WHAT ARE THE TYPES:• SIMPLE• COMPOUND• COMPLEX• COMPOUND-COMPLEX
THE FOUR TYPES:• Simple Sentences: – A simple sentence has one independent clause. – It can stand on its own with its own verb. – Examples: • I like puppies • Cats and dogs are very cute animals. – Simple sentences can have a compound subject and/or predicate also.
• Compound Sentences: – A compound sentence contains two independent clauses, each being able to stand on its own. • Examples: – I like dogs, but Angelica likes cats. – Cats are sleepy animals, while dogs have more energy.
• Conjunctive Connectors: – Remember the term “FANBOYS” • For • And • Nor • But • Or • Yet • So – These seven words are used to connect compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. – You must also use a comma with these connectors. – Examples: » I am very tired, but I will attend the party. » Stacy has forgotten about her project, so she will have to hurry to finish it before tomorrow.
• Complex Sentences: – Complex Sentences must contain one or more independent clauses and one dependent clause. • Examples: – I bought Romeo and Juliet, and put it in my backpack. – James loves math, and hates science.
• Compound-Complex Sentences: – Compound-complex sentences contain two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. • Examples: – I forgot to buy the book on Thursday, so I purchased it Friday when I finally remembered. – I like my math class, because my teacher is interesting, but gets boring.
YOUR TURN!• Categorize these sentences as either simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. – I like dogs and cats. – Even though James has a high grade point average, he is not intelligent. – I went to the circus on Sunday, and I bought cotton candy. – Science is interesting, but I find it boring, while others think its very helpful. – Birds are cute, but still wild animals. – English is very useful, for I have learned a lot from my teachers. – Dogs bark very loud; cats meow quietly. – Katey is very pretty, and also smart. – I find Physical Education in high school to be unneccessary.
TEST TIME!• Test yourself by seeing if you can create your own types of simple, compound, complex, and compound complex sentences.• Also look online for sentences that require you to find which are which.