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Right to information and
discovery: the Italian way
Nicola Canestrini
ERA Academy of European Law Lisbon, 27-28 February 2020
“Procedural Rights in the EU: Status Quo and the Need for Further Measures” ,
1
Inrtroduction
Echr
2
EuCharta
anddirective
3
TheItalian
way
4
Italian criminal justice
system
“semi-adversarial”
(inquisitorial approach)
Investigations are led by an
independent prosecutor
Judge for pretrial investigation
Inrtroduction
1
minimum
rights
ART 6/3 /A ECHR
TO BE INFORMED PROMPTLY, AND
IN DETAIL, IN A COMPREHENSIBLE
LANGUAGE, NATURE AND CAUSE
OF THE CHARGES (ART 6/3(A)
ECHR)
MATTOCCIA VS. ITALY, 2000
T. VS. ITALY, 1992
2
ECHR
minimum
rights
ART 6/3 /B ECHR
ADEQUATE TIME AND
FACILITIES FOR THE
PREPARATION OF A DEFENCE
ÖCALAN VS. TURKEY, 2005
2.1
ECHR
minimum
rights
EU CHARTA
ART 47
EuCharta
anddirective
3
DIRECTIVE 2012/13/EU
F22 MAY 2012
RIGHT TO INFORMATION IN CRIMINAL
PROCEEDINGS (2 JUNE 2014)
directive
2012/13
law
2014/101
EuCharta
anddirective
3.1
Register of notitiae
criminis
Notice of investigation
and letter of rights
Formal notice of end of
investigations
Pretrialphase
TheItalian
way
4
Register of notitiae
criminis
(art 335 It. criminal procedure code)
Every investigation has to be
formally registered
Information about pending
investigation upon request of
suspect, victim and lawyer
Secrecy? (Secrecy vs information?)
Violation?
Pretrailphase
4.1
critics
Notice of investigation
and Letter of rights
(art 369 and 369 bis It. criminal
procedure code)
Notice in case
of “guaranteed
act” (seizure,
arrest,
search, ..)
Letter of rights
Violation?
critics
Pretrailphase
4.2
Arrest and pretrial
detention order?
(art 293, 294 and 386 It.
criminal procedure code)
Pretrailphase
4.2bis
Formal notice of end of investigations
(art 415 bis It. criminal procedure code)
Formal notice to the suspect
on the conclusion of
preliminary investigations
“short description of the
charge, the rules of law
allegedly violated, the date
and place of the act”
Pretrailphase
4.3
notice that the file of the investigations can be
examined and copied (20 days term?)
Disclosure with No exception whatsoever
Violation?
Discovery of evidence
Pretrial detention order has to be
notified to the suspect with letter
of rights and can be examined with
requests of prosecutor and
relevant documents; lawyer has to
be informed
After Arrest questioning by
prosecutor has to start with
information and (limited) disclosure
Violation?
Pretrailphase
4.4
trialphase
Full disclosure of case file
(court and prosecutor)
trialphase
4.5critics
Right to information and discovery: the Italian way.

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Right to information and discovery: the Italian way.