Industrial Archaeology & Architecture 08 November 2012 Week 6
Today What is Industrial Archaeology and how can I do it?• Defining Industrial Archaeology• Trade and Industry in the Archaeological Record• Techniques for Industrial Archaeology
Classical Definition• Donald Dudley & Michael Ricks 1955 in The Amateur Historian the 18th and 19th Century, the monuments of the industrial revolution.• “The discovery, recording and study of the physical remains of yesterday’s industries and communications.” Baker (1963) Industrial Archaeology: An Introduction
Trade and Industry• A very old story indeed, so what is industrial archaeology?• In post industrial landscapes it is easy to understand the focus on the modern age but in cities like Southampton this makes less sense.
Techniques for Industrial Archaeology• Transience is what makes industrial archaeology unique.• It relies upon understandings of processes which are easily lost.• Taff Merthyr Colliery• Consequently we require two sets of techniques• Documentation and Preservation
1. Documentation• Record what remains and try to interpret it• Commonly known as ‘archaeology’!
Recording a Roman Port Complex• Port of Imperial Rome between the mid- 1st century AD and the 6thcentury AD• established by Claudius in the mid-1st century AD, enlarged by Trajan, and subsequently modified during the 3rd and 4thcenturies AD.• Civil Architecture on an Astonishing Scale
Questions Remain• Where are the people?• What were these buildings used for?• Mysterious remains hint at a medival life about which we know very little…
2. Preservation• Prevent understandings from being lost• Documents, instruction manuals, recorded material, oral histories.
How can I do Industrial Archaeology?Collect material!Think about the methods we have alreadycovered• Participation: Association of Industrial Archaeology English Heritage – Industrial Heritage at Risk http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/caring/heritage-at-risk/industrial-heritage-at-risk/ http://www.flickr.com/groups/industrialheritageatrisk/
Oral History• The perfect industrial method.• The original research technique.• Voices not usually heard.
Oral HistoryOral History Society http://www.ohs.org.ukWhat do you want to know?Who will you talk to?Which questions should you ask?