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John Campion Esb

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SEI Electric Vehicles Conference, April 2009

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John Campion Esb

  1. 1. SEI / ESB Conference on Electric Vehicles 18th Feb 2009 John Campion, Executive Director, Sustainability, ESB Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  2. 2. ESB Strategic Framework Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  3. 3. ESB’ “B e a wor ld lea ding comm ercially succ essful a nd e nvironme nta lly r esponsible utility” 2 035 Re ne wable s Susta inable Sustainable C ustomer - International business of Ge ner ation Networks Focus Gr owth sc ale 3 3% A sse t d isp osa l D e liv er Ene rg y Servi ce s UK – 30 00 M W r en ew ab le s by i n fra stru ctu re fo r cu stome rs 2 02 0 C le a n Co al / Eur op e – 1 60 0 CCS S mar t me ters MW tol led pl an t 1 40 0 MW Wi nd Op e n Cy cle S mar t N etw orks 1 50 MW Oce an Ga s Tur bin e Sustainability Programme National Leadership in Environmental Sustainability ESB will be exemplary in the management of its internal business in terms of environmental impact and energy efficiency 30% reduction Performance Staff in internal & Engagement carbon Reporting footprint by 2012 Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  4. 4. The Challenge of Sustainable Transport Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  5. 5. In 2005 Ireland emitted 70.3 Mt of CO2e. Transport, 13.0 EU ETS, 22.0 Non-ETS 48.3 Agriculture, 19.6 Other, 15.7 Source: EPA Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  6. 6. Non EU-ETS – 2020 Target 37.9 MtCO2e (20% cut!) 60 53.3 50 48.3 44.9 16.9 40 13.0 37.9 15.3 30 15.7 16.4 9.6 20 10 19.6 19.9 19.9 0 2005 2020 (Baseline) 2020 (With policy meansures) Agriculture Other Transport 7 Mt Gap at 20% cut; if required cut goes to 30% then gap rises to 11Mt Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply Source: EPA
  7. 7. Responding to the Transport Challenge Electric Vehicles Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  8. 8. Comparison of Electric Vehicles Fossil Grid Available – Fuel but limited 0% √ BEV range 30% √ Plug In 2010 + Hybrid 60% - Currently Hybrid Car available 100% - Fossil Fuel Car Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  9. 9. The Evolution of Electric Transport Battery electric (old Technology) Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Battery electric (New Technology) 2008 2020 •Electrification of transport seems inevitable •(E.g. “20% hybridisation of U.S. market by 2015” - Deutsche Bank) •Solutions developing for range extension (BEV) : •Battery exchange model •Fast Charging Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  10. 10. Battery Exchange / Fast Charging  Battery Exchange • Battery charged at home and /or at street / car park • If long journey requires new charge, customer has battery replaced at Replacement Station • I.T. solution allows driver to know status of battery, nearest charge points, battery replacement stations etc.  Fast Charging • Vehicle may have two charging connections • Standard single phase or 3 phase for overnight charging / opportunity charging while parked during day • 3 phase (or DC) for fast charging at specialised locations • 30 mins to 1 hour quick charge currently available • Target by manufacturers is 5 to 10 mins but technical issues remain Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  11. 11. Sustainable Transport ESB Initiatives Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  12. 12. Sustainable Transport – ESB Initiatives  Bio Fuels • Converting 100 ESB fleet vehicles to Bio fuels (B20, B30, B50, B100) • Joint study with University of Limerick to identify issues and develop technical solutions (launched Sept 08) • Follow-on project with UL on 2nd generation bio-fuels • Visible branding and promotion Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  13. 13. Sustainable Transport – ESB Initiatives  Electric vehicles for ESB Fleet • First battery electric vans delivered; plug-in Hybrid vans on order • Integrating with ESB fleet • Visible branding and promotion as electric vehicles  Electric cars for demonstration and promotion • Full-size battery electric cars (people carriers) • Offers to participate in European field trials of series-production battery electric cars • Plan to acquire plug-in hybrids Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  14. 14. ESB Project Work  Ongoing visits to battery and car manufacturers  Visits to other utilities / countries; e.g. EDF, EDP, Israel, Denmark, to understand their plans/models  Studying load, emissions, and economic impacts of EVs on electricity generation  Studying impact on electricity networks; including arrangements for charging infrastructure  Working with inter-dept. / agency working group evaluating the incentives to support EV penetration – Gov. target 10% by 2020 Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  15. 15. Load Impact of Electric Vehicles Night / off-peak charging improves the utilisation of generation and network 10,000 assets and facilitates Wind 8,000 6,000 MW 4,000 2,000 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  16. 16. ESB Project Work  Ongoing visits to battery and car manufacturers  Visits to other utilities / countries; e.g. EDF, EDP, Israel, Denmark, to understand their plans/models  Studying load, emissions, and economic impacts of EVs on electricity generation  Studying impact on electricity networks; including arrangements for charging infrastructure  Working with inter-dept. / agency working group evaluating the incentives to support EV penetration – Gov. target 10% by 2020 Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  17. 17. Enterprise Opportunities for Ireland  Cells, Batteries & Capacitors  Efficient Electric Motors  Power Electronics  Energy Efficient Auxiliaries  Hybrid & PHEV Integration  Systems Integration (Vehicle)  Systems Integration (Networks)  Charging equipment  Energy Economics Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  18. 18. Conclusions  The penetration of EVs is critical to reducing Ireland's CO2 emissions and dependence on oil.  ESB is very supportive of the Government's 10% EV target and is committed to ensuring that it will do whatever it can to help meet this target.  Strong government support will be needed to incentivise EVs  Delivering an appropriate charging network will be key to EV penetration. It is also of critical importance that there is open access for all car manufacturers and electricity suppliers  EVs will be able to avail of cheap electricity at night and have the potential to provide the electricity system with electricity during periods of peak demand.  Standardisation is a key issue for the industry.  Significant opportunities for Irish Enterprise and 3rd level institutions in EV Supply Chain Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply
  19. 19. Thank You John Campion, Executive Director, Sustainability, ESB Customer Supply & Group Services Power Generation & Supply

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