The Structure of the Constitution <br />(the blueprint of US Government)<br />
The Preamble<br />WE, the people of the United States, in order to… (PURPOSES)<br />Form a more perfect union<br />Establi...
Article I:  Legislative Branch<br />Sets up Congress (Bicameral)<br />House of Representatives (number of members per stat...
C. Lists powers denied to Congress <br />Cannot deny writ of habeas corpus (must be brought before judge and told of the c...
Article II:  Executive Branch<br />Qualifications for President<br /><ul><li>35 years old
Natural born citizen / live in US 14 years</li></ul>Describes powers & duties of President<br />	1.  Commander in Chief (m...
Article III:  Judicial Branch<br />Names highest court in nation (Supreme Court)<br />Allows Congress to set up more feder...
Appeals – cases involving CONSTITUTIONAL issues</li></li></ul><li>Full Faith & Credit Clause - <br />States must respect l...
Article V:Amendment Process<br />Change must be proposed by EITHER:<br /><ul><li>2/3 of Congress</li></ul>-OR-<br /><ul><l...
Article VII:  Ratification Process<br />Required 9 out of 13 states for ratification (approval)<br />Was ratified only aft...
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The structure of the constitution 11

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The structure of the constitution 11

  1. 1. The Structure of the Constitution <br />(the blueprint of US Government)<br />
  2. 2. The Preamble<br />WE, the people of the United States, in order to… (PURPOSES)<br />Form a more perfect union<br />Establish justice<br />Ensure domestic tranquility<br />Provide for the Common Defense<br />Promote the General Welfare<br />Secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves and our posterity<br />Do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.<br />
  3. 3. Article I: Legislative Branch<br />Sets up Congress (Bicameral)<br />House of Representatives (number of members per state determined by population) = 435 members<br />Senate (2 for every state) = 100 members<br />Lists powers of Congress<br />ENUMERATED POWERS <br />Collect taxes<br />Coin money<br />Regulate interstate trade/commerce<br />Raise an army<br />Declare war<br />Create post offices<br />ELASTIC CLAUSE (NECESSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE)<br />IMPLIED POWERS<br />
  4. 4. C. Lists powers denied to Congress <br />Cannot deny writ of habeas corpus (must be brought before judge and told of the charges against them.<br />Cannot pass bills of attainder(law that would punish someone without a trial)<br />Cannot pass ex post facto laws (law that would punish someone for an action committed before it was illegal)<br />Article I: Legislative Branchcontinued…<br />
  5. 5. Article II: Executive Branch<br />Qualifications for President<br /><ul><li>35 years old
  6. 6. Natural born citizen / live in US 14 years</li></ul>Describes powers & duties of President<br /> 1. Commander in Chief (military)<br /> 2. Appoint individuals to federal jobs<br /> 3. Give State of the Union address<br /> 4. Carry out laws<br />Describes electoral college system<br />D. Describes impeachment (formal accusation of wrongdoing)<br />
  7. 7. Article III: Judicial Branch<br />Names highest court in nation (Supreme Court)<br />Allows Congress to set up more federal courts as needed<br />Determines jurisdiction(which cases can be heard by Supreme Court)<br /><ul><li>Original jurisdiction = only cases involving ambassadors or state suing another state
  8. 8. Appeals – cases involving CONSTITUTIONAL issues</li></li></ul><li>Full Faith & Credit Clause - <br />States must respect laws, court decisions of other states <br />Requires extradition of accused criminals<br />States must send accused people back to state where crime occurred<br />Article IV: Relationships Between States<br />
  9. 9. Article V:Amendment Process<br />Change must be proposed by EITHER:<br /><ul><li>2/3 of Congress</li></ul>-OR-<br /><ul><li>2/3 of all states</li></ul>Change ratified by EITHER:<br /><ul><li>¾ state legislatures</li></ul>-OR-<br /><ul><li>¾ of state conventions</li></li></ul><li>Article VI: Supremacy Clause<br />Constitution = Supreme Law<br />National government always above states in power<br />
  10. 10. Article VII: Ratification Process<br />Required 9 out of 13 states for ratification (approval)<br />Was ratified only after Bill of Rights was promised to Anti-Federalists<br />

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