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Sea ancient period


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Sea ancient period

  1. 1. Ancient Period: Southeast Asia
  2. 2. Southeast Asia <ul><li>Mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Insular </li></ul>
  3. 3. Neolithic Period: Evidences of an Indigenous Cultures <ul><li>Human remains found in Hoabinh, Vietnam tell us that the Australoid-Veddoid people lived during this period. </li></ul><ul><li>They were hunters, fisherfolks and farmers of rootcrops. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Features of SEA Civilization <ul><li>Gamelan Orchestra </li></ul>
  5. 5. Batik Design
  6. 6. Wayang or Puppet Shadow Theater The puppets are made of a dried, engrave and graphically colored cow skin.
  7. 7. Matrilineal society and high regard for women.
  8. 8. Early Empires in Mainland SEA Kingdom of Vietnam Kingdom of Funan, Chenla & Champa Angkor Empire Kingdom of Pagan Kingdom of Ayutthaya
  9. 9. Khmer or Angkor Empire (800 C.E. – 1400 C.E.) <ul><li>Most famous among the Southeast Asian empires that had adapted Indian influences. </li></ul>Angkor Wat – greatest temple of the Angkor civilization.
  10. 10. Bayon Temple at the heart of Angkor Thom was a magnificent structure .
  11. 11. Kingdom of Pagan <ul><li>It flourished in northern Burma. </li></ul><ul><li>Theravada Buddhism became an integral part of Burmese life. </li></ul>A Buddhist Temple in Myanmar
  12. 12. Kingdom of Ayutthaya <ul><li>It emerged in Siam or present day, Thailand. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist monuments and temples erected by Ayutthaya kings are still visible in Thailand today. </li></ul>Buddhist Novices in Thailand
  13. 13. Early Empires in Island Southeast Asia Empire of Srivijaya <ul><li>Kingdom of Srivijaya started in the 6 th century and lasted until 13 th century. It’s capital was Palembang, southeastern coast of Sumatra. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism became the dominant religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The power of Srivijaya was based on the ability to control the trade route, the Strait of Malacca. </li></ul>Strait of Malacca
  14. 14. Kingdom of Sailendras Borobudur – unique from other Buddhist temples, a holy mountain of more than 100 feet tall. The Borobudur is a Javanese monument.
  15. 15. The fall of Malacca at the hands of the Muslims signaled the beginning of the spread of Muslim influences in insular Southeast Asia. The Red Mosque in Malaysia A Muslim Family