Child Undernutrition

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Child Undernutrition

  1. 1. Child Malnutrition The Effects of Child malnutrition in the developing world. By: Nicole Townsend
  2. 2. Malnutrition and Death <ul><li>Global mortality among children ages 5 and under around 9.7-10.6 million </li></ul><ul><li>53% related to malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>18% from diarrhea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairs weight and height gains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impairs cognitive development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guerrant, Richard L., Malnutrition as an enteric infectious disease with long-term effects on child development., Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 66, Issue 9, p 487-505, Sept. 2008. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Deficiencies <ul><li>Vitamin A and Zinc </li></ul><ul><ul><li>responsible for 9% deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iron and Iodine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>responsible for 0.2% deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These and other deficiencies account for 35% child deaths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guerrant, Richard L., Malnutrition as an enteric infectious disease with long-term effects on child development., Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 66, Issue 9, p 487-505, Sept. 2008. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Childhood <ul><li>Birth weight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Babies more likely to die within first year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictor of human capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joctan, A national shame. Economist, Vol. 392, Issue 8646, p 33-34 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Long-Term Effects <ul><li>Immune Function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low immune system allows for more health problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blood Lipids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>low blood lipids for life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to gain weight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Osteoporosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bones weaken and blood tissue thins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joctan, A national shame. Economist, Vol. 392, Issue 8646, p 33-34 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Leads to… <ul><li>Permanent impairment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less estrogen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future generations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Affects for life and children may be affected also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joctan, A national shame. Economist, Vol. 392, Issue 8646, p 33-34 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Environmental <ul><li>Biofuels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More food and corn gets put towards new biofuels than towards feeding the hungry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land gets used up and cannot farm anymore </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Ethics <ul><li>Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone has the right to eat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children cannot support themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Utilitarianism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Greatest good for greatest number” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share the food so the number of people not starving rises </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The End

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