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  1. 1. All About Alcohol
  2. 2. What is ALCOHOL? <ul><li>It is a drug that can change the way a person thinks, feels and acts. </li></ul><ul><li>It can also slow down the work of the brain. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Different Kinds of Alcohol
  4. 4. <ul><li>Ethanol or Ethyl Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>It is also known as “GRAIN ALCOHOL”. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Methyl Alcohol or Wood Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Has poisonous properties and is used as denaturant additive for ethanol for industrial purposes. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Isopropyl or Rubbing Alcohol <ul><li>Is commonly used as disinfectant and solvent in industries. </li></ul>
  7. 10. Types of Alcoholic Drink
  8. 12. Beer <ul><li>Produced by fermentation of sugar derived from starch-based material. </li></ul><ul><li>Most commonly used: Malted barley. Wheat, rice and corn are also widely used. </li></ul>
  9. 13. 4% 7% 5%
  10. 14. Wine Made from fermentation of grape juice. Grapes are usually used to produce wine but any fruit may be used.
  11. 15. 18% 12%
  12. 16. Distilled Liquor <ul><li>A liquid preparation meant for consumption containing ethyl alcohol. </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><li>Purified by distillation from a fermented fruits, vegetable or grain. </li></ul>
  14. 18. 45%
  15. 19. Mixed Drinks <ul><li>Any alcoholic drink mixed with juice, sodas or with other type of alcoholic drinks. </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>Alcohol content of mixed drinks depends on the amount of liquors mixed. </li></ul>
  17. 21. 30% 7% 15%
  18. 22. Blood Alcohol Concentration: <ul><li>Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is the percentage of alcohol in measured quantity of blood. </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>It can be determined directly through blood sample or indirectly through the analysis of exhaled air. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Pathways of Alcohol
  21. 25. <ul><li>MOUTH - where alcohol is taken in. </li></ul><ul><li>SMALL INTESTINE - most alcohol goes into the walls of the intestine and into the bloodstream. </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Bloodstream - carries alcohol to all parts of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Liver - oxidizes alcohol, changing it to water, carbon and energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Brain - alcohol goes to the brain carried through the bloodstream. </li></ul>
  23. 27. <ul><li>Self-check: </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction: Prepare ¼ sheet of paper SILENTLY. You are given 3 minutes to review. After the given time, kindly keep away everything. Place your books/notes under your chairs. </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>1. A liquid organic compound that affects normal body metabolism. </li></ul><ul><li>2-4. Differentiate ethyl, methyl and isopropyl alcohol. </li></ul>
  25. 29. <ul><li>5. These are produced by the fermentation of sugars derived from starch-based material. </li></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>6. Any alcoholic drink mixed with juice, sodas or with other type of alcoholic drink. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Made from fermentation of grape juice. </li></ul>
  27. 31. <ul><li>8-10. Give 3 first aid given to a drunken individual. </li></ul><ul><li>11. This carries the alcohol to all parts of the body. </li></ul>
  28. 32. <ul><li>13-14. The liver oxidizes the alcohol changing it to water, _______ and _________. </li></ul><ul><li>15.When alcohol reaches the ________, the individual is considered drunk. </li></ul>