Democracy of Estonia is one country of northeastern Europe and one of three Baltic nations.
It borders with Latvia and Russia.
It is a small country with land size 45.226 km² and
with population of 1.282.963 inhabitants.
Independence from Soviet Union:20 August1991
Religion: Orthodox and Catholic Christians
Estonia consists mainly of low-lying plains, with
some hills in the central and southern regions.
Over 20 percent of the country's territory is
covered by Wetlands and lakes and reservoirs
cover another 5 percent.
The Pärnu is the longest river and follows a
southwesterly course into the Gulf of Riga at
The country has more than 1,500 islands. The
coastline stretches across 1,393 km.
Reformation and Swedish Estonia
Declaration of independence
World War II
Estonia joined the European Union in 2004 and
signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Estonian language has a great similarity with
Finish but it is not the same with the language of
the rest of the Baltic Countries such as Latvia and
Lithuania and neither with Russian.
The main areas of Estonian economy is machine
production, production of food, metallurgy,
chemical industry and the production of wooden
The country’s currency as of January 1st
2011 is Euro replacing Estonian Krönen.
Estonia is a member of United Nations and
The Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of
There is a multi-party system.
The Prime minister of Estonia is Andrus Ansip.
Estonian cuisine was heavily influenced from the
invaders of the area (Danes, Germans, Swedes,
Poles and Russians) throughout their history.
Some of the traditional dishes are eal, sausages
from blood of pig (Sauerkraut) and swine with
The city was a European Capital of Culture for
The city was known as Reval from the 13th
century until 1917.
Tallinn's old town is placed on the UNESCO
World Heritage List.
Kumu, an abbreviation of the Estonian
"Kunstimuuseum" (art museum), is one of the best
in the country and has even been chosen the
European Museum of the Year in 2008.
The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is the
largest orthodox church in Tallinn's old town. It is
built between 1894 to 1900.
Kuressaare Castle is a magnificent castle on
the island of Saaremaa off the coast of Estonia.
Located on a strategic spot this castle has
changed hands many times. Today the castle is a
very popular tourist sight.
Otto Wilhelm von Struve
He observed satellites of Uranus and of Neptune.
He also measured the rings of Saturn
Johann Voldemar Jannsen
He was an Estonian journalist and poet.
He wrote the national anthem of Estonia.
20th century music
Estonia won the Eurovision Contest in 2001 and hosted the Eurovision in 2002.
Kaia Kanepi at the 2011 French Open.
Estonian Football Association
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