Jankowski, Vks E Research Slidecast, 26 June2008


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Presentation on e-Research, for VKS Research Meeting, 26 June 2008

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  • Slide 1 presentation (title) not same as paper (title) discussant: attention! Question to audience: who has previously heard of e-Science? Not “easy science” Basic characteristics: virtual organization utilization of high speed computers employing Grid architecture collaboration among researchers separated by distance Internet-based tools for data collection & analysis
  • Jankowski, Vks E Research Slidecast, 26 June2008

    1. 1. e-Research: Issues & Challenges <ul><li>Slidecast as background to VKS Research Meeting </li></ul><ul><li>26 June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas W. Jankowski </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities & Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>www.virtualknowledgestudio.nl </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul><ul><li>e-Research Project </li></ul><ul><li>Issues & challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    3. 3. Terminology: Alternative formulations <ul><ul><li>Cyberinfrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyberscience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Social Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Research </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    4. 4. Cyberinfrastructure <ul><li>Indiana University (March 2007), http://rc.uits.iu.edu/newsletter/archives/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cyberinfrastructure consists of computing systems, </li></ul><ul><li>data storage systems, advanced instruments and data </li></ul><ul><li>repositories, visualization environments, and people, </li></ul><ul><li>all linked together by software and high performance </li></ul><ul><li>networks to improve research productivity and enable </li></ul><ul><li>breakthroughs not otherwise possible. “ </li></ul><ul><li>Compared to ubiquitous infrastructures in society: </li></ul><ul><li>transport, electrical power, gas & water </li></ul><ul><li>Note : concept in flux; see Edwards et al. (2007) </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    5. 5. e-Science & Big Science <ul><li>CERN http://www.gridpp.ac.uk/pics/stand2004/cern.html </li></ul><ul><li>Big: budgets, staffs, machines, laboratories </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    6. 6. e-Science <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>National e-Science Centre, http://www.nesc.ac.uk/nesc/define.html </li></ul><ul><li>“ In the future, e-Science will refer to the large scale science that will increasingly be carried out through distributed global collaborations enabled by the Internet. Typically, a feature of such collaborative scientific enterprises is that they will require access to very large data collections, very large scale computing resources and high performance visualisation back to the individual user scientists.” </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sciences &engineering: primary; humanities & social sciences: secondary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grid computing: key component </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>alliance with computer science; tool development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>top-down mandate; incorporated into science policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>documents: sense of inevitability, technological determinism </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    7. 7. e-Research <ul><li>Rationale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad disciplinary relevance; social sciences and humanities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unhindered by proclivities of other terms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distant, international collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data preservation & access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet-based instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(high-speed) networked computers </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    8. 8. Illustrations : capita selecta <ul><li>e-Science </li></ul><ul><li>e-Research: social sciences </li></ul><ul><li>e-Research: humanities </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    9. 9. e-Science : large-scale instrumentation & distant collaboration <ul><li>Birnholtz, J. P., & Horn, D. B. (2007). Shake, rattle and roles: Lessons from experimental earthquake engineering for incorporating remote users in large-scale e-science experiments. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication , 12 (2), article 17. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue2/birnholtz.html </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    10. 10. Social Sciences: Data Visualization <ul><li>Vizster: Visualizing Online Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Http://jheer.org/vizster/ </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    11. 11. Humanities: Data Preservation & access <ul><li>International Institute for Social History </li></ul><ul><li>manuscript Communist Manifesto </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.iisg.nl/collections/manifest/manifest.php </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    12. 12. Humanities: Data Visualization <ul><li>The Qumran Visualization Project http://www.nelc.ucla.edu/qumran / </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    13. 13. Recapitulation: ways of imagining e-Research <ul><li>‘ Revolutionary’ change, transformation of scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>(merely) new tools for scholarship </li></ul><ul><li>Proposal: examine within components of research process </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    14. 14. Research Process: conventional <ul><li>Problem statement </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting findings </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    15. 15. Research Process: extended <ul><li>Problem statement </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection Project </li></ul><ul><li>  Management </li></ul><ul><li>Data analysis </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting findings </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    16. 16. Research Process: e-Research <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : managing, facilitating, supporting, monitoring research process; crisis intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Tools : communication software (e.g., video & audio conferencing, email, IM, web archiving software, questionnaire design software </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : data archiving, instrument construction, data collection, securing secondary data, data merging </li></ul><ul><li>Tools : web archiving software, questionnaire design software </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Data Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : data cleaning, coding, variable construction, statistical analysis, qualitative analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Tools : statistical package for data analysis (e.g., SPSS, SAS); qualitative data analysis software (e.g., Atlas) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting findings </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : collaborative composition, reference preparation, online publishing, </li></ul><ul><li>Tools : Google Docs, EndNote, Adobe Creator, Web tools </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    17. 17. e-Research Project: events <ul><ul><li>Etmaal conference (Twente, Nov. 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NCeSS workshop (Manchester, June 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal theme issue: JCMC (January 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AoIR panel (Vancouver, October 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goldsmiths panel (London, October 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oxford conference (Oxford, October 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Routledge monograph (early 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website of Project materials (2009 ….) </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    18. 18. e-Research monograph <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide panorama of early experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical diverse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on social sciences, with illustrations from e-Science and e-Humanities </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    19. 19. Overview of monograph E-RESEARCH: TRANSFORMATIONS IN SCHOLARLY PRACTICE <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>1 The context and claims of e-Research </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas W. Jankowski </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptualizing e-Research </li></ul><ul><li>  2 Towards a Sociology of e-Research: Shaping Practice and Advancing Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Ralph Schroeder & Jenny Fry </li></ul><ul><li>3 e-Research as Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Beaulieu & Paul Wouters </li></ul><ul><li>4 Many Challenges, Multiple Solutions: Facing the Barriers to Data Sharing and Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Ann Zimmerman, Nathan Bos, Judy Olson & Gary Olson </li></ul><ul><li>5 Developing the U.K. e-Social Science Research Program </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Halfpenny, Yuwei Lin, Rob Procter & Alex Voss </li></ul><ul><li>    Management and collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>6 e-Research and Scholarly Community in the Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Genoni, Helen Merrick & Michele Willson </li></ul><ul><li>  7 Creating Shared Understanding in Research across Distances and Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Petra Sonderegger </li></ul><ul><li>  8 Moving from Small Science to Big Science: Social and Organizational Impediments to Large Scale Data Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Eric T. Meyer </li></ul><ul><li>  Special Issues </li></ul><ul><li>  9 Naming, Documenting and Contributing to e-Science </li></ul><ul><li>Samuelle Carlson & Ben Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>10 e-Social Science Visualizations </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Thelwall </li></ul><ul><li>11 A Picture is Worth a Thousand Questions: Visualization Techniques for Discovery in Computer-Mediated Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Howard T. Welser, Thomas Lento, Marc Smith ,Eric Gleave & Itia Himelboim </li></ul><ul><li>  12 Web Archiving as e-Research </li></ul><ul><li>Steven M. Schneider, Kirsten A. Foot & Paul Wouters </li></ul><ul><li>  13 Intelectual Property in the Context of e-Science </li></ul><ul><li>Dan L. Burk </li></ul><ul><li>14 Open Access to e-Research </li></ul><ul><li>Rob Lucas & John Willinsky </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies </li></ul><ul><li>15 Situated Innovations in e-Social Science </li></ul><ul><li>Bridgette Wessels & Max Craglia </li></ul><ul><li>16 Wikipedia as Distributed Knowledge Laboratory: The Case of Neoloberalism </li></ul><ul><li>Clifford Tatum & Michelle LaFrance </li></ul><ul><li>17 The Rise of e-Science in Asia: Dreams and Realities for Social Science Research. Case Studies of Singapore and South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Carol Soon & Han Woo Park </li></ul>
    20. 20. Issues & Challenges <ul><li>Archiving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulty in archiving dynamic websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations with off-the-shelf archiving tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrictions on access to documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By itself visualization of data ‘says’ little; interpretation requires second data source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tension between status attributed to traditional book publishing and multimedia opportunities via online venues </li></ul></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    21. 21. Discussion <ul><li>What is the relevancy of e-Research to ‘ordinary’ humanities and social science scholars? </li></ul><ul><li>In what manner and to what extent are features of e-Research adopted / adapted in the social sciences and humanities across disciplines, scholarly cultures and political climates? </li></ul><ul><li>What areas / concerns merit investigation and facilitation? </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    22. 22. Selected Resources <ul><li>ACLS. (Dec. 2006). Our Cultural Commonwealth . Report of the American Council of Learned Societies Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. http://www.acls.org/cyberinfrastructure/ </li></ul><ul><li>Akins Report. (Jan. 2003). Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure. Report of the National Science Foundation Blue Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure. http://www.nsf.gov/od/oci/reports/toc.jsp </li></ul><ul><li>Baym, N. (Ed.) (2005). Is &quot;Internet Research&quot; a Virtual Field, a Proto-Discipline, or Something Else? Theme issue , The Information Society , 21(4): http://www.indiana.edu/~tisj/21/ </li></ul><ul><li>Bruns, A. (May 2007). Methodologies for Mapping the Political Blogosphere: An Exploration Using the IssueCrawler Research Tool. First Monday, 12(5). http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_5/bruns/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Edwards, P.N., Jackson, S.J., Bowker, G.C., & Knobel, C.P. Understanding Infrastructure: Dynamics, Tensions, and Design . (Jan. 2007). Report of a Workshop on “History & Theory of Infrastructure: Lessons for New Scientific Cyberinfrastructures”. http://www.si.umich.edu/InfrastructureWorkshop/documents/UnderstandingInfrastructure2007.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Hine, C. (2006). New Infrastructures for Knowledge Production: Understanding E-Science. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson, S.J., Edwards, P.N., Bowker, G.C., & Knobel, C.P. (June 2007). Understanding Infrastructure: History, Heuristics, and Cyberinfrastructure Policy. First Monday, 12(6), http://firstmonday.org/issues/issue12_6/jackson/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>Jankowski, N. W. (Ed.) (2007). Theme issue on e-Science, JCMC, 12(2), http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue2/ </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation Cyberinfrastructure Council (March 2007). Cyberinfrastructure Vision for 21st Century Discovery. http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2007/nsf0728/nsf0728.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Schroeder, R. (March 2007). e-Research Infrastructures and Open Science: Towards a New System of Knowledge Production? Prometheus , 25(1): 1-17. http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/08109028.asp </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting
    23. 23. Thank You! <ul><li>Nicholas W. Jankowski </li></ul><ul><li>Visiting Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Knowledge Studio for the Humanities & Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>www.virtualknowledgestudio.nl </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>26 June 2008 VKS Research Meeting