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Maurya gupta empires


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Maurya gupta empires

  1. 1. Maurya Empire
  2. 2. Chandragupta Maurya 321 BCE-298 BCE <ul><li>Unified northern India </li></ul><ul><li>Defeated the Persian general Seleucus . </li></ul><ul><li>Divided his empire into provinces, then districts for tax assessments and law enforcement. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>He feared assassination  food tasters, slept in different rooms, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>301 BCE  gave up his throne & became a Jain. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Maurya Empire 321 BCE – 185 BCE
  5. 5. Asoka (304 – 232 BCE) <ul><li>Religious conversion after the gruesome battle of Kalinga in 262 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Dedicated his life to Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Built extensive roads. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Conflict  how to balance Kautilya’s methods of keeping power and Buddha’s demands to become a selfless person </li></ul>
  7. 7. Asoka’s Empire
  8. 8. Asoka’s law code <ul><li>Edicts scattered in more than 30 places in India, Nepal, Pakistan, & Afghanistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Written mostly in Sanskrit, but one was in Greek and Aramaic. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>10 rock edicts. </li></ul><ul><li>Each pillar [ stupa ] is 40’-50’ high. </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhist principles dominate his laws. </li></ul>
  10. 10. One of Asoka’s Stupas
  11. 11. Turmoil & a power Vacuum: 220 BCE – 320 CE Tamils The Maurya Empire is divided into many kingdoms.
  12. 12. Mauryan Buddhist Temple
  13. 13. <ul><li>The last Mauryan emperor was assasinated in 184 BC </li></ul><ul><li>A series of attacks brought northern India under foreign rule </li></ul><ul><li>- Greek kings ruled India </li></ul><ul><li>(183-130BC) </li></ul><ul><li>- Kushan rulers spread Buddhism (Mahayana and Hinayana) and traded with Rome </li></ul>