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European Investigation order and rights of the defence

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European Investigation order and rights of the defence

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How is internatoinal criminal cooperation on EU level affected by fundamental rights? "Online Conference “European Investigation Order – Legal Analysis and Practical Dilemmas”,

How is internatoinal criminal cooperation on EU level affected by fundamental rights? "Online Conference “European Investigation Order – Legal Analysis and Practical Dilemmas”,

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European Investigation order and rights of the defence

  1. 1. Rights of th e defenc e an d th e Europea n Investigation Order Nicola Canestrini Future of mutaL recognition and Judicial Cooeopration in Criminal Maters in the Eu - December 8-9, 2020
  2. 2. “Feindstrafrecht” “internationa l crimina l law enforcement need s canno t prejudic e fu ndamenta l right s ” Italian Constitutional court, judgement 280/1985
  3. 3. “Constitution s ar e chain s wit h whic h me n bin d themselves i n their san e moment s tha t the y may no t di e b y a suicida l han d i n th e day of their fre nz y .” John Potter Stockton, 1871
  4. 4. area freedom, justice security post Tampere 1999 right s trus t mutua l recognitio n fu ndamenta l right s th e right s of individual s i n crimina l procedur e (ar t 82 TFEU)
  5. 5. “Feindstrafrecht” EU & fundamental rights? art t . 2/6 Treat y of Europea n Unio n 53 Chart a fu ndamenta l right s
  6. 6. “Although all the Member States are party to the ECHR, experience has shown that that alone does not always provide a sufficient degree of trust in the criminal justice systems of other Member States.” (considerandum n. 6 dir. 64; considerando n. 7 dir. 13; considerando n. 5 dir. 48 Why EU procedura l right s ? “Strengthening mutual trust requires a more consistent implementation of the rights and guarantees set out in Article 6 of the ECHR. It also requires, by means of this Directive and other measures, further development within the Union of the minimum standards set out in the ECHR and the Charter.” (considerandum n. 7 Dir. 64; considerando n. 8 Dir. 13; considerando n. 6 Dir. 48 ..
  7. 7. “no t right s tha t ar e theoretica l or illusor y bu t right s tha t ar e practica l an d e ff ectiv e ” ECtHR, Artico v Italy judgment (1980)
  8. 8. Fundamenta l right s i n EU mutua l recognitio n instrument s : E A W Poltora k c as e c -452/16 (2016) Opinio n 2/13 acc es sio n EU t o ECHR A rany os i Caldarar u c -404/15 (2016) an d development s
  9. 9. Fundamenta l right s i n EU mutual recognitio n instrument s : EIO Gavanozov Cas e C-324/17 october 2019 Lega l remedie s ? Re fu sa l groun d of potentia l violatio n of fu ndamenta l right s (11.1 (f) A an d Other s c -584/19 (2020) Issuin g authorit y
  10. 10. Blind trust? EAW experience
  11. 11. Th e creatio n of a n are a of freedo m , securit y an d justic e withi n th e Unio n i s base d o n mutua l con fi denc e an d a presumptio n of complianc e b y other Member State s wit h Unio n law an d , i n particular, wit h fu ndamenta l right s . However, tha t presumptio n i s rebuttabl e . Consequentl y , if ther e are su bs tantia l ground s for believin g tha t th e ex ecutio n of a n investigativ e measur e indicate d i n th e EIO woul d resul t i n a breac h of a fu ndamental righ t of th e perso n concerne d an d tha t th e ex ecutin g Stat e would disregar d it s obligation s concernin g th e protectio n of fu ndamenta l right s recognise d i n th e Charter, th e ex ecutio n of th e EIO shoul d b e re fu se d . EIO DIRECTIVE 2014/41 (cons. 19) (EAW FD, 10) The mechanism of the European arrest warrant is based on a high level of confidence between Member States. Its implementation may be suspended only in the event of a serious and persistent breach by one of the Member States of the principles set out in Article 6(1) of the Treaty on European Union, determined by the Council (..) EIO
  12. 12. EIO .. fro m blin d trus t fundamental rights protection “rebuttable” presumption of compliance of member states with fundamental rights (§ 19) specificity of national systems proportionality principle (double check) primacy of EU law BUT protection of national constitution’s principles t o distrus t ?
  13. 13. Nationa l court s ?
  14. 14. " Th os e wh o woul d giv e up es sentia l Libert y , t o purch as e a littl e temporary Safet y , d es erv e neither Libert y nor Safet y ." Benjamin Franklin, 1755
  15. 15. canestrin i L ex .comt @canestriniLex  in canestriniLex f canestriniLex

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