What is Cyberspace And CybercrimeCyberspaceAn electronic medium of computer system within which peoplecan communicate do research, or simply window shop.CybercrimeCrime committed using a computer and the internet i.e.where the computer used as an object or subject of crime.
History-The first recorded cyber crime took place in the year1820.-The first spam email took place in 1978 when it wassent over the Arpanet-The first VIRUS was installed on an Apple computer in1982
Hacking-Illegal intrusion into a computer system and/or network. i.e.Unauthorized accessChild pornography-Abuse children/teens sexually-More children would be using the internet and more are thechances of falling victim to the aggression of pedophilesComputer vandalism-Damaging or destroying data rather than stealing or reusing
DoS attack-Floods the bandwidth of the victims network or fills his e-mail box with spam mail depriving him of the services he isentitled to accessVirus Dissemination-Malicious software that attaches itself to other software(virus, worms, Trojan Horse)Software piracy-Theft of software through the illegal copying of genuineprograms
Net extortion-Copying the companies confidential data in order to extortsaid company for huge amountPhishing-Act of sending an e-mail to a user falsely claiming to be anestablished legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam theuser into surrendering private information that will be usedfor identity theftSpoofing-Getting one computer on a network to pretend to have theidentity off another computer,, usually one with specialaccess privileges ,so as to obtain access to the othercomputers on the network.
Cyber crime threatens national security-Ex union home minister Shivraj Patil said that the rising level ofcyber crime is an indication of an enormous threat to nationalsecurity.-Everything is being operated through computer and hence the riskincreases.-India is at eleventh position , U.S. being the first-Increase in number of cases reported
Cyber security-Involves protection of sensitive personal & business informationthrough prevention, detection and response to different onlineattacks-Protects from attacks by detecting and preventing
Do’s-Install a firewall , pop-up blocker-Ensure your virus definitions are up to date-Use strong passwords , don’t give personal information unlessrequired(not even phone number)-Use secure connections-Disable file sharing , turn off internet when not in use-Use spam filters , delete spam immediately-Use various passwords for various accounts-Don’t believe in everything you read online-Open attachments carefully-Beware of promises to make fast profits-Be smart , don’t act foolish and help in spreading spam
ConclusionThe only system which is truly secure is one which is switchedoff and unplugged.So , only way to be safe is Pay attention andAct smart.