Warof1812

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Warof1812

  1. 1. <ul><li>War Hawks – Congressmen who favored war w/ G. Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay (Kentucky) </li></ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun (S.C.) </li></ul><ul><li>President James Madison (elected 1808) </li></ul><ul><li>Congress declared war (1 st time) </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>First phase of war </li></ul><ul><li>*At sea – British blockade </li></ul><ul><li>USS Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>a.k.a. Old Ironsides </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>*Lake Erie – Oliver Hazard Perry </li></ul><ul><li>Flag - “Don’t give up the ship” </li></ul><ul><li>British surrendered </li></ul><ul><li>Perry sent message to Wm Henry Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>“ We have met the enemy, and they are ours.” </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>*Battle of Thames </li></ul><ul><li>Tecumseh is killed – weakens the Indian- British alliance </li></ul><ul><li> Second Phase of war </li></ul><ul><li>Invade Chesapeake Bay – take DC </li></ul><ul><li>August 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>residents fled </li></ul><ul><li>city burned </li></ul><ul><li>hurricane put fires out - spared </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Fort McHenry – </li></ul><ul><li>Baltimore, MD </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Scott Key </li></ul><ul><li>“ Star Spangled Banner” </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Treaty of Ghent (Belgium) </li></ul><ul><li>December 1814 </li></ul><ul><li>problems of impressment & trade were not settled </li></ul><ul><li>each returned conquered territory </li></ul><ul><li>talk later </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Battle of New Orleans – Andrew Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>January 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>built earthen walls </li></ul><ul><li>great victory </li></ul><ul><li>British casualties – 2,030 </li></ul><ul><li>American “ - 21 </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Hartford Convention </li></ul><ul><li>wanted New England to secede </li></ul><ul><li>success of war left Federalists w/ reduced power </li></ul>

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