What is Vitamin B ? Vitamin B is essential for growth and development, anda variety of many other bodily functions. They play a major role in the activities of enzymes, andthe proteins that regulate chemical reactions in thebody. This is important because it turns food intoenergy and other needed substances.
The Different Types of VitaminB• Vitamin Bcomplex• B1 • B2• B3 • B5 • B6• B7 • B9 • B12
What is Beneficial about Each ofthe "Bs” ? Vitamin B complex is all the vitamin B’s in one. Vitamin B1 (thiamin) and vitamin B2 (riboflavin) helpsthe body produce energy and affect enzymes thatinfluence the muscles, nerves, and heart. Vitamin B3 (niacin) has a role in energy production incells and helps keep the skin, nervous system, anddigestive system healthy.
Benefits cont. Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) influences normal growthand development. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) helps the body break downprotein and helps maintain the health of red blood cells,the nervous system, and parts of the immune system. Vitamin B7 (biotin) helps break down protein andcarbohydrates and helps the body make hormones.
Benefits cont. Vitamin B9 (folic acid or folate) helps the cells in thebody make and maintain DNA and is important inproducing red blood cells. Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) plays a role in the bodysgrowth and development. It also has a part inproducing blood cells, nervous system function, andhow the body uses folic acid and carbohydrates.
Vitamin B Can Prevent SomeTypes of Diseases Although, it is said that Vitamin B may help prevent thefollowing, further research is still be conducted.Breast cancer Cardiovascular diseaseCervical cancer Circadian rhythm sleepdisordersCognitive function Shaky-leg syndromeSickle cell disease DepressionDiabetic neuropathy FatigueFractures (prevention) High cholesterolImerslund-GrasbeckdiseaseJoint pain (elbow)
Were Can Vitamin B BeFound ? Vitamin B can befound in a pill form,or simply in the foodsyou eat.
Foods Sources of Vitamin B B1 and B2 are found in cereals, whole grains, andenriched refined grains. B1 is also found in potatoes,pork, seafood, liver, and kidney beans. B2 is found inenriched bread, dairy products, liver, and green leafyvegetables. B3 is found in liver, fish, chicken, lean red meat, nuts,whole grains, dried beans, and enriched refined grains. B5 is found in almost all foods.
Food Sources cont. B6 is found in fish, liver, pork, chicken, potatoes, wheatgerm, bananas, and dried beans. B7 is made by intestinal bacteria and is also inpeanuts, liver, egg yolks, bananas, mushrooms,watermelon, and grapefruit. B9 is in green leafy vegetables, liver, citrus fruits,mushrooms, nuts, peas, dried beans, and wheat bread. B12 is found in eggs, meat, poultry, shellfish, milk, andmilk products.
Vitamin B Deficiency Studies have shown that a deficiency of vitamin B12can lead to abnormal neurologic and psychiatricsymptoms. These symptoms may included: Ataxia (shaky movements) muscle weakness spasticity incontinence hypotension
Symptoms cont. vision problems dementia psychoses mood disturbances Researchers have reported that these symptoms mayoccur when vitamin B12 levels are just lower than normal.
Who is Normally at Risk ? People at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency include: strict vegetarians elderly people breastfed infants*Administering vitamin B12 orally, intramuscularly, orintranasally is effective for preventing and treating dietaryvitamin B12 deficiency.
Too Much Vitamin B ? Like vitamin C, theyre water soluble and therefore cantaccumulate in the body as can the fat-soluble vitaminssuch as A, D, E, and K. However, too high of an intake of certain of the "Bs"can present problems. For example, vitamin B6 cancause nerve toxicity. No harm would be done to the body if kept at lowerthan 300 mg per day.
Conclusion In conclusion, vitamin B is an essential part of a persondiet taken at the recommend amounts and are neededto help avoid many health problems.