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  • A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment
  • A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment
  • A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment
  • A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment
  • A masonry arch 1. Keystone 2. Voussoir 3. Extrados 4. Impost 5. Intrados 6. Rise 7. Clear span 8. Abutment
  • The first form of concrete. Devised by the Romans over two thousand years ago some of their concrete structures and buildings are still standing so it is also the longest lasting form of concrete.
  • Architecture upload

    1. 1. Art in the 3 rd Dimension: Architecture <ul><li>Reading: </li></ul><ul><li>Artforms , 189-205 </li></ul><ul><li>Terms/Concepts: </li></ul><ul><li>function, form, structure, compression, stretching, bending, post and beam, arch, keystone, arcade, vault, barrel vault, groin vault, dome, squinch, pendentive, buttress, pier buttress, flying buttress, coffer. </li></ul>
    2. 2. Key Issue for Every Building <ul><li>1. Function: how the building is used. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Form: how the building looks. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Structure: how the building stands up. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Key Issue for Every Building <ul><li>1. Function: how the building is used. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Form: how the building looks. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Structure: how the building stands up. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Architecture: Art and Science <ul><li>“ As an art , architecture both creates interior spaces and wraps them in an expressive shape .” </li></ul><ul><li>“ As a science , architecture is a physical problem: How does a structure hold up its own weight and loads placed on it” </li></ul><ul><li>--Patrick Frank, Artforms , 189. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Forces a Structure Works with <ul><li>Compression (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tension (   ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bending (  ) </li></ul>
    6. 6. Forces a Structure Works with <ul><li>Compression (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tension (   ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bending (  ) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Forces a Structure Works with <ul><li>Compression (  ) </li></ul><ul><li>Tension (   ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bending (  ) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Structures: Post and Beam (Also known as Post and Lintel ) Example: Stonehenge, Salisbury, England, c. 2500 BCE Post and Beam: Weight Distribution Beam (or Lintel) Post Post
    9. 9. Structures: Post and Beam (Also known as Post and Lintel ) Example: Temple of Poseidon, Athens, c. 430 BCE Post and Beam: Weight Distribution Beam (or Lintel) Post Post
    10. 10. Structures: Post and Beam (Also known as Post and Lintel ) Example: Frank Lloyd Wright, Ennis House, 1924. Post and Beam: Weight Distribution Beam (or Lintel) Post Post
    11. 11. Structures: Arches Arches: Weight Distribution Example: Byzantine Cathedral, Jerada, Syria, 5 th century CE
    12. 12. Structures: Arches Arches: Weight Distribution Example: Great Mosque at Cordoba, Spain, 10 th century CE
    13. 13. Structures: Arches Arches: Weight Distribution Example: Triumphal Arch of Trajan, Benevento, Italy, c. 98-117 CE.
    14. 14. Structures: Arches Arcade: Weight Distribution
    15. 15. Structures: Arches Arcade Example: Pont du Gard (Aqueduct), France, c. 1 st century CE
    16. 16. Structures: Vaults Barrel Vault Groin Vault
    17. 17. Structures: Vaults Barrel Vault Barrell Vault Example: Arena Chapel, Padua, Italy, 1303 CE
    18. 18. Structures: Vaults Groin Vault Palazzo della Ragione, Venice, Italy, 16 th century
    19. 19. Structures: Domes Dome on Squinches Dome on Pendentives Dome on a cylinder
    20. 20. Structures: Domes Dome on Squinches Example: Alai Gate, New Delhi, India, 1311.
    21. 21. Structures: Domes Dome on Pendentives Example: Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, 563 CE.
    22. 22. Structures: Domes Dome on a Cylinder Example: Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 693 CE
    23. 23. Structures: Buttresses Pier Buttress Flying Buttress
    24. 24. Structures: Buttresses Pier Buttress Example: Westminster Abbey, London, c. 1245.
    25. 25. Structures: Buttresses Flying Buttress Example: Cathedral de Notre Dame, Paris, 1163-1345 CE.
    26. 26. Structures: Suspension Suspension Structure Example: Jeppesen Terminal Building, Denver International Airport, 1994
    27. 27. Structures: Shell Shell Structure Example: Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia, 1957-1973.
    28. 28. Materials Innovative: Stones Inca Stonework (no mortar), Cuzco, c. 13 th century CE Stonewall with Mortar
    29. 29. Material Innovations: Concrete Concrete Example: Pantheon, Rome, 126 CE
    30. 30. Material Innovations: Cast Iron Cast Iron Example: Joseph Paxton, Crystal Palace, London, 1850-1851.
    31. 31. Material Innovations: Steel Steel Beams Example: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, New York, 1956-1958
    32. 32. Question: How does a building interact with its environment? Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater (The Edgar Kaufmann Residence), Bear Run Pennsylvania, 1936.
    33. 33. Question: How does a building interact with its environment? Frank Lloyd Wright, Fallingwater (The Edgar Kaufmann Residence), Bear Run Pennsylvania, 1936.
    34. 34. Question: How does a building interact with its environment? Johnson Wax Building, Racine, Wisconsin, 1936.
    35. 35. Question: How does a building interact with its environment? Johnson Wax Building, Racine, Wisconsin, 1936.
    36. 36. Question: How does the viewer fit into or interact with the space? Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, c. 563 CE. Human
    37. 37. Question: How does the viewer interact with or form the space? Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, c. 563 CE. Agia Dynami, Athens, Greece, c. 15 th century CE
    38. 38. Question: How does the viewer interact with or form the space? Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, c. 563 CE. Agia Dynami, Athens, Greece, c. 15 th century CE
    39. 39. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? The Roman Basilica
    40. 40. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? The Roman Basilica, a reconstruction of Trajan’s Basilica Ulpia, c.
    41. 41. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? The Roman Basilica, a reconstruction of Trajan’s Basilica Ulpia, c.
    42. 42. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? The Christian Basilica.
    43. 43. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? The Christian Basilica, Aula Palatina, built 3 rd century by Constantius Chlorus, converted to a church in the late 4 th century
    44. 44. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey, c. 563 CE.
    45. 45. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? Frank Gehry, Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles, 2003.
    46. 46. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? Frank Lloyd Wright, Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1959.
    47. 47. Question: How does the form of the building echo the practical and ideological functions of the building? Frank Lloyd Wright, Guggenheim Museum, New York, 1959.

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