Freda Donoghue


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Freda Donaghue from the Centre for Non-Profit Research in Trinity College Dublin traced the development of the voluntary and community sector in the south in order to help tackle the question of how the sector in Northern Ireland can organise itself to make an impact.

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Freda Donoghue

  1. 1. Does Policy Work Matter? <ul><li>Freda Donoghue </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Nonprofit Management </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity College Dublin </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>© Centre for Nonprofit Management, Trinity College Dublin </li></ul>
  2. 2. Does Policy Work Matter? <ul><li>The concept of substantive uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>The potential for substantive uncertainty in the Republic of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Policy infrastructure in Republic of Ireland – social partnership </li></ul><ul><li>What lessons for voluntary and community sector in Northern Ireland? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Concept of Substantive Uncertainty <ul><li>C&V actors play important political role through substantive uncertainty (Habib 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Social movements enable mobilisation of citizens and contestation of elites </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians kept accountable to citizens and democracy kept on its toes </li></ul><ul><li>SU creating uncertainty about the outcome or substance of politics </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of potential of SU in RoI through analysis of data gathered on roles and values in Mapping Project </li></ul>
  4. 4. Support for Roles and Values
  5. 5. Potential for SU (elite contestation and civic enablement) <ul><li>Societal Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining and/or changing values in society </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying and/or addressing present or new social needs </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a way through which individuals can interact with their community to produce a better society for all </li></ul><ul><li>Power Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Influencing or involvement in national policy development </li></ul><ul><li>Political values – where actions are motivated by a view on the distribution of political power in society </li></ul><ul><li>Economic values – where actions are motivated by a view on the distribution of economic power in society’ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Support for Societal and Power Factors
  7. 7. Organisational Characteristics Significant for each Factor <ul><li>Societal Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Est’d since 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Urban & rural beneficiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Civil rights and advocacy, Education, Community development and housing </li></ul><ul><li>Paid staff </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>State funding </li></ul><ul><li>Power Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Est’d since 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>National remit </li></ul><ul><li>Income greater €40k </li></ul><ul><li>Civil rights and advocacy, International development </li></ul><ul><li>Paid staff </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Social Partnership in Republic of Ireland <ul><li>Roots in wage rounds, revived in 1987: third sector in form of TUs, employer & farmer reps – constituencies’ interests </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with wage growth, industrial relations, taxation policy, macro-economic environment </li></ul><ul><li>C&V Pillar since 1996 – several important CVOs esp. in areas of poverty & disadvantage </li></ul><ul><li>C&V have broadened scope of Partnership Agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Childcare, local development, housing on agenda at times e.g. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Less political clout than other Pillars – do not have power to veto; seen to be more ‘residual’; and in tougher economic times less potential for negotiation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Lessons for the V&C Sector in NI? <ul><li>Policy work is important – creates SU which is important democratic function as enables mobilisation of citizens and contestation of elites </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional route (like social partnership) </li></ul><ul><li>Extra-institutional route </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for SU associated with certain requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational field also important </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusions <ul><li>Potential for substantive uncertainty recognised among third sector actors in RoI – two sides of SU coin (societal and power factors) </li></ul><ul><li>Different kinds of organisations associated with different factors – age, income, human resources and organisational field important </li></ul><ul><li>In social partnership, although C&V Pillar less room for manoeuvre, has broadened scope of National Agreements to include voices of societally disadvantaged </li></ul><ul><li>Policy infrastructure changing in Northern Ireland – potential for policy action and efficacy by voluntary and community actors </li></ul>
  11. 11. Does Policy Work Matter? <ul><li>Freda Donoghue </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Nonprofit Management </li></ul><ul><li>Trinity College Dublin </li></ul><ul><li>September 2007 </li></ul>