Functions Of The Counselor


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Functions Of The Counselor

  1. 1. Functions of the counselor<br />
  2. 2. Functions of the counselor<br />What a counselor does in the COUNSELING RELATIONSHIP<br />Centered upon the person whose primary functions are that of a counselor<br /><ul><li>Ideal:
  3. 3. What should the counselor do?
  4. 4. Actual:
  5. 5. What does he actually do?</li></li></ul><li>What should a counselor do?<br />Depends upon who is asked:<br />Different groups expect somewhat different things<br />
  6. 6. The groups<br />Students<br />Teachers<br />Administrators<br />Parents<br />Counselors themselves<br />Those who, though not counselors themselves, are professionally involved in the field <br />“Counselor’s Publics”<br />
  7. 7. Views: Students<br />Students see their function as primarily one of helping with educational and vocational planning<br />Though some see them as able to help with personal problems, this is not typical<br />
  8. 8. Views: Teachers<br />The idea the teachers have depends on what they observe counselors of that school do<br />Thus they share beliefs of students and parents: they provide educational and vocational assistance<br />Teachers, more often than students expect counselors to help students with personal-social problems<br />
  9. 9. Views: Administrators<br />Also expect help with students with school related problems, but:<br />Sees counselors are involved in instructional or quasi-instructional activities<br />Curriculum-planning<br />Testing<br />Attendance<br />Schedule making<br />
  10. 10. Views: Counselors<br />Recognizes the role in both counseling and in the guidance program, but with more emphasis on the former<br />He assumes other roles, such as consultant, resource person, researcher and educator but only as these support counseling relationships<br />
  11. 11. Views: Counselors<br />It is essential that the majority of a school counselor’s time be devoted to individual or small-group counseling. In a counseling relationship the counselor –<br />Assists the pupil to understand & accept himself as an indiviual, thereby making it possible for the pupil to express & develop an awareness of his own ideas, feelings, values & needs<br />Furnishes personal & environmental information to the pupil, as required, regarding his plans, choices or problems<br />Seeks to develop in the pupil a greater ability to cope wth & solve problems & and increased competence in making decisions & plans for which he & his parents are responsible<br />
  12. 12. Views: Counselors<br />Responsibilities in planning a Guidance Program<br />Assisting in defining objectives<br />Developing plans of action<br />Assist in continued Guidance program and curriculum development<br />Identifying guidance needs of students<br />Evaluating the program<br />Assisting other staff in evaluating their own contribution to the Guidance Program<br />
  13. 13. Views: Counselors<br />Others view the functions of the counselor in terms of problem solving or crisis needs.<br />“Trouble-shooting” views<br />Emphasis is on aiding in development<br />
  14. 14. Views: non-counseling professions<br />Commission on Guidance in American Schools<br />Counseling with students<br />Consulting with staff and parents<br />Studying changes in the character of the student population<br />Performing a liasion function<br />
  15. 15. Elementary Schools<br />“Elementary school counselor” is comparatively new<br />Its more difficult to differentiate functions as a specialist and as a member of the guidance team<br />Secondary counselors frequently work directly with individuals, while elementary counselors work indirectly<br />
  16. 16. Elementary Schools<br />Requires closer teacher-counselor and parent-counselor relationships<br />Greater need for manipulation of environment<br />Elementary children are not able to benefit from direct counseling<br />Must be tuned in to the dynamics of the classroom<br />
  17. 17. Secondary schools<br />Although not too different from Elementary Guidance, the context of secondary education focuses on Educational and Vocational assistance<br />Primary role: provide assistance in development<br />Secondary role: participating as a member of the guidance team<br />
  18. 18. What does the counselor actually do?<br />There is a discrepancy between what he should do and what is done<br />No complete consensus on what should he do<br />Its only recent that professional groups presented their detailed views on this<br />Schools have different resources<br />
  19. 19. Sample Calendar of Activities<br />Since there is no consensus, these are generally only suggested activities. Guidance needs vary from school to school.<br />
  20. 20. Sample Calendar of activities<br />Recurring activities<br />Conducting counseling interviews w/ students<br />Supervising or assisting with the maintenance of cumulative records<br />Interviews with parents<br />Consulting with teachers <br />Orienting new students<br />Making studies of students having special problems<br />Arranging referrals<br />Conducting exit interviews<br />
  21. 21. Sample Calendar of activities<br />September<br />Become acquainted with new teachers<br />Interview new students who were not seen during spring orientation<br />Review cumulative records of entering students<br />Request records of those students whom records have not been retrieved from previous schools<br />Alert teachers of students that may need special help<br />Supervise and assist orientation activities<br />Arrange distribution of handbook<br />Have new students fill up questionnaires for the cumulative record<br />
  22. 22. Sample Calendar of activities<br />October<br />Supervise clerical workers in entering cumulative records scores done previously<br />Check scores for those who needs special help<br />Inform seniors for college entrance testing<br />Make sure the new teachers that are part of information services are informed about available resources<br />Review and update occupational information file<br />Bring up to date information on scholarships<br />
  23. 23. Sample Calendar of activities<br />May<br />Assist with orientation meeting for pupils expecting to enter highschool/college next year<br />Preparing the removal of the graduating seniors’ files form the active file<br />Assist in students seeking summer employment<br />Prepare annual reports<br />Complete next years plan for guidance services<br />