Indian railway as a whole


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Indian railway as a whole

  1. 1. Slide contains • • • • • • • • History Services provided Management Organization structure Control headquarters Railway minister Railway Budget 2013-14 SWOT Analysis
  2. 2. About ‘Indian Railways’ • Railways were first introduced to India in 1853 from Bombay to Thane. • In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit • Indian state-owned enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways.
  3. 3. Conti... • It is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 mi) of track over a route of 65,000 km (40,000 mi) and 7,500 stations. • As of December 2012, it transported over 25 million passengers daily (over 9 billion on an annual basis). • 2011, IR carried over 8,900 million passengers annually or more than 24 million passengers daily (roughly half of which were suburban passengers) and 2.8 million tons of freight daily. • 2011–2012 Indian Railways had revenues of Total revenue 1119848.9 million (Us$17 billion) Freight 696759.7 million (US$11 billion) Passengers tickets 286455.2 million (US$4.4 billion)
  4. 4. Conti... • IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad,metre and narrow gauges. (Gauge- thi distance between the rails of a railway track) • It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India and are assigned codes identifying their gauge, kind of power and type of operation. • Its operations cover twenty eight states and seven union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
  5. 5. Conti... • Indian Railways is the world's ninth largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.4 million employees. • it holds, Freight wagons Passanger Coaches 59,713 Locomotives • 2,39,281 9,549 (43 steam, 5197 diesel, 4309 electronic locomotives)
  6. 6. Conti... • As of 31 March 2013, 23,541 km (14,628 mi) (36%) of the total 65,000 km (40,000 mi) km route length was electrified. • Since 1960, almost all electrified sections on IR use 25,000 Volt AC traction through overhead catenary delivery. • The trains have 5 digit numbering system as the Indian Railways runs about 10,000 trains daily.
  7. 7. Service provided • Passenger services -: Indian Railways operates 8,702 passenger trains and transports around Nine billion people annually across twenty-seven states and three union territories (Delhi, Pondicherry and Chandigarh). Sikkim is the only state not connected • Sub urban rail -: Many cities have their own dedicated suburban networks to cater to commuters. Currently, suburban networks operate in Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. • Freight -: IR carry a huge variety of goods ranging from mineral ores, agricultural produce, petroleum, milk and vehicles. Ports and major urban areas have their own dedicated freight lines and yards.
  8. 8. Management • IR is managing under several types like; - Crew Management Management Information System (MIS) Safety Information Management Systam (SIMS) Train Management System (TMS)
  9. 9. Conti... • Crew Management system: - Crew Management System(CMS) is a unique system in which accuracy and monitoring is automatically maintained. - The software system was rolled out in December 2007 and already installed at about 2200 data entry nodes at over 290 crew booking points. - These are spread over entire Indian Railways. - CMS at present has a database covering 89,000 crew members and over 30000 crew members are being booked daily through the system.
  10. 10. Center for Railway information system (CRIS)
  11. 11. Conti... • Train Management system (TMS) - The TMS is a multi-crore computer-based information system that collects realtime information on signals, tracks, points, routes, and circuits. - It transmits the timings of trains to controllers, who can then take decisions in realtime for diversion of trains, and other emergency train operations.
  12. 12. Organization Structure
  13. 13. Functional Branches • • • • • • • • • • • • The various Group A cadres are as below: Non Technical Services recruitment through Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC IRTS - Indian Railway Traffic Service IRPS - Indian Railway Personnel Service IRAS - Indian Railway Accounts Service RPF - Railway Protection Force Technical Services recruitment through Indian Engineering Examination conducted by UPSC IRSE - Indian Railway Service of (Civil) Engineers IRSEE- Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers IRSME - Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers IRSS - Indian Railway Stores Service IRSSE - Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers
  14. 14. Controling headquarters Zonal management • The current zones of the Indian Railways are Headquarter Central railway CR Mumbai East central Railway ECR Hajipur Eastern Railway ER Kolkata East Ccoast Railway ECoR Bhubaneswar
  15. 15. Railway Budget (2013-14) • • • • • • • • • • • Planned investment of Rs 63,363 crore for 2013-14. 67 new express trains to be introduced; 27 passenger trains. Railway expect revenues to show a balance of Rs 12,506 crore in 2013-14. 5.2 per cent growth in passenger traffic expected in 2013-14. No fresh hike in passenger fares. Freight earning to grow by 9 per cent to Rs 93,554 crore. Railways set to enter 1 billion ton freight club of China, Russia and US. Marginal increase in cancellation, reservation charges. Identification of 104 stations for up gradation in places with more than one million population and of religious significance Diesel price hike added Rs 3,300 crore to fuel bill of Railways. Operating ratio of 88.8 percent achieved. Electrification of 1,200 km to be completed this year.
  16. 16. Railway Budget • Free wi-fi facility to be provided in select trains. • 47,000 vacancies for weaker sections and physically challenged to be filled up soon. • REM Company to be set up to harness solar and wind energy. • Internet booking to be provided from 0030 hours to 2330 hours and strengthened with next-generation e-ticketing system to eliminate delays. • Plan to allow e-ticketing via mobile phones .SMS alert service being rolled out shortly to intimate passengers about reservation status. • Railways will use Aadhar data base for bookings and validation of passengers. • Seventeen bridges identified for repair. • Smoke and fire detection system envisaged. • Aim to eliminate 31,846 level crossings.
  17. 17. Union Railways Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal presented the Railway Budget in the Lok Sabha in New Delhi on Tuesday (Feb 26)
  18. 18. No new passenger fare hike announced 5% hike in average freight rates *Image via Bing
  19. 19. 67 new Express trains to be introduced *Image via Bing
  20. 20. *Image via Bing 58 train routes to be extended
  21. 21. 12th Plan railway size to be Rs 5.19 lakh crore, with gross budgetary support of Rs 1.94 lakh crore Financial Stability Rs one lakh crore to be raised from publicprivate partnership, Rs 1.05 lakh crore through internal resources in the 12th Plan
  22. 22. Steps for Safety *Image via Bing
  23. 23. Fire extinguishers to be kept in guard vans Smoke and fire detection system envisaged
  24. 24. Corporate Safety Plan to be prepared for ten-year period (2014-24). *Image via Bing
  25. 25. Elimination of 10,700 unmanned level crossings targeted during the Plan
  26. 26. 10% reservation for women in RPF Raised four companies of women RPF personnel, and another eight to be raised for women’s safety
  27. 27. Free wi-fi facility to be provided in select trains *Image via Bing
  28. 28. Special A/C coaches 'Anubhuti', to be introduced in select Shatabdi and Rajdhani trains to give excellent ambience with commensurate fare *Image via Bing
  29. 29. *Image via Bing Railways will use Aadhar data base for bookings and validation of passengers
  30. 30. Sources of Revenue In 2011–2012 Indian Railways had revenues of 1,119,848.9 million(US$19 billion) which consists of 696,759.7 million (US$12 billion) from freight and 286,455.2 million (US$4.8 billion) from passengers tickets.
  31. 31. Cost Structure
  32. 32. Railway Minister • • • • • • • • • • • M. Mallikarjun Kharge Minister of Railways Incumbent Assumed office 17th June 2013 Prime Minister - Manmohan Singh Preceded by - C. P.Joshi Constituency – Gulbarg Born 21 July 1942 (age 71) Warwatti, Bidar, India Political party - INC Spouse - Radhabai Kharge Mapanna Mallikarjun Kharge Occupation - Lawyer Religion - Buddhism
  33. 33. Conti... • • • • • • • Mapanna Mallikarjun Kharge, (born 21 July 1942) is an Indian politician and Incumbent Union Minister of Railwaysof the Republic of India. He is a member of the 15th Lok Sabha of India. He represents the Gulbarga constituency of Karnatakaand is a member of the Indian National Congress(INC) political party. He is a senior Karnataka politician and was the Leader of the Opposition in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly prior to contesting the 2009 General Elections. Prior to that he was the President of Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee during the 2008 Karnataka State Assembly Elections. He has won elections for a record 10 consecutive times having won the Assembly elections for an unprecedented 9 consecutive times (1972, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2008) and the recent 2009 General Elections from Gulbarga. Kharge is considered a competent leader with a clean public image and well versed in the dynamics of politics, legislation and administration.
  34. 34. SWOT Analysis
  35. 35. Strength • The biggest organization in the world under one management • Affordable to common man • Connects different cities and states • Co-operative employees
  36. 36. Weakness • Non pro-active employees • Corruption within department • Lack of safety • Poor infrastructure • Overcrowded • Delayed trains • Un hygienic food
  37. 37. Opportunity • Metro in commercial cities like Mumbai, Chennai etc. • Development in small cities • Profit through privatization • Technological advancement
  38. 38. Threats • Increasing price of diesel • Naxalites • Terrorism • Improvement of other infrastructure like roadways • Low cost airlines
  39. 39. Corrective Measures • Modernization. • Safety and security of passengers. • Track renewal and improvement in passenger amenities. • Reduction in operating ratio. • Better computerization of railways system. • Induction of new technology for signaling. • Capacity enhancement. • Reasonable hike in prices from time to time.
  40. 40. Can any one guess what it is ??
  41. 41. Notable Trains • Samjhauta Express is a train that runs between India and Pak . • Lifeline Express is a special train popularly known as the "Hospital-onWheels" which provides healthcare to the rural areas. • Vivek Express, between Dibrugarh and Kanyakumari, has the longest run  in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network. It covers  4,286 km in about 82 hours and 30 minutes.  • Double-decker AC trains have been introduced in India. The first double  decker train was Pune-Mumbai Sinhagad express running between Pune  and Mumbai .
  42. 42. Conti... • Palace on Wheels for promoting tourism in Rajasthan. •  Deccan Odyssey covering various tourist destinations in  Maharashtra and Goa • Golden Chariot train connecting popular tourist destinations  in Karnataka and Goa. 
  43. 43. Facts • Railway Network: India comes fourth with approx. 64,000 km of railroad after US, Russia, and China. • Distance Covered: The total distance covered by the 14,300 trains daily on the Indian Railways daily equals three & half times the distance to moon. • Passenger Load: The IR carries over 25 million passengers daily. Annually Indian Railways ferries 9 billion passenger.
  44. 44. Conti... • There are two UNESCO world heritage sites on IR the Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain Railways of India. • Longest Platform: Indian Railways owns the longest railway platform in the world at Kharagpur ,West Bengal with a length of 2,733 ft (1072.5 m). • Fastest train in India: New Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India.
  45. 45. At last.. The  most  cost  efficient  mode  of  transport,  Indian  Railways  enjoy  preference  over  other  public  transport  systems.  Used  extensively  for  passenger  and  freight  transfer,  Indian  Railways  proves  itself  the  forerunner  in  the transport sector as the most affordable, convenient and  well  connected  network.  With  thousands  of railway  stations across  the  country,  and  relatively  low  train  fare,  Indian Railways is the first choice for transfer goods and  commodities.
  46. 46. ` Prepared by: FANTASTIC-8 Nikita Sakdecha Shrushti Meheta Viral Ganatra Sunil Solanki Hemal Goda Devang Purohit Vivek Vithlani Mitesh Shah MBA ( sem-1) div.C