Gupta empire

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Gupta empire

  1. 1. Gupta Empire 320 CE – 647 CE
  2. 3. Gupta Rulers <ul><li>Chandra Gupta I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>r. 320 – 335 CE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Great King of Kings” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chandra Gupta II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>r. 375 - 415 CE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Profitable trade with the Mediterranean world! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hindu revival. </li></ul><ul><li>Huns invade – 450 CE </li></ul>
  3. 4. Fa-Hsien: Life in Gupta India <ul><li>Chinese Buddhist monk traveled along the Silk Road and visited India in the 5c. </li></ul><ul><li>He was following the path of the Buddha. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>He reported the people to be happy, relatively free of government oppression, and inclined towards courtesy and charity. Other references in the journal, however, indicate that the caste system was rapidly assuming its basic features, including &quot;untouchability,&quot; the social isolation of a lowest class that is doomed to menial labor. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Chandra Gupta 11
  6. 7. International Trade Routes during the Guptas
  7. 8. Extensive Trade: 4c spices spices gold & ivory gold & ivory rice & wheat horses cotton goods cotton goods silks
  8. 9. Gupta Achievements
  9. 10. Gupta Art Greatly influenced Southeast Asian art & architecture.
  10. 11. Medicine <ul><li>Printed medicinal guides </li></ul><ul><li>1000 diseases classified </li></ul><ul><li>500 healing plants identified </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>C Sections Performed </li></ul><ul><li>Inoculations </li></ul>
  11. 12. Mathematics <ul><li>Decimal System </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of Zero </li></ul><ul><li>Hindu-Arabic Numeral System </li></ul><ul><li>Pi = 3.1416 </li></ul><ul><li>The beginnings of Algebra </li></ul>
  12. 13. Literature <ul><li>Panchatantra- most famous story book with 87 stories </li></ul><ul><li>Many fables and folktales such as the Tale of Sinbad the Sailor were translated and became known in Persia and in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Kalidasa- often compared with Shakespeare </li></ul>
  13. 14. Kalidasa <ul><li>The greatest of Indian poets. </li></ul><ul><li>His most famous play was Shakuntala . </li></ul><ul><li>During the reign of Chandra Gupta II. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Astronomy <ul><li>Solar Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Calculated the size of the moon and Indian astronomers wrote on gravitation </li></ul>
  15. 16. Bhartrhari <ul><li>5c India court poet and philosopher. </li></ul>Knowledge is man's crowning mark, A treasure secretly buried, The source of luxury, fame, and bliss, A guru most venerable, A friend on foreign journeys, The pinnacle of divinity. Knowledge is valued by kings beyond wealth--- When he lacks it, a man is a brute.
  16. 17. The Decline of the Guptas <ul><li>Invasion of the White Huns in the 4c signaled the end of the Gupta Golden Age, even though at first, the Guptas defeated them. </li></ul><ul><li>After the decline of the Gupta empire, north India broke into a number of separate Hindu kingdoms and was not really unified again until the coming of the Muslims in the 7c. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Taj Mahal in Agra, India was built by Shah Jahan in 1632 for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Mogul Contribution

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