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European Investigation Order:
the (new) Italian way
Nicola Canestrini
ERA Academy of European Law, National School
of Judiciary and Public Prosecution, Cracow, March
1st, 2018
Italian criminal justice system
“semi-
adversarial”
(inquisitorial approach)
independent
prosecutor leads
investigation
investigation
is mandatory
“rex in regno suo
est imperator”
mutual
assistance
mutual recogition
sovereignity
cooperation on
political basis
discretionality
no deadlines
lex loci
trust
cooperation of
judicial
authorities
“automatism”
deadlines
lex fori
Blind trust?
EAW experience
“Needs of international criminal
law enforcement cannot
prejudice fundamental rights”
Corte Costituzionale, decision 280/1985
EIO .. from blind trust
fundamental rights
protection
“rebuttable” presumption of
compliance of member states
with fundamental rights (§ 19)
specificity of national
systems
proportionality
principle (double
check)
primacy of EU law
BUT protection of
national constitution’s
principles
to distrust?
Directive 2014/41/EU of
3 April 2014
European
Investigation Order in
criminal matters
Law 21 June, 2017, n.
108 entered into
force
July 28 2017
Italy executing
MS: EIO is
received

(Italian)
executing authority:
prosecutor* of (27)
district court
validation (30 days)
execution (90 days)
EIO is executed with
formalities requested by
issuing State (lex fori)
respecting Italian
(fundamental) principles
(lex loci) exceptions
*judge of
preliminary
investigations
if requested by
issuing MS or by It.
Law
chamber hearing
defence
lawyer?
(new)
legal
remedy
right to be
informed and to
assist governed
by Italian law victims’ lawyer?
double
defense
CHECKS
respect of fair trial, fundamental
rights (Charta and Italian
Constitution), fundamental
principles of Italian law (artt. 1, 4/2,
10)
proportionality (art. 7)
mandatory refusal grounds (art. 10)
any problem?
direct contact!
(art. 6)
?role of defense of defendant and 3rd parties
?self restrictions
? mandatory refusal grounds
admissibility is decided by national court
“Power of love LAW”
Is it used?*casesinvolvingactiveroleofItalianJA*
060
120
180
240
(active)
2014 2015 2016 2017
227
17999
116
2018 (Jan, Feb)
28 EIO’s
18
rogatories
*Courtesy of
Eurojust,
Italian Desk
www.canestriniLex.com
t @canestrinilex  g+ +canestrinilex f canestrinilex

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European Investigation Order: The New Approach of the Italian Criminal Justice System

  • 1. European Investigation Order: the (new) Italian way Nicola Canestrini ERA Academy of European Law, National School of Judiciary and Public Prosecution, Cracow, March 1st, 2018
  • 2. Italian criminal justice system “semi- adversarial” (inquisitorial approach) independent prosecutor leads investigation investigation is mandatory
  • 3. “rex in regno suo est imperator”
  • 4.
  • 5. mutual assistance mutual recogition sovereignity cooperation on political basis discretionality no deadlines lex loci trust cooperation of judicial authorities “automatism” deadlines lex fori
  • 7. “Needs of international criminal law enforcement cannot prejudice fundamental rights” Corte Costituzionale, decision 280/1985
  • 8. EIO .. from blind trust fundamental rights protection “rebuttable” presumption of compliance of member states with fundamental rights (§ 19) specificity of national systems proportionality principle (double check) primacy of EU law BUT protection of national constitution’s principles to distrust?
  • 9. Directive 2014/41/EU of 3 April 2014 European Investigation Order in criminal matters Law 21 June, 2017, n. 108 entered into force July 28 2017
  • 10.
  • 11. Italy executing MS: EIO is received
 (Italian) executing authority: prosecutor* of (27) district court validation (30 days) execution (90 days) EIO is executed with formalities requested by issuing State (lex fori) respecting Italian (fundamental) principles (lex loci) exceptions *judge of preliminary investigations if requested by issuing MS or by It. Law chamber hearing defence lawyer? (new) legal remedy
  • 12. right to be informed and to assist governed by Italian law victims’ lawyer? double defense
  • 13. CHECKS respect of fair trial, fundamental rights (Charta and Italian Constitution), fundamental principles of Italian law (artt. 1, 4/2, 10) proportionality (art. 7) mandatory refusal grounds (art. 10) any problem? direct contact! (art. 6)
  • 14. ?role of defense of defendant and 3rd parties ?self restrictions ? mandatory refusal grounds admissibility is decided by national court “Power of love LAW”
  • 15. Is it used?*casesinvolvingactiveroleofItalianJA* 060 120 180 240 (active) 2014 2015 2016 2017 227 17999 116 2018 (Jan, Feb) 28 EIO’s 18 rogatories *Courtesy of Eurojust, Italian Desk
  • 16. www.canestriniLex.com t @canestrinilex  g+ +canestrinilex f canestrinilex