Holographic Versatile Disc - Seminar

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A basic introduction to 'Holographic Versatile Disc' (HVD). HVD is considered as a fouth-generation optical disc. It allows for a storage of about 1 TB with a data transfer rate of 1 GB/sec.

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Holographic Versatile Disc - Seminar

  1. 1. Nitin Balakrishnan 08103046 HOLOGRAPHIC VERSATILE DISC 1 Guided by :- Sivananaintha Perumal P. 11/29/2011
  2. 2. Outline • Introduction • What is HVD? • Basics of Holographic memory • Technology used in HVD • Structure of HVD • Writing data • Reading data • Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD • Facts • FutureAspects • Conclusion • Reference 2
  3. 3. Introduction  HVD is an advanced optical disk that‟s presently in the development stage.  Storage capacity :- 1 terabyte (TB).  Data transfer rate :- 1 Gigabit per second.  The technology permits over 10 kilobits of data to be written and read in parallel with a single flash. 3
  4. 4. Introduction  An HVD would be a successor to today‟s Blu-ray and HD- DVD technologies.  Advancements in the technology were made, in the early 21st century.  Developed by the„Holography Storage Development Forum‟  HVD can store up to 60 times the data of a regular DVD and it can read and write data 10 times faster as well. 4
  5. 5. What is HVD ?  Definition:- Holographic versatile disc is a holographic storage format that looks like a DVD but is capable of storing far more data.  Prototype HVD devices have been created with a capacity of 3.9 terabytes (TB) and a transfer rate of 1 Gbps.  1 HVD = 5,500 CD-ROMs = 830 DVDs = 160 Blu-ray discs  Uses laser beams to store data in 3D. 5
  6. 6. What is HVD ? 6
  7. 7. Basics of Holographic Memory  Holography is a method of recording patterns of light to produce a 3D object.  The recorded patterns of light are called a hologram.  Creation of a hologram begins with a focused beam of light, a laser.  Laser splits up into 2 :-  Reference beam  Information beam 7
  8. 8. Basics of Holographic Memory  When light encounters an image its composition changes.  When the information beam encounters an image, it carries that image in its waveforms.  When the two beams intersect, it creates a pattern of light interference and that can be recorded on the photosensitive polymer layer of a disc. 8
  9. 9. Basics of Holographic Memory  To retrieve the information stored in a hologram, shine the reference beam onto the hologram.When it reflects off the hologram, it holds the light pattern of the image stored there.  This reconstruction beam is then send to a CMOS sensor to recreate the original image. 9
  10. 10. Technology used in HVD  Collinear holography –The laser beams are collimated.  Blue-green laser reads the data encoded in the form of laser interference.  Red laser serves the purpose of reference beam and to read the servo info.  A layer of dichroic mirrors, between the holographic and servo data layer reflects back the blue-green laser beam, letting only the red laser pass through it to reach the servo information. 10
  11. 11. Technology used in HVD  The concepts of collinear holographic memories are:  To increase the recording capacity, thick volume-recording media is used  The optical disk is pre-formatted with addresses and optical servo information  The beam for the optical servo is utilized to provide backward compatibility with the existing CDs or DVDs 11
  12. 12. Structure of HVD  The HolographicVersatile Disc structure consists of the following components:  Green writing/reading laser (532 nm)  Red positioning/addressing laser (650 nm)  Hologram (data)  Polycarbon layer  Photopolymeric layer (data-containing layer)  Distance layers  Dichroic layer (reflecting green light)  Aluminum reflective layer (reflecting red light)  Transparent base 12
  13. 13. Structure of HVD 13
  14. 14. Writing data  A simplified HVD system consists of the following main components:  Blue or green laser (532-nm wavelength in the test system)  Beam splitter/merger  Mirrors  Spatial light modulator (SLM)  CMOS sensor  Photopolymer recording medium 14
  15. 15. Writing data  Information is encoded into binary and is stored in the SLM.  These data are turned into ones and zeroes represented as opaque or translucent areas on a„page‟.  When the information beam passes through the SLM, portions of the light are blocked by the opaque areas of the page, and portions pass through the translucent areas.  When the reference beam and the information beam rejoin on the same axis, they create a pattern of light interference - the holography data.  This interference pattern is stored in the photopolymer area of the disc as a hologram. 15
  16. 16. Writing data 16
  17. 17. Writing data 17 Page Data Hologram
  18. 18. Reading data  To read, we‟ve to retrieve the light pattern stored in the hologram.  Laser is projected onto the hologram – a light beam that is identical to the reference beam .  The hologram diffracts this beam according to the specific pattern of light interference its storing.  The resulting light recreates the image of the page data that established the light-interference pattern – Reconstruction beam.  The reconstruction beam - bounces back off the disc, it travels to the CMOS sensor.  The CMOS sensor then reproduces the page data. 18
  19. 19. Reading data 19
  20. 20. Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD  Advantages :-  More storage  Reads and writes quickly  Price, expected to be slashed down  Disadvantages :-  Initial price of the player and disc are high.  Price and storage not confirmed, still in R&D. 20
  21. 21. Advantages, disadvantages and applications of HVD  Applications:-  Used for storing large amounts of data most likely for large companies.  Could be the most efficient way to backup information in the near future. 21
  22. 22. Facts  It has been estimated that the books in the U.S. Library of Congress, the largest library in the world , could be stored on six HVDs.  The pictures of every landmass on Earth - like the ones shown in Google Earth - can be stored on two HVDs.  With MPEG4 ASP encoding, a HVD can hold anywhere between 4,600-11,900 hours of video, which is enough for non-stop playing for a year. 22
  23. 23. Future aspects  Have tremendous implications in the commercial, industrial and d-Cinema realms.  Will find wide use for backing up and archiving the media libraries, including the one at the Hollywood studios 23
  24. 24. Conclusion  Materialized with the evolution of the collinear holography technology  Stores far more data than, what a DVD can.  Prototype HVD has a capacity of 3.9TB and a transfer rate of 1 Gbps.  Hence, 1 HVD = 830 DVDs = 160 Blu-Ray discs 24
  25. 25. Reference  [1]. Hideyoshi Horimai andY.Aoki,“Holographic versatile disc(HVD) System”  [2]. Optical data storageTopical Meeting 2006, 2006page(s):6-8.  [3.] Hideyoshi Horimai and XiaodiTan,“Holographic Information Storage System:  [4]. Today and Future,”Magnetics,IEEETransactions onVolume 43/Issue2,part 2 feb2007, page(s):943-947.  [5]. G. Deepika, “Holographic versatile disc” http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=5738819&isnumber=57 38811  [6]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd.htm  [7]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd1.htm  [8]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd2.htm  [9]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd3.htm  [10]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd4.htm  [11]. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hvd5.htm  [12]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holographic_Versatile_Disc 25
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  27. 27. THANK YOU !! 27

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