Overview• This presentation will give a brief description of assistive technologies.• Please note that reference to individualized education plan’s can also refer to accommodation letters at the college level.
What is Assistive Technology?• Assistive Technology was first introduced in the Technology-Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) in 1988. (NASET)• Assistive Technology is “any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability. The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such device” (U.S. Department of Education)
How to Choose Technology to Use?• IDEA provides guidelines for how to choose assistive technology (Assistive Technology Implementation Guidelines)• Individualized Education Plans (IEP) are required be IDEA for all students who qualify for special education (Cennamo)• This plan is built with a team of people and includes the technologies to be used to assist the student
Types of Assistive Technology Category Function/Uses Examples Mobility and Ensure comfortable and Wheelchair Positioning Aids effective solution for sitting, Walker standing, resting or moving Stander Cushions Sensory Tools Assist people who are blind, Hearing Aids visually impaired, or hearing Auditory Trainers impaired Eyeglasses Text-to-speech software Daily Living Tools Increase independence and Adapted eating utensils assist with performing functional Buttoner living skills Environmental Tools Assist people to manipulate Electronic systems which their environments control access to lights, appliances, television, etc.Adapted from Cennamo Table 6.2
Types of Assistive Technology Category Function/Uses Examples Instructional Assist in education and Overhead transparencies Tools instruction Audiotape players Software Internet Technology Computer Assist with using the Adapted keyboards, mice, and Access computer switches Settings on computer Alternative and Assist people who may have Speech synthesizers Augmentative speech difficulties, are Text-to-speech software Communication nonverbal, or have difficulty Telecommunication devices for the Tools with oral communication deaf Motivational Promote participation in Adapted sport equipment Tools cultural events and leisure Special prosthetic devices time activities for individuals Audio descriptions of movies with disabilities Large print or BrailleAdapted from Cennamo Table 6.2
Students• Three students with ADHD• One with auditory disability• Additional students with mild learning difficulties affecting reading and writing
Assistive Technologies that Can be Used• Note the assistive technologies used would be determined by an IEP team or Learning Disability Services at a university. For the purpose of this assignment I will be using resources found online• Examples were found from the U.S. Department of Education
Assistive Technologies that Can be Used• ADHD • Evaluate individual needs and strengths • Select appropriate practices • Examples vary greatly by student need. Technologies used can fall into these categories: • Academic Instruction • Using lecture slides to make instruction visual • Clocks to help with time management • Behavioral Intervention • Give praise • Remove nuisance items • Classroom Accommodations • Make sure chairs are good fit to help with fidgeting • Pointers to keep attention on task
Assistive Technologies that Can be Used• Auditory Disability • Presenting information visually (lecture slides) • Class notes • Seating near front of class • Telecommunication devices
Assistive Technologies that Can be Used• Mild Learning Disabilities • It is very difficult to determine AT without know the individual student • Examples could include writing assistance, note takers and extended test time.
Conclusion• I would like to close with the following quote from Michael-Jermoe Behrmann and Marci Kinas“Special educators are familiar with the need to createor customize instructional materials to meet the variedneeds of students with disabilities. Today, assistivetechnology can be more specifically targeted toaddress an individuals needs through the emergentpower and flexibility of electronic tools and the ways inwhich they are combined and used. These innovationsaffect teaching and learning as well as individualcapabilities.”
ReferencesAssistive Technology Implementation Guidelines (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.state.tn.us/education/speced/doc/21710atsupervisor.pdfBehrmann, M.J, & Kinas, Marci. (2002) Assistive technology for students with mild disabilites: Update 2002. Retrieved from http://www.ericdigests.org/2003- 1/assistive.htmCennamo, K.S., Ross, J. D., & Ertmer, P. A. (2010). Technology intergration for meaningful classroom use: A standards-based approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.National Association of Special Education Teachers. (2006). Technology related assistance for individuals with disabilities act. Retrieved from http://www.naset.org/techassist2.0.html.U.S. Department of Education. (n.d.). Sec. 300.5 Assistive technology device. Retrieved from http://idea.ed.gov/explore/view/p/%2Croot%2Cregs%2C300%2CA%2C300%252E5% 2CU.S. Department of Education. (2004). Teaching children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Instructional strategies and practices. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/8797/