Early medieval art upload

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  • Vellum is considered finer than parchment. The skin of freshly killed animals was soaked for days in water and lime, a caustic alkali that softens and loosens the hairs on the skin. The skin was then rinsed and stretched on a frame.
  • Once stretched tight, the skin was scraped to remove the hairs and then thinned to the desired thickness, using a moon-shaped blade to avoid a point tearing the skin. Next it was trimmed into sheets and folded into folios, and the edges were cut to make pages.
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow Celtic 660-680
  • St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow Celtic 660-680
  • St. Matthew, Lindesfarne Gospels, 710-25
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century
  • Gelasian Sacramentary Merovingian 8 th century
  • Early medieval art upload

    1. 1. Early Christian Art of Europe <ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Stokstad, 429-437 </li></ul><ul><li>Range </li></ul><ul><li>600-1100 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Anglo-Saxon, Hiberno-Saxon, Norse, Merovingian </li></ul><ul><li>Terms/Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Vellum, parchment, Genesis, Pentateuch, Gospels, Evangelist, Carpet Page, Incipit Page, illumination, </li></ul><ul><li>Monument List </li></ul><ul><li>St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 7 th Century CE. </li></ul><ul><li>The Evangelist Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels, Hiberno-Saxon, 710-725 CE. </li></ul><ul><li>Chi-Rho Page, Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Page with the beginning of Matthew’s Gospel, Lindisfarne Gospels, Hiberno-Saxon, 710-725 CE. </li></ul><ul><li>Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 7 th Century CE </li></ul>
    2. 2. Byzantine Empire “ An able Goth wants to be like a Roman; only a poor Roman would want to be like a Goth.” – Theodoric, King of the Visigoths
    3. 3. Early Medieval Art in the West
    4. 4. DANES (c. 960) NORSE (c. 970-1025) Areas Christianized, 900-1100
    5. 5. The Medieval Manuscript Parchment : Lambskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting. Vellum : Calfskin prepared as a surface for writing or painting.
    6. 6. <ul><li>Preparation of parchment </li></ul><ul><li>Placed on a stretcher </li></ul><ul><li>Then it was scraped </li></ul>
    7. 7. In some instances, the animal ’s skin is then sanded.
    8. 8. Purple Dye = Murex Shell Blue = Lapis Lazuli Green = Verdigris Gold Leaf
    9. 9. Genesis Rebecca at the Well, Vienna Genesis , 6 th Century CE. Captain Marvel Origin Story, 1973.
    10. 10. Pentateuch Story of Adam and Eve, from the Ashburnham Pentateuch, 6 th Century CE. Abel tending his flock Cain working the land Cain Murdering Abel
    11. 11. Gospels Ascension, Rabbula Gospels, 6 th century CE. Matthew, the Man Luke, the Ox Mark, the Lion John, the Eagle
    12. 12. The British Isles Durrow Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 600-660 CE
    13. 13. Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
    14. 14. Man (symbol of St. Matthew) Eagle (symbol of St. John) Ox (symbol of St. Luke) Lion (symbol of St. Mark) Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
    15. 15. St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
    16. 16. St. Matthew from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
    17. 17. St. John from the Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680 Detail from the Purse Cover, Sutton Hoo, Anglo-Saxon, 7 th century.
    18. 18. Mirror, Desborough, Anglo-Saxon, 1 st century BCE Carpet Page, Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon 600-660 CE
    19. 19. Book of Durrow, Hiberno-Saxon, 660-680
    20. 20. Lindesfarne The British Isles Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
    21. 21. Lindisfarne Monastery, Scotland.
    22. 22. Gospel Pages, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page
    23. 23. Gospel Pages, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Matthew Luke Mark John
    24. 24. The Evangelist Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE. Ezra Repairing the Gospels, Codex Amiatinus, 680-715.
    25. 25. Carpet Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
    26. 26. Incipit Page, Lindisfarne Gospels, Scotland 710-725 CE.
    27. 27. The British Isles Chi-Rho Page, Book of Kells, 9 th Century CE Iona
    28. 28. Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE. Gospel Page Carpet Page Incipit Page
    29. 29. <ul><li>St. Matthew, Book of Kells, Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century </li></ul>
    30. 30. Carpet Page, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE.
    31. 31. Beginning of Matthew, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE.
    32. 32. Chi Rho Iota Page, Book of Kells , Hiberno-Saxon, 9 th Century CE. Chi-Rho, San Vitale Ravenna, 547 CE
    33. 33. Two Cats Catching Mice Wafer
    34. 34. Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Alpha Omega The beginning and the end.
    35. 35. Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Fish = Ichthus I esous Ch ristos Th eou U ios S otor
    36. 36. Gelasian Sacramentary, Merovingian, 8 th century Visigothic Eagle Fibulae, Spain, 5-6 th century CE
    37. 37. Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th Century
    38. 38. Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th Century CE
    39. 39. Detail of Carving, Oseberg Ship Burial, Osberg, Norway, 825 CE. Stave Church, Urnes, Norway, 12 th century
    40. 40. The Secret of Kells, 2009.
    41. 41. The Secret of Kells, 2009.
    42. 42. The Secret of Kells, 2009.
    43. 43. ç The Secret of Kells, 2009.
    44. 44. The Secret of Kells, 2009.
    45. 45. Critical Thinking Questions <ul><li>How are both classical and northern traditions present in early Medieval manuscripts? </li></ul><ul><li>Why was the entire Bible not commonly reproduced? What types of book were produced instead? </li></ul><ul><li>How is “barbarian” metalwork significant to the history of northern manuscript painting? </li></ul>

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