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- 1. CHAPTER 1 1.4 FUNCTIONS
- 2. Into to functions Relation- two quantities that are related to each other by some rule of correspondence Function- a function f from a set A to B is a relation that assigns to each element x in the set A exactly one element y in the set B Set A is the domain (or set of inputs) of the function f, and the set B contains the range (or set of outputs)
- 3. Characteristics of a Function from Set A to Set B 1. Each element A must be matched with and element in B 2. Some elements in B may not be matched with any element in A 3. Two or more elements in A may be matched with the same element in B 4. An element in A (the domain) cannot be matched with two different elements in B
- 4. Four Ways to Represent a Function 1. Verbally by a sentence that describes how the input variable is related to the output variable 2. Numerically by a table or a list of ordered pairs that matches input values with output values 3. Graphically by points on a graph in a coordinate plane in which the input values are represented by the horizontal axis and the output values are represented by the vertical axis 4. Algebraically by an equation in two variables
- 5. Function Notation Input Output Equation 2 x f ( x) f (x) 1 x •f(x) is read as the value of f at x or simply f of x •f(x) corresponds to the y-value for a given x •You can write y = f(x)
- 6. Example of Finding a Solution Let g(x) = - x2 + 4x + 1 g(2) Replace x with 2 in g(x) = -x2 + 4x + 1 g(2) = -(2)2 + 4(2) + 1 = -4 + 8 + 1 g(2) = 5
- 7. A Piecewise-Defined Function Evaluate the function when x = -1 2 x 1 x 0 f ( x) x 1 x 0 •Because x = -1 is less than 0, use f(x) = x2 + 1 to obtain •f(-1) = (-1)2 + 1 •f(-1) = 2
- 8. The Domain of a Function Implied Domain – set of all real numbers for which the expression is defined Domain excludes x-values that result in division by zero f (x) 1 2 x 4 Another implied domain is one used to avoid even roots of negative numbers f ( x) x
- 9. Summary of Function Terminology Function- relationship between two variables such that to each value of the independent of the variable there corresponds exactly one value of the dependent variable Function notation: y = f ( x ) f is the name of the function y is the dependent variable x is the independent variable f(x) is the value of the function at x
- 10. Terminology Cont. Domain- is the set of all values (inputs) of the independent variable for which the function is defined Range- set of all variables (outputs) assumed by the dependent variable Implied Domain- consists of all real numbers for which the expression is defined

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