Introduction Kosovo conflict in a European negotiations context Mutual gains of European Union in Kosovo conflict CONCLUSION
In the middle 1990s ethnic Albanian Kosovars wished for independence from Yugoslavia. Both Serbs and Kosovars laid claim to the region of Kosovo for different reasons. In response, Slobodan Milosevic’s Serbian security forces started a ruthless campaign against them. These perceived human rights atrocities were not lost on NATO and the UN. The second operation in Europe involving American forces since the end of the Cold War, Operation Allied Force commenced in March 1999. This was NATO’s first official military mission as an alliance, although it was not spawned by a direct attack on a NATO ally. NATO and the United States decided to intervene due to a variety of factors. First, Milosevic’s record of ruthless human rights atrocities was well known throughout the world. Second, policy makers in the United States and in NATO believed that stability in the Balkans was of central concern to overall stability in the region. Lastly, history had convinced leaders that Milosevic was willing to negotiate and easy to coerce. However, U.S. leaders underestimated the importance of Kosovo to Milosevic.
First stages of Kosovo conflict were different. Both sides demand justice and territory from everyone. Free trade tests governments ability to govern their territories functionally and to the benefit of their economic development and residents. Both Kosovo and Serbia have managed to strike freetrade agreements with other neighboring countries. Residents of the region and beyond have few problems in goods transfers to Kosovo or to Serbia. In other case Harvard professor Roger Fisher say that: The basic problem in a negotiation lies not in conflicting positions, but in the conflict between each sides needs, desires, concerns, and fears. Kosovo conflict as a part of Europe has influenced to all political, economic, cultural issues.
The developments in the ESDP (European Security and Defence Policy) were accompanied by the first peace support operations conducted by the EU. Though the EU has attempted to exploit the Kosovo crisis to begin openly pressing Serbia to give up the north in order to enhance its membership prospects, Both sides – Belgrade and Pristina – are well advised to do everything possible to find a peaceful solution. Playing with fire like this can only mean taking a step back on the way towards the European Union. NATO and EU try to solve this problem with method of negotiations.