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Jacksonian democracy


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notes 3/2

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Jacksonian democracy

  1. 1. Jacksonian Democracy Coach Pokorny
  2. 2. The Age of Jackson <ul><li>Hero of the War of 1812! </li></ul><ul><li>WHY???? </li></ul><ul><li>In 1824, Jackson received most of the popular and electoral votes, but feel short of the majority needed to win. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jackson’s Presidency <ul><li>Topics to focus on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jacksonian Democracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resented the election of 1824 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Started the Democratic Party </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced “Spoils System” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voting Qualifications (Property) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act (1830) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nullification Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff Crisis (1832-1833) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Election of 1824 <ul><li>He believe the election of 1824 was stolen by hands of “Corrupt Bargain”. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson believed In placing total power in the hands of the people--- </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted the people to Elect them Directly!!! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nominating Conventions <ul><li>Selection of Presidential candidates by party leaders was replaced </li></ul><ul><li>Nominating convention, where popular elected officials of each political party chose their candidates. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Presidency of Andrew Jackson Election of 1828 <ul><li>More than three times as many citizens voted as in 1824. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson elected President </li></ul><ul><li>20,000-plus attended inauguration. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson saw himself as representing the “Common Man” (WHY) </li></ul><ul><li>1 st President not born to Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Supporters-Farmers, Shopkeepers, City workers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Started the Democratic Party <ul><li>Present Day Democratic Party </li></ul><ul><li>Party Represents </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinary People: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not the Rich/ Well Born (Republican Party) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Introduced “Spoils System” <ul><li>Jackson introduced “Rotations” in Office. </li></ul><ul><li>His opponents called his approach “Spoils System” </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>People who served under a previous President were replaced with people who had worked on Jackson’s Campaign . </li></ul><ul><li>He Believed it was good that more people would gain experience in government. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Qualifications of Voting <ul><li>Voting Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the 1820s, states eliminated the requirement to own land to vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After this ruling, All White males could vote </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Indian Removal Act (1830) <ul><li>Jackson believed that Native Americans might ally w/ foreign invaders (War of 1812) and pose a danger to our country. </li></ul><ul><li>He proposed the Indian Removal Act (1830) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This act removed Tribes from lands east of the Mississippi River. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Government gave Indians Supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most Tribes signed Treaties agreeing to Jackson’s Terms. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Trail of Tears <ul><li>The Cherokees rejected Jackson’s Proposal. </li></ul><ul><li>Cherokees took their case to the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>Court ruled in favor of the Cherokee Tribe b/c the tribe was “dependent” nation subject to Federal but not State Law. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson was determined to remove them anyway. </li></ul><ul><li>16,000 were forced to move to Oklahoma. </li></ul><ul><li>¼ died from freezing temperatures to OK. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nullification Crisis <ul><li>Recall </li></ul><ul><li>The North Favored a High Tariff to protect their industry from foreign competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Southern States opposed it because they sold Cotton and other Crops to England. (Shipping/Importing) $ </li></ul><ul><li>Did the states have the right to nullify (Cancel) a high tariff? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tariff Crisis (1832-1833) <ul><li>John C Calhoun-Leading spokesman (vice-president) against Tariff </li></ul><ul><li>Secretly Published “The Exposition and Protest” (Tariff Unconstitutional) </li></ul><ul><li>States have the right to nullify (cancel) Tariff. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Webster-Hayne Debate <ul><li>This debate came about due to Calhoun published Essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Senator Hayne-Advanced Calhoun Nullification Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Senator Webster-denounced Nullification </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: Cost (Tariff) was lowered. </li></ul>
  15. 15. South Carolina Threatens Secession <ul><li>South Carolina put Calhoun’s nullification theory into practice. </li></ul><ul><li>A States Convention passed the Ordinance of Nullification, which voided the Tariff / banned Collection in S.C. </li></ul><ul><li>South Carolina threaten to Secede if the Federal Gov’t. tried to enforce the tariff. </li></ul><ul><li>Force Bill-Gave President power to use force against S.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay proposed Reduced Tariffs over the next 10 years, S.C. withdrew its law. </li></ul>