i c l e s ( E V ) d r i v e s t o r a g e i n n o v a t i o n s 104
  105. 105. Trend: Homegrown Electric Vehicles (EV) solutions rise The modern world of EVs came from the makers and tinkerers that were converting vehicles in their garages. And, that hasn’t changed. IT Asset Partners Inc. (ITAP) have built an EV that is capable of traveling 1,600 kilometers (994 miles) on a single battery charge. This broke the previous record of 1,298 kilometers (806 miles). The car, known as The Phoenix, is a modified BMW built from 90% recycled parts that only cost USD $13,000 to build. An amazing project and shows us a future where cars could be converted and smaller companies with big ideas will be part of the change. Watch the challenge here. 105
  106. 106. 107 Parity & Dirty Secrets
  107. 107. Trend: EV parity in 2018 Earlier in 2017 UBS’s Evidence Lab tore down the Chevy Bolt, the world's first mass-market electric vehicle (EV) with a range well above 200 miles. They gained key insights to understanding the content and profitability of EVs, especially Tesla's upcoming Model 3. And, they found that the EV powertrain is $4.6k cheaper to produce than they had thought and there is more cost reduction potential left. Consumer cost of ownership (TCO) parity vs. combustion engine (ICE) cars can be reached from 2018 (which will be seen first in the European Union), creating an inflection point for demand. That means that consumers will start to choose EV over traditional combustion engine vehicles faster than we thought. This is great news for those consumers and countries aiming to drive down GHGs and to be carbon neutral. Read the full report here. 108
  108. 108. 109 “ U B S f o u n d t h a t t h e C h e v y B o l t c o n t a i n e d a r o u n d 1 4 0 k i l o g r a m s o f b a t t e r y m a t e r i a l s s u c h a s n i c k e l , c o b a l t , l i t h i u m , m a n g a n e s e a n d g r a p h i t e .”
  109. 109. 110 “ I t a l s o c o n t a i n e d a ro u n d 7 0 % m o re a l u m i n i u m a n d a ro u n d 8 0 % m o re c o p p e r t h a n a c o n v e n t i o n a l f u e l c a r s u c h a s t h e V W G o l f .”
  110. 110. 111 New storage innovations…
  111. 111. 112 Today, the energy density of 1 ton of gasoline is the equivalent of 60 tons of Lithium-Ion batteries (approximately) so advances are needed in more efficient battery technologies.
  112. 112. T h e L i t h i u m - g l a s s B a t t e r y w i l l i n c r e a s e e n e r g y d e n s i t y t h r e e - f o l d 113
  113. 113. John Goodenough, coinventor of the lithium-glass battery and emeritus professor at the Cockrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin, is developing the new technology with his team. “I think we have the possibility of doing what we’ve been trying to do for the last 20 years. That is, to get an electric car that will be competitive in cost and convenience with the internal combustion engine.” glass-battery-accelerate-the-end-of-oil 114
  114. 114. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n W i l d r e n e w a b l e e n e r g y i d e a f l o u r i s h 115
  115. 115. 7 1 % o f t h e w o r l d s s u r f a c e i s w a t e r , a n d i t i s c o n s t a n t l y e v a p o r a t i n g . S o , w h y n o t h a r v e s t t h a t e n e r g y ? 116
  116. 116. Trend: Harvesting energy from new sources Evaporation is a ubiquitous phenomenon in the natural environment and a dominant form of energy transfer in the Earth’s climate. Engineered systems rarely, if ever, use evaporation as a source of energy, despite myriad examples of such adaptations in the biological world. Columbia University has published a new report called "Scaling up nanoscale water-driven energy conversion into evaporation-driven engines and generators", Nature Communications, 6:7346 (2015). In this, they report evaporation-driven engines that can power common tasks like locomotion and electricity generation. These engines start and run autonomously when placed at air–water interfaces. They generate rotary and piston-like linear motion using specially designed, biologically based artificial muscles responsive to moisture fluctuations. 117
  117. 117. 118118 S i m p l e d e v i c e s m a d e o f b a c t e r i a l s p o re s , g l u e , a n d p l a s t i c m a y a l l o w c a p t u r i n g e n e rg y f ro m e v a p o rat i n g w at e r. Ev a p o rat i o n - d r i v e n e n g i n e s m a y f i n d a p p l i c at i o n s i n p o w e r i n g ro b o t i c s y s t e m s , s e n s o r s , d e v i c e s a n d m a c h i n e r y t h at f u n c t i o n i n t h e n a t u ra l e n v i ro n m e n t . S e e t h i s i n a c t i o n o n h e re .
  118. 118. Paul Thibado, professor of physics at the University of Arkansas, has taken the first steps toward creating a device that can turn small random fluctuations of the carbon atoms in Graphene into electricity, with the potential for many applications. He recently applied for a patent on this invention, called a Vibration Energy Harvester, or VEH. A single ten micron by ten micron piece of graphene has been shown to produce ten microwatts of power at room temperature. While that might sound tiny, keep in mind 20,000 of these squares will fit on the head of a pin, and could power a wrist watch indefinitely. Watch this video for more insights into how this works. 119Image: Russell Cothren
  119. 119. 120 Decentralized.
  120. 120. Just as the Internet was catapulted into public use with HTML and TCP- IP, we are seeing new, decentralized, secure, and convenient ways of banking and managing transactions emerge from blockchain technology. It’s a quiet revolution. We often forget the systems running behind the scenes that share and store our data however it’s likely that blockchain will touch almost everybody globally by 2025. Either through the banking systems we use today integrating it, or through access to cryptocurrencies that bring methods of banking and payment to those that have not had any up to that point. 121
  121. 121. Blockchain is an accounting system. It ’s a software protocol that provides a secure, encrypted network, and it has a decentralized and open ledger that allows for anonymity (if required). 122
  122. 122. “ 7 7 % e x p e c t t o a d o p t b l o c k c h a i n a s p a r t o f a n i n p r o d u c t i o n s y s t e m o r p r o c e s s b y 2 0 2 0 .” P w C 123
  123. 123. 124
  124. 124. "Big banks and financial services firms were the first corporate players to make direct blockchain investments en masse — unsurprising, given how Bitcoin's underlying technology lends itself, both technically and in popular thought, to financial services.” CB Insights 125
  125. 125. Google and Goldman Sachs are two of the most active corporate investors in blockchain companies. And, they like to make sure bets. In addition, corporates have invested $327 million across 42 equity investment deals in 2017. And, we can expect other large companies to follow suit in the next 2 to 3 years as more applications are proven. 126
  126. 126. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n O h , t h e r e I S a B i t c o i n b u b b l e 127
  127. 127. 128 Bitcoin may now be the biggest financial bubble of all time
  128. 128. But, I think that through 2017 there has been blind optimism and a lack of sobriety when considering the value of key cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. 2018 will be the wildest ride that we will see with cryptocurrencies as ICOs, theft, crime usage, and tax evasion from withdrawal rises. It seems that every piece of news seems to cause a fluctuation. 2017 holiday season saw a lot of pump and dump strategies in the cryptocurrency markets. I feel that it could easily break the $25,000 per BTC mark by May or June with bigger turmoil at the end of 2018 as regulators and markets get more involved, create hope, and generate a lot of questions around stability and validity. 129
  129. 129. “During the information technology bubble, we saw a rally in dot-com company shares. But at least at that time, there were people using the services. But, I hardly know anyone in person who is trading crypto-currencies and I haven’t seen anyone using them in real life.” Katsunori Sago, CIO, Japan Post Bank 130
  130. 130. Trend: Paying for corporate services in crypto-currencies Some organizations are trying to incorporate it into their business practices. PwC’s Hong Kong office indicated that it accepted the payment in relation to work with local companies specializing in cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. The transaction was reportedly made using bitcoin in exchange for advisory services. PwC Asia-Pacific chairman Raymund Chao, has said, "It is also an indication that bitcoin and other established cryptocurrencies have now developed into more broadly accepted forms of settlement.” 131
  131. 131. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n E v e r y G o e s I C O C r a z y ! 132
  132. 132. T h e t i m e t o r a i s e f u n d s h a s b e e n d r a s t i c a l l y s h o r t e n e d t h r o u g h e x c i t e m e n t o f ‘ v a l u e ’ c r e a t e d i n t h e c r y p t o c u r r e n c y e c o s y s t e m . 133
  133. 133. Source: Christine Duhaime 134
  134. 134. Trend: Raising money through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) Building a token sale is at once quite simple — you build a token and sell it — and quite complex. A number of issues crop up immediately, including, but not limited to, the need for an expensive team of lawyers, marketers, social media experts and, until now, an expensive crew to build your smart contract. CoinLaunch, a project by repeat entrepreneur Reuven Cohen, aims to reduce the complexity of at least one part of the process. His service, CoinCreator, allows non- programmers to build simple smart contracts in a few minutes. And, it’s proven to be wildly popular. 135
  135. 135. 136
  136. 136. “We’ve done more than 30,000 custom ICO/Token deployments from 130 countries (mostly on the ethereum testnet). We've had over 500,000 visitors and a pipeline of 1200 potential ICO's who have directly inquired with us, worth more than $2 billion (gross).” Reuven Cohen, CEO and Founder, CoinLaunch 137
  137. 137. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n F i n a n c e Tr a n s a c t i o n R e v o l u t i o n s 138
  138. 138. In Blockchain, the code describes both a regulatory and an economic system. This is a prime technology to help financial institutions streamline how they transfer money and validate transactions. Blockchain technology also goes way beyond that and helps: • Unbundle ownership • Reduce transactional costs at any volume • Support distributed organizations • Support cryptocurrencies • Send and receive cross-border payments. • Lower the liquidity costs of payments in emerging markets. • Attach payment many artiifacts like invoices etc. 139
  139. 139. X Ripple, a blockchain technology provider, has run trials that has helped move money across borders using path-finding algorithms for a number of financial institutions successfully. Source: 140
  140. 140. Ripple’s growing global payments network now has over 90 customers. Most recently 47 Japanese Banks moved into the commercial deployment phase of using Ripple. More banks will follow suit in 2018. 141
  141. 141. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n U s i n g c r y p t o c u r r e n c i e s f o r g o o d 142
  142. 142. 143
  143. 143. Trend: Idle computer power mines cryptocurrencies to fund help Bail Bloc is an app can use your personal computer’s unused power to mine cryptocurrency, and then direct the funds to make bail payments for US defendants. The app uses 10% of your processor’s energy to mine the cryptocurrency Monero, with virtually no effort from the user. 100% of the currency your computer generates is used by the Bronx Freedom Fund to post bail for low-income people detained in New York effective immediately. Most Bail Bloc users can expect to generate around $3 to $5 per month. It might not seem like much, but because of the revolving funding model, it adds up quickly. 144
  144. 144. 145 Open Medicine.
  145. 145. Waiting rooms are dead. For many, there is now a doctor in their pocket. Easy access to devices that measure and diagnose a variety of ailments and conditions has been the holy grail of modern medicine, and that is becoming a reality in 2018. 146
  146. 146. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n M e d i c a l a p p s r e p l a c e d o c t o r s 147
  147. 147. “When I went to medical school, the term 'digital' applied only to rectal exams.” Dr. Eric Topol 148
  148. 148. Trend: More FDA-approved apps Today, there are more than 100,000 mobile health apps on the market for Apple and android devices, with mobile health revenues projected to jump to $26 billion by 2017, according to Mobile Health Economics. In February 2015, the FDA announced plans to review mobile medical apps that interpret data and act like medical devices. And, the amount of apps approved will rise drastically in 2018. 149
  149. 149. Trend: Star Trek becomes reality with initiatives like the XPrize Imagine a portable, wireless device in the palm of your hand that monitors and diagnoses your health conditions. That’s the technology envisioned by this competition, and it will allow unprecedented access to personal health metrics. The end result: Radical innovation in healthcare that will give individuals far greater choices in when, where, and how they receive care. The winning team developed a Tricorder device - DxfER - that accurately diagnoses 13 health conditions (12 diseases and the absence of conditions) and capture five real-time health vital signs, independent of a health care worker or facility, and in a way that provides a compelling consumer experience. 150
  150. 150. 151
  151. 151. The winning team developed a device that will accurately diagnose 13 health conditions (12 diseases and the absence of conditions), and capture five real-time health vital signs, independent of a health care worker or facility. 152
  152. 152. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n T h e v i e w f r o m t h e i n s i d e 153
  153. 153. Trend: Non-invasive techniques will be commonplace Sometimes invasive techniques in checking the internal health of an individual can be painful and damaging, both physically and psychologically. The area of capsule endoscopy has been established over that past couple of years and allows for minimally invasive direct visualization of the colon, including identifying the occurrence of polyps. One such technology - the PillCam - is about the size of a multi-vitamin and used in conjunction with colonoscopy. PillCam is designed to be taken orally, without the need for anesthesia, sedation or radiation. According to Medtronic, the capsule is the only FDA-approved, non-invasive diagnostic available for the direct visualization of the colon 154
  154. 154. 155 The PillCam allows for a non-invasive, internal view.
  155. 155. 156 Tr a c k i n g m e d i c a t i o n s w i l l r i s e i n t h e f a m i l y h o m e .
  156. 156. Trend: Medication tracking is at-risk patients Embedded ingestible sensors that records when the medication is taken. have become a reality. Abilify MyCite is a medication system is intended to treat schizophrenia, bipolar I disorder and depression in adults. This system sends a message from the pill's sensor, which the company refers to as an "ingestible event marker," to a patch worn on the patient's skin. This sensor is the around the size of a grain of sand, and is made up of ingredients found in food so is biologically safe. When the pill comes into contact with fluids in the stomach, it is activated and communicates this to the patch work by the patient. Then, the sensor is digested and eliminated from the body. 157
  157. 157. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n T h e R i s e o f G e n e E d i t i n g 158
  158. 158. G e n o m e e d i t i n g m a r k e t t o r e a c h U S D 6 . 2 8 b i l l i o n b y 2 0 2 2 159
  159. 159. Trend: Genetically engineered stem cell therapy will increase The genetic disorder epidermolysis bullosa is a terrible condition. The epidermis contains the cells that form our body's boundary with the outside world; in epidermolysis bullosa, they lose their ability to hold on to the cells underneath them. Small scratches that healthy people wouldn't notice cause the skin to blister off, leaving these patients prone to infection. The constant inflammation makes cancer more likely. More than 40% of those afflicted don't even survive to adolescence. Now, for the first time ever, researchers have restored functioning skin to a young epidermolysis bullosa patient. Their method? His lost skin was entirely replaced using stem cells that had been genetically engineered to replace the inherited defect. An amazing feat, and a life-changer. 160
  160. 160. Trend: More gene-editing research will break boundaries of possibilities In August 2017, eminent biologist Shoukhrat Mitalipov described how he used CRISPR-Cas9 - a technique using a synthetic guide RNA to introduce a double strand break at a specific location within a strand of DNA - to correct a genetic mutation that’s linked to a heart disorder called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in human embryos. Mitalipov and his team were able to show that CRISPR/Cas9 can do what they hoped it would do - cut the mutant gene sequence, prompted the embryos to repair the DNA with healthy copies of the gene, and eliminated the disease-causing mutation altogether from many of the embryos. 161
  161. 161. Trend: In-body gene editing will become more acceptable In 2017, scientists have tried editing a gene inside the body for the first time. It was to fix a metabolic disease called Hunter syndrome, by permanently changing a patient’s DNA. The patient intravenously received billions of copies of a corrective gene and a genetic tool to cut his DNA in a precise spot. Signs of whether it is working may come early-2018 and tests will confirm how things are progressing in three months. If this trial successful then the new technique could give a major boost to the field of gene therapy. Scientists have edited people’s genes before, altering cells in the lab that are then returned to patients. 162
  162. 162. Some are aiming to make the technology of gene editing to be a lot more commonly known and acceptable 163
  163. 163. Dr. Josiah Rayner’s team at The ODIN believes the future is going to be dominated by genetic engineering and consumer genetic design will be a big part of that. They aim to provide general consumers with the tools and platform to experiment with, and achieve this. They are making that happen by creating kits and tools that allow anyone to make unique and usable organisms at home or in a lab or anywhere. 164
  164. 164. 165
  165. 165. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n O p e n s o u r c e d r u g s s h a k e u p B i g P h a r m a 166
  166. 166. 3 8 7 m i l l i o n p e o p l e w o r l d w i d e l i v e w i t h d i a b e t e s 167
  167. 167. While most diabetics in North America have access to insulin, those in poorer communities and regions often go without insulin due to cost or bureaucracy. And, without insulin, many go without and suffer complications including blindness, cardiovascular disease, amputations, nerve and kidney damage, and eventually death. Pharmaceutical companies patent small modifications to previous insulins while withdrawing those previous versions from the market to keep prices up. In the past 20 years, the list price for a vial of Eli Lilly’s Humalog has jumped from $21 to $255. On 13 occasions since 2009, the price of Sanofi’s Lantus and Novo Nordisk’s Levemir have gone up in lock-step increases, usually within a day of each other, Bloomberg News reported in 2015. The three companies now stand accused of price fixing in a federal class-action lawsuit filed in Massachusetts. 168
  168. 168. Trend: Open source insulin will continue to be developed In the Bay Area some DIY biology enthusiasts who believe that insulin should be freely available to anybody who needs it, have decided to take matters into their own hands. They are developing the first freely available, open protocol for insulin production. We hope our research will be the basis for generic production of this life-saving drug. Additionally, we hope our work inspires other biohackers to band together and create things nobody has ever thought of before. 169
  169. 169. Now the researchers - and other collaborators - are looking to a type of yeast known as pichia pastoris, a relative of brewer’s yeast that expresses proteins at high levels, to help them create insulin in a cost-effective way. And, more will come, supported by initiatives like Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD), Open Source Malaria, and other initiatives that have a vision to provide affordable healthcare to the developing world. 170
  170. 170. 171 Nanotechnology Momentum.
  171. 171. 172 “I want to build a billion tiny factories, models of each other, which are manufacturing simultaneously… The principles of physics, as far as I can see, do not speak against the possibility of maneuvering things atom by atom.” Richard Feynman
  172. 172. And Feynman’s ideas are now reality where we can see the potential of nanotechnology and how it will have application in many areas. In fact nanotechnology will expand the disciplines of chemistry, materials Science, interstellar travel, Medicine, Computing, Communications, and quantum computing that we will look at in the next section. The potential is truly incredible. We are at the early stages of working at the nano-scale, our imaginations are piqued, and this will drive ‘Radical Creativity’ across many industries. 173
  173. 173. Re s e a rc h e r s at t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f Wa t e r l o o b u i l t t h e w o r l d ’s s m a l l e s t f l a g at 5 9 1 . 7 n m , a n d j u s t a f e w m o n t h s l at e r o t h e r s at t h e U n i v e r s i t y o f A l b e rt a a r ra n g e d a t o m s t o f o r m t h e s h a p e o f a m a p l e l e a f at j u s t 1 0 n m . Th e y l i t e ra l l y a r ra n g e d a t o m s a t t h at s c a l e t o f o r m t h e s h a p e . 174
  174. 174. Yo u c a n f i t 1 0 , 0 0 0 n a n o - s c a l e m a p l e l e a f s a c ro s s t h e w i d t h o f a h u m a n h a i r ( w h i c h i s 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 n m w i d e ) . 175
  175. 175. 176 N a n o t e c h n o l o g y f o r s t o ra g e
  176. 176. Trend: Nanotechnology technology will be deployed for data storage Scientists at IBM have captured 330 terabytes of uncompressed data — or the equivalent of 330 million books — into a cartridge that can fit into the palm of your hand. That’s 201 gigabits per square inch on prototype sputtered magnetic tape and is more than 20 times the areal density currently used in commercial tape drives. Tape drives were invented over 60 years ago and, to give perspective, IBM’s first tape unit used reels of half-inch-wide tape that could only hold about 2 megabytes. 177
  177. 177. 178 N a n o t e c h n o l o g y i n m e d i c a l a p p l i c at i o n s
  178. 178. Trend: Nanotechnology applications in medicine increases Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Ohio State's College of Engineering have developed a new technology. Tissue Nanotransfection (TNT) can generate any cell type of interest for treatment within the patient's own body. This may be used to repair injured tissue or restore function of aging tissue, including organs, blood vessels and nerve cells. "By using our novel nanochip technology, injured or compromised organs can be replaced. We have shown that skin is a fertile land where we can grow the elements of any organ that is declining," said Dr. Chandan Sen, director of Ohio State's Center for Regenerative Medicine & Cell Based Therapies 179
  179. 179. 180 Quantum Revolution.
  180. 180. “It promises to solve some of humanity’s most complex problems. It’s backed by Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos, NASA, and the CIA. Each one costs $10,000,000 and operates at 459 degrees below zero. And nobody knows how it actually works.” said Lev Grossman in his 2014 article in TIME magazine called “The Infinity Machine” It’s likely to be one of the most impactful technologies in the next 30 to 50 years. Progress has come from several decades of work from committed scientists, mathematicians, and engineers we are getting there. Today, Quantum Computing is still not a trivial technology nor are we at the cusp of greatness quite yet. There are more companies being created to research into this, and growth has begun. 181
  181. 181. 182
  182. 182. “ Th e q u a n t u m c o m p u t i n g m a r ke t i s e x p e c t e d t o g ro w at a CAG R o f 2 9 . 0 4 % b e t w e e n 2 0 1 7 a n d 2 0 2 3 a n d i s e x p e c t e d t o b e v a l u e d at U S D $ 4 9 5 . 3 m i l l i o n b y 2 0 2 3 .” 183
  183. 183. 2 0 1 8 Pr e d i c t i o n Pr a c t i c a l Q u a n t u m C o m p u t i n g 184
  184. 184. D e e p e r re s e a rc h i n c h e m i s t r y 185
  185. 185. “ U s i n g t h e l a w s o f q u a n t u m m e c h a n i c s , re s e a rc h e r s s h o u l d b e a b l e t o s o l v e e v e r y c h e m i s t r y p ro b l e m . O n c e y o u k n o w a l l t h e p o s s i b l e t ra n s i t i o n a l s t r u c t u re s a m o l e c u l e m i g h t a s s u m e d u r i n g e a c h p h a s e o f a c h e m i c a l re a c t i o n a n d t h e e n e rg i e s o f a l l t h o s e s t r u c t u re s , y o u c a n p re d i c t e x a c t l y w h at w i l l h a p p e n .” C h e m i c a l & E n g i n e e r i n g N e w s 186
  186. 186. Tr e n d : D e e p e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g w i l l t a k e u s i n n e w d i r e c t i o n s Q u a n t u m c o m p u t e r s c o u l d h e l p c h e m i s t s b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d a n d d e v e l o p c a t a l y s t s , p h o t o v o l t a i c s , a n d m o r e . Q u a n t u m c o m p u t e r s c o u l d a i d d e v e l o p m e n t o f c a t a l y s t s f o r c l e a n e n e r g y a n d r e n e w a b l e c h e m i c a l m a n u f a c t u r i n g , e n a b l e d e e p e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e e n z y m e s t h a t u n d e r l i e p h o t o s y n t h e s i s a n d t h e n i t r o g e n c y c l e , p o w e r t h e d i s c o v e r y o f h i g h - t e m p e r a t u r e s u p e r c o n d u c t o r s a n d n e w m a t e r i a l s f o r s o l a r c e l l s , a n d m u c h m o r e . 187
  187. 187. C y b e r s e c u r i t y 188
  188. 188. “But the real reason you should pay attention: quantum computing can – in theory – defeat all modern encryption. From secure banking transactions to confidential correspondence to, yes, Blockchain – quantum computing can crack them all quickly and simply.” 189
  189. 189. Trends: Research in Quantum Cryptography will attract more funding Quantum cryptography draws its strength from the weirdness of reality at small scales. Particles making up our universe are inherently uncertain creatures, able to simultaneously exist in more than one place or more than one state of being. The most popular cryptographic application yet for this strange behavior is quantum key distribution, aka QKD. A quantum key encodes and sends the information needed to decrypt a message in the fuzzy properties of particles, typically light particles. Eavesdroppers trying to steal the key must make measurements of those particles to do so. Those measurements change the particles’ behavior, introducing errors that can be detected and alert users that a key has been compromised and should not be used to encode information. 190
  190. 190. “There is still a way to go before it becomes a standard commercial proposition, but we are getting there faster than I expected.” Artur Ekert, a professor at the University of Oxford and director of the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore. 191
  191. 191. 192 What about us?
  192. 192. Each of the Exponential Eight technologies do not exist in a vacuum. There is one common denominator in all of them, and at the intersection of them - humans are at the centre. We are the people that practice ‘Radical Creativity’. We have the inspirations that turn into big ideas and hope. We drive the research, and we start the projects. We are the people that advance the realized solutions, and bring them together in new creative ways to exponentially grow our ability to change the world. And, the potential is limitless. 193
  193. 193. “We are made wise not by the recollection of our past, but by the responsibility for our future.” George Bernard Shaw 194
  194. 194. Welcome to 2018, the Future starts here. 195
  195. 195. 196 Nikolas Badminton Futurist & Researcher 2018The year of radical creativity.
  196. 196. 197 Nikolas Badminton, Futurist Vancouver / Toronto / London (UK) Nikolas is a world-respected futurist speaker, author, and researcher. He wows audiences with keynote speeches on the impact of exponential technologies including: Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality; Work Productivity; The Sharing Economy; Autonomous Transportation; Smart Cities; Education; The Future of AI integrated with Life and Business; and Predictions for humanity from 2018 to 2030, and beyond. Click here to contact him.
  197. 197. 198 Nikolas Badminton Futurist & Researcher w: e: t: @nikolasfuturist