Autism Spectrum Disorders            Niharika Thakkar            Child Guidance Centre and            Department of Behavi...
Autism   Onset   Course   Early Intervention   Prevalence   Therapies: Cognitive, social skills training,    speech a...
Applied Behaviour Analysis   Reinforcement   Punishment   Extinction   Frequency   Intensity   Duration
PositiveReinforcement              Punishment                Negative
Functional Behaviour Analysis   Task analysis   Chaining   Prompting: Verbal, Visual, Gestural,    Positional, Modeling...
   Discrete trial training   Incidental Teaching   Fluency Building   Pivotal Response Training- Initiation and self  ...
Educational Training   Individualized Educational Plan (IEP)   One to one   25 hours per week, 12 months per year   Lo...
Communication Interventions   Verbal Behaviour   Echoing   Language and Communication
Social Interventions  Developmental, Individual Difference,   Relationship-based (DIR)/Floortime   Model:- build healthy ...
Interpersonal Synchrony   Imitation skills   Turn taking   Maintain engagement with others   Home settings
Childrens Friendship Training   Response to teasing   Social skills   Being a sport
Technology Developments   I pad   I phones   Eye trackers   Brick burst
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Autism spectrum disorders therapies

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Autism spectrum disorders therapies

  1. 1. Autism Spectrum Disorders Niharika Thakkar Child Guidance Centre and Department of Behavioural Sciences and Mental Health, Sahyadri Hospitals ltd, Pune
  2. 2. Autism Onset Course Early Intervention Prevalence Therapies: Cognitive, social skills training, speech and occupational therapy. Pediatricians, nutritionists
  3. 3. Applied Behaviour Analysis Reinforcement Punishment Extinction Frequency Intensity Duration
  4. 4. PositiveReinforcement Punishment Negative
  5. 5. Functional Behaviour Analysis Task analysis Chaining Prompting: Verbal, Visual, Gestural, Positional, Modeling, Physical Fading Thinning a reinforcement schedule Generalization Shaping
  6. 6.  Discrete trial training Incidental Teaching Fluency Building Pivotal Response Training- Initiation and self management for inclusive settings Aversion Therapy
  7. 7. Educational Training Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) One to one 25 hours per week, 12 months per year Low student/teacher ratio Teacher Sensitization Special training for Parents Providing high degree of structure
  8. 8. Communication Interventions Verbal Behaviour Echoing Language and Communication
  9. 9. Social Interventions Developmental, Individual Difference, Relationship-based (DIR)/Floortime Model:- build healthy and meaningful relationships,- Natural emotions- Early-start Denver model •TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication handicapped Children)
  10. 10. Interpersonal Synchrony Imitation skills Turn taking Maintain engagement with others Home settings
  11. 11. Childrens Friendship Training Response to teasing Social skills Being a sport
  12. 12. Technology Developments I pad I phones Eye trackers Brick burst

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