RATIONALIZATION in TEACHING PROFESSION
Dr. Jewish Araneta-Merin
1. Were teachers in the Philippines required of a professional license
since the establishment of the Philippine educational system?
CODE OF ETHICS FOR
Pursuant to the provisions of
paragraph (e), Article 11, of
known as the Philippine
Act of 1994 and paragraph (a),
section 6, P.D. No. 223, as
amended, the Board for
Professional Teachers hereby
adopt the Code of Ethics for
A. No, it was only with the effect of
R.A. 7836 that a professional license was
2. For greater efficiency and effectiveness, the Philippine educational
system is tri-focalized. What is a proof?
B. The presence of Dep. Ed for basic education, CHED for
higher education and TESDA for vocational education
3. When all other requirements are met, when should religion be taught in
public schools, as provided for in the Constitution?
4. With R.A. 9155, to which body were all the functions, programs, and
activities of the Department of Education related to Sports competition
A. Philippine Sports Commission
5. Which according to RA 9155 is considered the “heart of formal
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9155
August 11, 2001
AN ACT INSTITUTING A FRAME WORK
AUTHORITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY,
RENAMING THE DEPARTMENT OF
EDUCATION, CULTURE AND SPORTS AS
THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, AND
FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Section 2. Declaration of Policy.
The school shall be the heart of the
formal education system. It is where
Schools shall have a single aim of
providing the best possible basic
education for all learners.
D. The school
6. According to R.A. 9155, a school head has two roles, namely
administrative manager and __________.
Section 4. Definition of Terms.
(m) .School Head - is a person
responsible for the administrative and
instructional supervision of the school
or cluster of school
B. instructional leader
7. For a well managed classroom, is it wise to establish classroom routine?
C. Yes, it saves you a lot of time
8. Which practice helps the teacher maximize time for instruction?
In the proactive approach to classroom
management, the teacher uses different
behaviours to lessen the likelihood that a
student will act out. The student will achieve the
desired behaviour. A teacher can use a proactive
approach by establishing rules in the classroom
and praising students who behave according to
management is a teacher's response following a
student's misbehavior in the classroom. The
teacher imposes punishment that is fair and
consistent when dealing with a student's
inappropriate actions. An example of this would
be a student being excessively late to class. This
student may be punished by having to serve
detention after school.
B. Employ a reactive approach to discipline
9. Which practice in our present educational system is in line with Plato’s
thought that “nothing learned under compulsion status with the mind?”
B. Making the teaching-learning process interesting
10. Applying Confucius’ teachings, how would hiring personnel select
the most fit in government positions?
C. By record evaluation done by an accrediting body
11. “Moral example has a greater effect on pupils’ discipline than laws
and codes of punishment’ is an advice for teachers from __________.
12. The significance of liberal education in holistic development of students
is supported by __________.
13. In the schools, we teach realities that cannot be verified by the
senses like an invisible God or Allah. Whose beliefs does this practice
14. Is a sick teacher, the only one assigned in a remote school, excused
from her teaching duty?
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4670
June 18, 1966
THE MAGNA CARTA FOR
V.LEAVE AND RETIREMENT BENEFITS
Sec. 25.Indefinite Leave. An indefinite
sick leave of absence shall be granted to
teachers when the nature of the illness
demands a long treatment that will
exceed one year at the least.
D. Yes, she is sick
15. Why is the exodus of Filipino professionals, descry bed as “brain
I.Those who go abroad are usually the better ones because they are the
ones who pass screening procedures.
II.Filipino professionals serve other countries instead.
III.They contribute to nation building through their dollar remittances.
D. I, II
16. What is a demonstration of your authority as a professional teacher?
A. You decide on how to teach a particular lesson
17. Which statement on true authority is WRONG?
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9155
i) Learning Facilitator - is the key learning support person who is
responsible for supervising/facilitating the learning process and
activities of the learner;
D. It seeks its own satisfaction and privilege
18. If you have a problem with another teacher, the first step towards
resolution should be for you to __________.
B. talk directly with the teacher involved
19. What is ethical for you to do if deep within your heart you do not agree
with the school policy on student absences?
A. Understand the policy and support
the school in its implementation
20. Teachers often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments
that adversely affect their teachings. Does this mean that teachers must
be pre-occupied only with their teaching?
C. No, because every teacher is expected to provide
leadership in activities for the betterment of the
communities when they live and work
21. A teacher does NOT agree with the selective retention policy of the
school and she openly talks against it in her classes. Is her behavior
C. No, it is her duty to faithfully carry it
out even if she does not agree
22. You want to report on a colleague’s act of immorality. You don’t have
the courage to confront her. To end her illicit affair with a married man you
write and secretly distribute copies of your anonymous letter against your
fellow teacher. What should have been done instead?
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4670
THE MAGNA CARTA FOR PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS
Section 9. Administrative Charges.
Administrative charges against a teacher shall be heard initially by a
committee composed of the corresponding School Superintendent of the
Division or a duly authorized representative who should at least have the
rank of a division supervisor, where the teacher belongs, as chairman, a
representative of the local or, in its absence, any existing provincial or
national teacher's organization and a supervisor of the Division. The last two
to be designated by the Director of Public Schools. The committee shall
submit its findings and recommendations to the Director of Public Schools
within thirty days from the termination of the hearings: Provided, however,
That where the school superintendent is the complainant or an interested
party, all the members of the committee shall be appointed by the Secretary
23. Teacher Wyneth, a teacher for forty years, refuses to attend
seminars. She claims that her forty years of teaching is more than all the
seminars she is asked to attend. Are her actuation and thinking in
accordance with the Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers?
B. No, a professional teacher, regardless of
teaching experience, ought to go through
24. A principal asked her good teachers to write modular lessons in
Science, and she had them published with her name printed as author.
Which is unethical in this case?
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9155
CHAPTER 1.GOVERNANCE OF BASIC EDUCATION
E. School Level
There shall be a school head for all public elementary schools and public high schools or a cluster
Consistent with the national educational policies, plans and standards, the school heads shall have
authority, accountability and responsibility for the following:
(1) Setting the mission, vision, goals and objectives of the school;
(2) Creating an environment within the school that is conducive to teaching and learning;
(3) Implementing the school curriculum and being accountable for higher learning outcomes;
(4) Developing the school education program and school improvement plan;
(5) Offering educational programs, projects and services which provide equitable opportunities for
all learners in the community;
(6) Introducing new and innovative modes of instruction to achieve higher learning outcomes;
(7) Administering and managing all personnel, physical and fiscal resources of the school;
(8) Recommending the staffing complement of the school based on its needs;
(9) Encouraging staff development;
(10) Establishing school and community networks and encouraging the active participation of
C. She got the merit which was due for
25. Is it ethical on the part of the teacher to proselyte (make converts) in
her classroom every Friday?
C. No, a teacher shall not engage in the
promotion of her/his religious interest in the
26. Which describes Philippine education during the Spanish Regime?
D. Emphasis on religious instruction
27. Which statement below is true about grade 7 in the Philippines?
A highly centralized public school system
Philippine Commission by virtue of Act No.
74. The implementation of this act created a
heavy shortage of teachers. As a result,
Philippine Commission authorized the
Secretary of Public Instruction to bring to
the Philippines more than 1,000 teachers
from the United States called the
Thomasites from 1901 to 1902. These
teachers were scattered throughout the
islands to establish barangay schools.
The same law established the Philippine
Philippine Normal University)
aspiring Filipino teachers.
D. The 1901 Department of Public
Instruction established Grade 7
28. A pregnant, unmarried woman aborted her baby to avoid disgrace. Is
she morally justified to do that?
29. Whose philosophical concept is that of Teacher A?
The learner is a product of his environment. Sometimes he has no choice.
He is determined by his environment.”
30. Teacher B’s response comes from the mouth of a / an __________.
Teacher B – “The learner can choose what he can become despite his
31. If you agree with Teacher C, you are more of a / an __________.
Teacher C – “The learner is a social being who learns well through an
active interplay with others”.
32. If you identify yourself with Teacher D, you adhere to the __________
Teacher D – “The learner is a rational being. Schools should develop his
rational and moral powers”.
34. To ensure that all Filipino children are functionally literate, which
mechanism is meant to reach out to children who are far from a school?
Alternative Learning System
-is a parallel learning system to provide a viable alternative to the existing
formal education instruction. It encompasses both the non-formal and
informal sources of knowledge and skills;
C. mobile teacher
35. Complete this analogy,
Spanish period: moral and religious person. American period: ____________.
36. Which is NOT a characteristic of education during the Pre-Spanish
37. Referring to the characteristics of the latest Basic Educational
Curriculum, which does NOT belong to the group?
B. Less prescriptive
38. Which program is Dep.Ed’s vehicle in mobilizing support from the
private and non-government sectors to support programs based on
DepEd’s menu of assistance packages?
39. Just as selected Filipino teachers today are sent to study, the
Americans did the same in 1903. These teacher scholars were known as
The Pensionado Act of
1903 (or Act 854)
refers to the law which
students to study in the United
States. Passed on August 26,
1903 by Governor General
William Howard Taft‘s
Philippine Commission, this
act provided funds for such
students, called Pensionados,
degrees at schools in the
40. Which Dep.Ed test do out-of-school youths and adults take enable
them to enroll in college if they pass it?
D. Accreditation and Equivalency
41. Which is compulsory for children of school ages as stated in the 1987
AND SPORTS EDUCATION
Section 2. The State shall:
complete, adequate, and integrated system of
education relevant to the needs of the people
(2) Establish and maintain, a system of free
public education in the elementary and high
school levels. Without limiting the natural
rights of parents to rear their children,
elementary education is compulsory for all
children of school age;
C. Elementary education
42. Which feature was TRUE of Philippine education during the Spanish
B. Emphasis on religious instruction
43. Which is in line with equitable access to education but runs counter to quality?
PACUCOA - Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities
C. Program accreditation
44. The National College Entrance Examination (NCEE) was abolished,
because it was perceived to be____________.
B. Against the democratization of access to
45. To avail of the Accreditation and Equivalency Test for adults and outof-school youth is in support of the government’s educational program
A. quality and relevance
46. An educator from Rotterdam who wrote the book “Liberal Education of
Children” where he advanced the idea of using games and play and
individualized instruction to educate children.
47. The Father of Reformation who wrote the 95 theses, denouncing the
48. He established a child centered school in 1840 which came to be
known as “Kindergarten”.
49. Classes begin in September and end in June of every
year. Duration of compulsory education is from entry of 6
years old to exit of 18 years old.
It is provided by the government, with control and funding coming from
three levels: federal, state and local. Educational standards and
standardized testing decisions are usually made by state governments.
Children are required to begin school with a one-year Kindergarten class
during the year in which they turn 4 or 5. They are required to continue
attending school until the age of 16 to 18, depending on the state, with a
growing number of states now requiring school attendance until the age
50. The entry age of compulsory education is 6 years old and exit age of
15 years old. Other students may get a job after year 10 or go to a TAFE
College to learn technical skills.
Has a high quality of
A. Basic Education :
i. Primary school is for six
ii. High school is for six yrs.,
junior(yr 7 - 10), senior high
(yr 11 – 12)
Academic yr. in Australia
begins in March and ends in
University level studies begin
with the undergraduate level.