Open Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s Cities

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Open Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s Cities

  1. 1. openplans.orgOpen Infrastructure for Tomorrow’s Cities Nick GrossmanDirector of Civic Works, OpenPlans | @nickgrossman American Planning Association National Conference April 9, 2011 Boston
  2. 2. Photos: Mike Frumin, http://frumin.net
  3. 3. Image: The Matrix
  4. 4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 OpenPlans
  5. 5. OpenPlansPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  6. 6. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 peoplePhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  7. 7. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Cities, Open Government Software & JournalismPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  8. 8. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Cities, Open Government Software & Journalism Incubator for civic technology initiativesPhoto: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  9. 9. OpenPlans NYC nonprofit tech & media organization Founded in 1999, now 50 people Livable Livable Cities, Open Government Cities Software & Journalism Incubator for civic technology initiatives “Gov 2.0” “Open”Photo: eyeheartnewyork http://tumblr.eyeheartnewyork.com/post/1208761606/nyc-hacks-hackers-meetup-at-the-openplans
  10. 10. A standard for real-worldcollaborative issue-tracking
  11. 11. We are building open infrastructurefor livable, sustainable cities source: graphserver.org
  12. 12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Opportunity
  13. 13. “I spend most of my time assuming the world is not ready for the technology revolution” -- Eric Schmidt, Chairman, Google
  14. 14. 5 Exabytes* * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  15. 15. 5 Exabytes* Amount of data created between the dawn of time and 2003 * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  16. 16. 5 Exabytes* 5 Exabytes Amount of data created between the dawn of time and 2003 * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  17. 17. 5 Exabytes* 5 Exabytes Amount of data created Amount of data that between the will be created dawn of time and 2003 in the next two days * = 5 billion GigabytesSource: http://techcrunch.com
  18. 18. Graphic: GOOD
  19. 19. Source: Wired Magazine
  20. 20. Source: http://sanfrancisco.crimespotting.org
  21. 21. Image: http://graphserver.sourceforge.net
  22. 22. Source: MySociety
  23. 23. Source: New York Times
  24. 24. Source: http://blavish.com
  25. 25. What other datastreams can inform sustainable urbanization?
  26. 26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Leverage
  27. 27. A little information goes a long wayPhoto: Sam Lin - http://www.sldesigns.ca/photoblog/archives/2009/02/17/waiting-waiting
  28. 28. A little information goes a long way OneBusAway Seattle, WA
  29. 29. A little information goes a long way “I no longer sit with pitted stomach wondering where is the bus. It’s less stressful simply knowing it’s nine minutes away, or whatever the case” 44% of respondents reported being much more satisfied Source: OneBusAway
  30. 30. A little information goes a long way “While my work usage was pretty much on a fixed schedule, OneBusAway has made impromptu trips much more convenient.” Non-commuters reported the highest increase in usage Source: OneBusAway
  31. 31. A little information goes a long way“Having the ability to know when my buswill arrive helps me decide whether or not to stay at a bus stop that I mayfeel a little sketchy about or move on to a different one. 21% of respondents reported feeling safer Source: OneBusAway
  32. 32. Relatively minorinvestments in IT can have majorsustainability impacts
  33. 33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Openness
  34. 34. Real-time Server
  35. 35. Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  36. 36. Closed Model Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  37. 37. Closed Model Open Model Mobile, web & other apps Real-time Server
  38. 38. Closed Model • Single end-to-end solution • One user interface • “Black box” that can’t be customized • Reliance on single vendor (i.e., “lock-in”)
  39. 39. Closed Model
  40. 40. Open Model• Modular, open solution• Layers communicate via open data/standards• Components can be swapped out easily
  41. 41. Open Model• Modular, open solution• Layers communicate via open data/standards• Components can be swapped out easily DATA
  42. 42. Hardware layer Open Model
  43. 43. Server layer Open Model • Open source software • Easily customized • No vendor lock-in OneBusAway • Community of supporters
  44. 44. App layer Open Model OPEN DATA
  45. 45. BusTalk BusFinder
  46. 46. Governments are starting to thinkless like app developersand more like platform providers
  47. 47. CHALLENGES Change in control dynamics Community management Data integrity Licensing
  48. 48. TAKEAWAY Openness provides flexibility and fosters innovation
  49. 49. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Sharing & Collaboration
  50. 50. Boston
  51. 51. Boston NYC
  52. 52. Boston NYC Portland
  53. 53. Boston NYC Portland Pittsburgh
  54. 54. San Francisco BostonWashington D.C. New York City And many more (including int’l)
  55. 55. San Francisco BostonWashington D.C. New York City And many more (including int’l)
  56. 56. Ideas Apps Needs PoliciesDevelopers Citizens Data Governments
  57. 57. Ideas Apps Needs PoliciesDevelopers Citizens Data Governments
  58. 58. CHALLENGES Venues for collaboration Licensing Procurement
  59. 59. TAKEAWAY Sharing open technologies will require dedicated effort (but it’s worth it)
  60. 60. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Looking Ahead
  61. 61. ?Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  62. 62. Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  63. 63. Next generation planners should:Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  64. 64. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data”Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  65. 65. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit)Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  66. 66. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing)Image adapted from http://servopuff.com
  67. 67. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing) • Become advocates for open systemsImage adapted from http://servopuff.com
  68. 68. Next generation planners should: • Learn to work with “big data” • Learn to code (even just a little bit) • Study IP (licensing) • Become advocates for open systems • Be students of the internetImage adapted from http://servopuff.com
  69. 69. Thanks! Nick Grossman nick@openplans.org @nickgrossman on twitter openplans.orgcodeforamerica.org civiccommons.org

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