Librarians as rational optimists: using top tech trends to build our future

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Librarians as rational optimists: using top tech trends to build our future

  1. 1. Librarians as Rational Optimists Using Top Tech Trends to Build Our Future eResource & Emerging Technologies Summit MSU University Libraries August 4, 2012 Nicole Hennig MIT LibrariesSaturday, August 4, 12
  2. 2. Trends • Human-centered design • Learning by creatingSaturday, August 4, 12
  3. 3. Libraries are re-defining and re-inventing themselves.Saturday, August 4, 12
  4. 4. The mission of libraries Expect More: Demanding Better Libraries for Today’s Complex WorldSaturday, August 4, 12
  5. 5. The mission of libraries The mission of a library is to improve society through facilitating knowledge creation in the community. - R. David LankesSaturday, August 4, 12
  6. 6. Human-centered designSaturday, August 4, 12
  7. 7. Three themes • natural user interfaces • accessibility • importance of beautySaturday, August 4, 12
  8. 8. NUI: natural user interfaceSaturday, August 4, 12
  9. 9. From GUI to NUI “natural user interface” Touch & gesture http://pugetworks.com/blog/2011/01/what-is-a-natural-user-interface/Saturday, August 4, 12
  10. 10. GUI: Graphical user interface WIMP: windows, icons, menus, pointersSaturday, August 4, 12
  11. 11. NUI: Natural user interfaceSaturday, August 4, 12
  12. 12. http://www.realmacsoftware.com/clear/ video: 51 secsSaturday, August 4, 12
  13. 13. gestures, no buttonsSaturday, August 4, 12
  14. 14. Touch interfaces enabling learning Heart Pro IIISaturday, August 4, 12
  15. 15. Touch-enabled learning video: http://j.mp/heartpro2Saturday, August 4, 12
  16. 16. audio & visual inputSaturday, August 4, 12
  17. 17. Voice control Text http://www.technologyreview.com/news/427793/where-speech-recognition-is-going/Saturday, August 4, 12
  18. 18. Voice searchSaturday, August 4, 12
  19. 19. Voice search by Dragon Nuance, makers of Dragon DictationSaturday, August 4, 12
  20. 20. Saturday, August 4, 12
  21. 21. Saturday, August 4, 12
  22. 22. Visual searchSaturday, August 4, 12
  23. 23. LeafsnapSaturday, August 4, 12
  24. 24. LeafsnapSaturday, August 4, 12
  25. 25. LeafsnapSaturday, August 4, 12
  26. 26. LeafsnapSaturday, August 4, 12
  27. 27. Leafsnap browse by locationSaturday, August 4, 12
  28. 28. AccessibilitySaturday, August 4, 12
  29. 29. Success stories of children with disabilities http://bridgingapps.org/2012/05/ivans-story/Saturday, August 4, 12
  30. 30. Success stories of children with disabilities http://bridgingapps.org/2012/05/ivans-story/Saturday, August 4, 12
  31. 31. The importance of beautySaturday, August 4, 12
  32. 32. Attractive things work better. - Don Norman Norman, D. A. (2002). Emotion and design: Attractive things work better. Interactions Magazine, ix (4), 36-42. http://www.jnd.org/dn.mss/emotion_design.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  33. 33. iOS Human Interface Guidelines Apple’s guidelines http://developer.apple.com/library/ios/#documentation/UserExperience/Conceptual/MobileHIG/Principles/Principles.html%23//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40006556-CH5-SW1Saturday, August 4, 12
  34. 34. Apple emphasizes “aesthetic integrity” Aesthetic integrity is not a measure of how beautiful an application is. It’s a measure of how well the appearance of the app integrates with its function. For example, an app that enables a productive task generally keeps decorative elements subtle and in the background.... Similarly, in an app that encourages an immersive task, such as a game, users expect a beautiful appearance that promises fun and encourages discovery. -------------------------- All Apps Need at Least Some Custom Artwork Even if your app enables a serious, productive task and uses only standard user interface elements, you still need to provide a beautiful, custom app icon that people will enjoy seeing in the App Store and on their Home screens. http://developer.apple.com/library/ios/#documentation/UserExperience/Conceptual/ MobileHIG/Principles/Principles.html%23//apple_ref/doc/uid/TP40006556-CH5-SW1Saturday, August 4, 12
  35. 35. InfographicsSaturday, August 4, 12
  36. 36. collecting infographics on PinterestSaturday, August 4, 12
  37. 37. Infographics A look at the modern college student http://www.the-digital-reader.com/2012/05/22/tech-changing-college-life-infographic/#.UBw22DFSgVpSaturday, August 4, 12
  38. 38. Infographic A look at the modern college student http://www.the-digital-reader.com/2012/05/22/tech-changing-college-life-infographic/#.UBw22DFSgVpSaturday, August 4, 12
  39. 39. Infographic A look at the modern college student http://www.the-digital-reader.com/2012/05/22/tech-changing-college-life-infographic/#.UBw22DFSgVpSaturday, August 4, 12
  40. 40. Create your own infographics http://visual.lySaturday, August 4, 12
  41. 41. all of this is human-centered designSaturday, August 4, 12
  42. 42. human-centered design makes it easier to learn and createSaturday, August 4, 12
  43. 43. what can libraries do?Saturday, August 4, 12
  44. 44. The mission of a library is to improve society through facilitating knowledge creation in the community. - R. David LankesSaturday, August 4, 12
  45. 45. Apps are facilitating knowledge creationSaturday, August 4, 12
  46. 46. Apps are facilitating knowledge creationSaturday, August 4, 12
  47. 47. Apps are facilitating knowledge creationSaturday, August 4, 12
  48. 48. Librarians can become “app-literate”Saturday, August 4, 12
  49. 49. Recommend & review apps http://libguides.mit.edu/appsSaturday, August 4, 12
  50. 50. Hold workshopsSaturday, August 4, 12
  51. 51. Learn about apps in this online course. http://apps4librarians.com/Saturday, August 4, 12
  52. 52. online course begins Oct. 15 http://apps4librarians.com/bookappsSaturday, August 4, 12
  53. 53. Sign up to be notified: http://tinyurl.com/nicole-coursesSaturday, August 4, 12
  54. 54. apps are where innovation in human-centered design is happeningSaturday, August 4, 12
  55. 55. Ideas - co-create apps with our students or faculty - offer workshops on app-creation or ebook creationSaturday, August 4, 12
  56. 56. Digital Divide But what about? - people who can’t afford iPads - people in without connectivitySaturday, August 4, 12
  57. 57. Donations http://www.mactrast.com/2011/09/ apple-donates-thousands-of-ipads-to- volunteer-teachers-in-low-income-areas/Saturday, August 4, 12
  58. 58. Schools providing iPads http://hereandnow.wbur.org/2012/03/23/ schools-textbooks-ipadSaturday, August 4, 12
  59. 59. Grants http://billingsgazette.com/news/state- and-regional/montana/business-gives-to- scobey-schools-for-ipads/Saturday, August 4, 12
  60. 60. Cell phones in developing world 1. Improves profits for farmers and business owners 2. Facilitates a consumer society 3. Provides less expensive access to communication 4. Replaces the Internet for those who cannot afford computers 5. Makes banking services accessible 6. Circumvents the frustrations of other infrastructure 7. Improves public health 8. Boosts national productivity 9. Helps vulnerable populations cope with natural disasters 10. Creates new jobs and business opportunities http://dsc.discovery.com/technology/tech-10/cell-phones-help-nations.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  61. 61. Cell phones instead of computers https://chronicle.com/ article/Laura- Czerniewicz/130937/Saturday, August 4, 12
  62. 62. http://www.itproportal.com/ 2012/05/15/one-tablet-per-child- technology-making-a-difference/Saturday, August 4, 12
  63. 63. Solar panels Kids learn on their own http://www.itproportal.com/ 2012/05/15/one-tablet-per-child- technology-making-a-difference/Saturday, August 4, 12
  64. 64. Explosion of iPads in schoolsSaturday, August 4, 12
  65. 65. http://www.flickr.com/photos/joepemberton/4831122143/in/photostream/Saturday, August 4, 12
  66. 66. Be where the future is happening with human-centered design.Saturday, August 4, 12
  67. 67. Saturday, August 4, 12
  68. 68. Learning by creatingSaturday, August 4, 12
  69. 69. Three themes 1. Libraries as maker spaces 2. DIY education 3. Startup cultureSaturday, August 4, 12
  70. 70. DIY is “in”Saturday, August 4, 12
  71. 71. 1. libraries as “maker spaces”Saturday, August 4, 12
  72. 72. What is 3D printing? Software http://www.123dapp.com/Saturday, August 4, 12
  73. 73. What is 3D printing? Hardware Low-cost kits availableSaturday, August 4, 12
  74. 74. What is 3D printing? $290 kit $400 built http://www.pcworld.com/article/255867/cheap_3d_printer_pops_out_parts_with_blazingly_fast_speed.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  75. 75. What is 3D printing? $500 http://youtu.be/A6z6kyISTR4Saturday, August 4, 12
  76. 76. Revolution in Art & Design using 3D PrintingSaturday, August 4, 12
  77. 77. 3D printing with biomaterials http://www.ted.com/talks/anthony_atala_printing_a_human_kidney.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  78. 78. hackerspaces makerspaces fab labsSaturday, August 4, 12
  79. 79. Hackerspaces http://www.npr.org/2011/12/10/143401182/ libraries-make-room-for-high-tech-hackerspacesSaturday, August 4, 12
  80. 80. Fayetteville Free Library http://www.forbes.com/sites/tjmccue/2011/11/15/first-public-library-to-create-a-maker-space/Saturday, August 4, 12
  81. 81. Maker spacesSaturday, August 4, 12
  82. 82. http://blogs.kqed.org/mindshift/2011/11/the-public-library-completely-reimagined/Saturday, August 4, 12
  83. 83. http://youtu.be/K0LkGJFjh38Saturday, August 4, 12
  84. 84. Maker spaces http://www.shareable.net/blog/everyone %E2%80%99s-a-maker-at-this-library- maker-spaceSaturday, August 4, 12
  85. 85. http://www.shareable.net/blog/everyone%E2%80%99s-a-maker-at-this-library-maker-spaceSaturday, August 4, 12
  86. 86. Fablab Univ. of Nevada, Reno Science & Engineering Library http://acrl.ala.org/techconnect/?p=1403Saturday, August 4, 12
  87. 87. Rapid prototyping But… the academic library? We would argue that the DeLaMare Science & Engineering Library and academic libraries in general are about knowledge creation, and “rapid prototyping represents the kernel activity of knowledge creation through action.” Spraggon & Bodolica, 2008. http://acrl.ala.org/techconnect/?p=1403Saturday, August 4, 12
  88. 88. 2. DIY EducationSaturday, August 4, 12
  89. 89. DIY EducationSaturday, August 4, 12
  90. 90. http://uncollege.org/Saturday, August 4, 12
  91. 91. Saturday, August 4, 12
  92. 92. Uncollege resource listSaturday, August 4, 12
  93. 93. Saturday, August 4, 12
  94. 94. Young people blogging about learning without college. http://www.davidmansaray.com/aboutSaturday, August 4, 12
  95. 95. Learning four-year MIT computer science curriculum in one year, on his own. http://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/Saturday, August 4, 12
  96. 96. Other information industries, from journalism to music to book publishing, enjoyed similar periods of success right before epic change enveloped them, seemingly overnight. We now know how those industries have been transformed by technology, resulting in the decline of the middleman — newspapers, record stores, bookstores and publishers. Colleges and universities could be next, unless they act to mitigate the poor choices and inaction from the lost decade by looking for ways to lower costs, embrace technology and improve education. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/26/opinion/fixing-college- through-lower-costs-and-better-technology.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  97. 97. Outside of traditional professions, however, these days you simply don’t need a stodgy old professor or some crapulent college dean in a ridiculous faux-medieval gown to tell you–and the world–that you’re credible in your field of study. Rather, you can go out and build a business that demonstrates your credibility. You can put up a bunch of great blog posts or videos that demonstrate your credibility. You can build a following that demonstrates your credibility. You can get referrals from within a trusted social network attesting to your credibility. http://business.time.com/2012/07/12/the-glorious-end-of-higher-educations-monopoly-on-credibility/Saturday, August 4, 12
  98. 98. MITx http://mitx.mit.edu/Saturday, August 4, 12
  99. 99. edX https://www.edx.org/Saturday, August 4, 12
  100. 100. Researching how students learn “Along with offering online courses, the institutions will use edX to research how students learn and how technology can transform learning—both on-campus and worldwide.” https://www.edx.org/aboutSaturday, August 4, 12
  101. 101. Credentialing Course free, credentials not http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2011/mitx-faq-1219Saturday, August 4, 12
  102. 102. MOOCs massive, open, online coursesSaturday, August 4, 12
  103. 103. Video: What is a MOOC? Dave Cormier, Univ. of Prince Edward Island http://youtu.be/eW3gMGqcZQcSaturday, August 4, 12
  104. 104. Knowledge is not “a thing to be acquired,” but an activity. “Good MOOCs, Bad MOOCs” At the heart of the work of Siemens and Downes is connectedness. Both have written importantly about the social character of learning, the way that actual learning means entering a community of persons asking tough questions, with a shared passion, etc. Relatedly, both insist that knowledge is not “a thing to be acquired,” but an activity. http://chronicle.com/blogs/brainstorm/good-moocs-bad-moocsSaturday, August 4, 12
  105. 105. “There is no benefit in giving kids iPads in school if you dont change school.” You cannot replace the Model T model of education with an iPad if you still believe learning can be produced by assembly line standards and standardization. - Cathy Davidson http://www.heraldsun.com/view/full_story/ 11092746/article-In-schools--are-iPads- anything-but-a-toy-Saturday, August 4, 12
  106. 106. Libraries & MOOCs get involvedSaturday, August 4, 12
  107. 107. 3. Startup cultureSaturday, August 4, 12
  108. 108. Entrepreneurialism in libraries http://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/handle/10919/18649Saturday, August 4, 12
  109. 109. http://theleanstartup.com/Saturday, August 4, 12
  110. 110. minimum viable product http://theleanstartup.com/Saturday, August 4, 12
  111. 111. http://theleanstartup.com/principlesSaturday, August 4, 12
  112. 112. Saturday, August 4, 12
  113. 113. http://www.designthinkingforeducators.com/Saturday, August 4, 12
  114. 114. User needs research Ethnographic methods http://www.slideshare.net/nic221/academic-ereading-themes-from-user-experience-studiesSaturday, August 4, 12
  115. 115. Saturday, August 4, 12
  116. 116. Themes from our research http://www.slideshare.net/nic221/academic-ereading-themes-from-user-experience-studiesSaturday, August 4, 12
  117. 117. Design thinking user needs researchSaturday, August 4, 12
  118. 118. Design thinking gamestorming techniquesSaturday, August 4, 12
  119. 119. compendium of techniques http://www.amazon.com/Gamestorming-Innovators- Rulebreakers-Changemakers-ebook/dp/B003XDUCLSSaturday, August 4, 12
  120. 120. Design thinking rapid prototyping build, measure, learnSaturday, August 4, 12
  121. 121. http://harvardmagazine.com/2012/07/library-test-kitchenSaturday, August 4, 12
  122. 122. Design thinking pivotSaturday, August 4, 12
  123. 123. Startup culture is learning by creating.Saturday, August 4, 12
  124. 124. 7 skills students need for their future Tony Wagner - Harvard’s Change Leadership Group 1. Critical Thinking and Problem Solving 2. Collaboration and Leading with influence 3. Agility and Adaptability 4. Initiative and Entrepreneurialism 5. Effective Oral and Written Communication 6. Accessing and Analyzing Information 7. Curiosity and Imagination http://portlandwizkid.wordpress.com/2011/06/24/7-skills-students-need-for-their-future/Saturday, August 4, 12
  125. 125. play, passion, purpose http://www.amazon.com/Creating- Innovators-ebook/dp/B005GG0NFU/Saturday, August 4, 12
  126. 126. Learning by creating 1. Libraries as “maker spaces” 2. DIY education 3. Startup cultureSaturday, August 4, 12
  127. 127. What can libraries do? - Begin to “think like a startup.” - Do rapid prototyping. - Build/measure/learn. - Get involved with DIY education.Saturday, August 4, 12
  128. 128. Saturday, August 4, 12
  129. 129. Librarians as rational optimistsSaturday, August 4, 12
  130. 130. http://techliberation.com/2010/01/31/are-you-an-internet-optimist-or-pessimist-the-great-debate-over-technology%E2%80%99s-impact-on-society/Saturday, August 4, 12
  131. 131. PessimistsSaturday, August 4, 12
  132. 132. OptimistsSaturday, August 4, 12
  133. 133. Information overload - a pessimist Swiss scientist, Conrad Gessner. The modern world overwhelms people with data. This overabundance is both "confusing and harmful" to the mind. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2010/02/dont_touch_that_dial.single.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  134. 134. Conrad Gessner He died in 1565. His warnings referred to the flood of information unleashed by the printing press. http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2010/02/dont_touch_that_dial.single.htmlSaturday, August 4, 12
  135. 135. There is reason to be optimistic.Saturday, August 4, 12
  136. 136. Peter Diamandis http://youtu.be/BltRufe5kkI http://www.xprize.org/Saturday, August 4, 12
  137. 137. http://www.xprize.org/ http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2011-10/x-prize-challenge-seeks-new-designs-and-inspiration- clean-future-oil-spillsSaturday, August 4, 12
  138. 138. Exponential growth http://uxmatters.com/mt/archives/2009/02/patterns-in-ux-research.phpSaturday, August 4, 12
  139. 139. Dean Kamen - Inventor: SlingShot water purification sudden breakthroughs http://youtu.be/VOQbVD7F1f4Saturday, August 4, 12
  140. 140. There is reason to be optimistic.Saturday, August 4, 12
  141. 141. As rational optimists we can: - facilitate knowledge creation - enjoy using natural user interfaces - use startup culture & design thinking - combine optimism with realism - leverage our desire to do goodSaturday, August 4, 12
  142. 142. Let’s use top tech trends to build our future.Saturday, August 4, 12
  143. 143. Nicole Hennig hennig@mit.edu http://apps4librarians.com/ Sign up to be notified: http://tinyurl.com/nicole-coursesSaturday, August 4, 12
  144. 144. Saturday, August 4, 12
  145. 145. Saturday, August 4, 12
  146. 146. Saturday, August 4, 12

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