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Open Education Licensing


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Robin Wright and Carina Bossu introduce the Open Education Licensing toolkit

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Open Education Licensing

  1. 1. OEL Project
  2. 2. In this Presentation • Overview of Open Education Practices • Introduction to the Open Education Licensing (OEL) project • The research (survey) outcomes • The OEL Toolkit Demo • Key Legal Issues
  3. 3. But, before starting… What does 'Open Educational Resource' mean to you?
  4. 4. Paris ‘OER declaration’ UNESCO 2012 Paris OER declaration: Teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open licence that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions
  5. 5. The evolution of ‘open’ in higher ed. • Distance education (anywhere, anytime, no pre-requisites for entry and alternative pathways for exit) • Universities establish Open Access repositories of scholarly resources • Open Educational Resources (OER) • 2012 Year of the MOOC
  6. 6. Online education in Australia • 2012 – year of the MOOC • Australian teachers rely on educational statutory licences (in closed environments) • Australia has no Fair Use • © & licensing – critical challenge for sector • Meaning of ‘open’? • Need understanding of Open Licences – some more open than others! • OER – 5 Rs – more than just online access!
  7. 7. Copyright in Australia • Current Australian law less flexible than other jurisdictions • Purpose-based Fair Dealing / statutory educational licences • ALRC report on Copyright & the Digital Economy / Productivity Commission – recommend Fair Use • Exposure Draft 2016 – may simplify educational licences • Online education will still need Open Licences!
  8. 8. Expansion of MOOCs • Aust MOOCs / other ‘open’ course offerings steadily increasing • 7 Aust unis OERu partners • Business models differ • Experimenting with payment for add-ons (credit/online tutoring) • Commitment to Open Licensing for re-use?
  9. 9. ’Open’ at Australian universities Open MOOCs (P2Pu, OERu) edX Coursera Blackboard Coursesites Open2Study (OUA) Other (iTunes U, Edcast, Class2Go, Canvas, Future Learn, OpenLearning etc) No MOOCs MOOC platforms used by Australian universities 2014 Open MOOCs (P2Pu, OERu) edX Coursera Blackboard Coursesites Open2Study (OUA) Other (iTunes U, Edcast, Class2Go, Canvas, Future Learn, OpenLearning etc)
  10. 10. Open licensing at Australian universities No MOOC offered All rights reserved Open licence (Creative Commons) University MOOC Offerings in Australia by licensing 2014 No MOOC offered All rights reserved Open licence (Creative Commons)
  11. 11. Open Education Licensing project • Joint Swinburne / University of Tasmania • 2 yr research & development • Funding from Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching Examining OEP in Australian unis Developing practical info / licensing tools
  12. 12. Project Plan • June 2015 – Surveyed 389 staff from 38 Aust universities – 33.9% response rate • Asked managers / teachers / info experts – Role of OEP in their institution – Current / planned ‘open’ activities – Platforms / licences used – Policy/strategic reasons – IP issues • 2016 – used responses to develop OEL Toolkit
  13. 13. Library/Information Management Professionals 22% Educational/Instructional Designers 18% Copyright Officers 16% Teachers/Lecturers 16% Senior Executives 7% Administration/ Management staff 11% Technology Professionals Others 3% Survey Response Groups by Role Research outcomes/ about the sample
  14. 14. Types of learning and teaching resources created by others that are used or adapted 88% of participants use material found openly available on the internet 65% use scholarly publications. Other popular responses included: • resources created collaboratively in their organisation • resources created by colleagues in their institution • government produced resources • resources created in another institution • commercially produced resources
  15. 15. Platforms used by Australian universities to deliver open educational services
  16. 16. Why are Australian Universities participating in OER initiatives? • Enhancing global profile of institution’ (with 59% of participants saying it was very important) • Attracting more/new students. • Innovating design of learning resources • Exploring new pedagogical practices • Marketing opportunities
  17. 17. Intellectual Property (IP) issues considered by Universities when deciding whether to participant in open education initiatives? Primary concerns identified were: • complexity of copyright and licensing (generally) (88%) • Copyright ownership of material on the internet (83%) • Understanding of open licences (75.5%) • Risk of infringing someone else's copyright’ (71%)
  18. 18. Perceptions of copyright ownership at Universities A majority of participants (48%) think their institution is the primary holder of copyright regarding to any teaching materials they develop while some rights are granted to them. 30% believe their institution is the sole copyright holder with no rights granted to them.
  19. 19. Overall findings • Concern about complexity of licensing • ‘Open’ doesn’t always allow re-use • If copyright too difficult, resources not developed or disseminated • Lack of knowledge around licensing • Policies still being developed
  20. 20. Design and development
  21. 21. Interactive demonstration
  22. 22. Toolkit sustainability
  23. 23. Toolkit issues – FD R&S
  24. 24. Toolkit issues - employee
  25. 25. Toolkit issues – licence
  26. 26. Toolkit issues – link/copy
  27. 27. Toolkit issues – platform T&C
  28. 28. Toolkit issues – revise
  29. 29. Toolkit issues – moral rights
  30. 30. Support for this project has been provided by the Australia Government Office for Learning and Teaching. The views in this presentation do not necessarily reflect the views of the Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching.
  31. 31. Please attribute the “OEL Project Team” with a link to Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under University of Tasmania and Swinburne University of Technology logos are registered property of those universities. Third party marks and brands are the property of their respective holders.